|Born||January 19, 1931|
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
|Died||February 23, 2017 (aged 86)|
|Labels||Blue Note, SteepleChase|
Horace Parlan (January 19, 1931 – February 23, 2017) was an American pianist and composer known for working in the hard bop and post-bop styles of jazz. In addition to his work as a bandleader Parlan was known for his contributions to the Charles Mingus recordings Mingus Ah Um and Blues & Roots.
He was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States. In his birth year, Parlan was stricken with polio, resulting in the partial crippling of his right hand. The handicap contributed to his development of a particularly "pungent" left-hand chord voicing style, while comping with highly rhythmic phrases with the right.
Later life and career
Between 1952 and 1957, he worked in Washington D.C. with Sonny Stitt, then spent two years with Mingus' Jazz Workshop. In 1973, Parlan moved to Copenhagen, Denmark. He later settled in the small village of Rude in southern Zealand. In 1974, he completed a State Department tour of Africa with Hal Singer.
His later work, such as a series of duos with the tenor saxophonist Archie Shepp included the album Goin' Home (1977), steeped in gospel music.
Parlan received the 2000 Ben Webster Prize awarded by the Ben Webster Foundation.
He died at a nursing home in Naestved, Denmark at the age of 86. He had been suffering from multiple ailments, including diabetes and failing eyesight.
|Year recorded||Year released||Title||Label||Notes|
|1960||1960||Movin' & Groovin'||Blue Note||Trio, with Sam Jones (bass), Al Harewood (drums)|
|1960||1960||Us Three||Blue Note||Trio, with George Tucker (bass), Al Harewood (drums)|
|1960||1960||Speakin' My Piece||Blue Note||Quintet, with Tommy Turrentine (trumpet), Stanley Turrentine (tenor sax), George Tucker (bass), Al Harewood (drums)|
|1960||1961||Headin' South||Blue Note||Some tracks trio, with George Tucker (bass), Al Harewood (drums); most tracks quartet, with Ray Barretto (congas) added|
|1961||1961||On the Spur of the Moment||Blue Note||Quintet, with Tommy Turrentine (trumpet), Stanley Turrentine (tenor sax), George Tucker (bass), Al Harewood (drums)|
|1961||1961||Up & Down||Blue Note||Quintet, with Booker Ervin (tenor sax), Grant Green (guitar), George Tucker (bass), Al Harewood (drums)|
|1963||1976||Happy Frame of Mind||Blue Note||One track quintet, with Johnny Coles (trumpet), Booker Ervin (tenor sax), Butch Warren (bass), Billy Higgins (drums); other tracks sextet, with Grant Green (guitar) added; originally released as part of Booker Ervin's Back from the Gig; released in Parlan's name in 1986|
|1973||1974||Arrival||SteepleChase||Some tracks trio, with Hugo Rasmussen (bass), Ed Thigpen (drums); some tracks quintet, with Idrees Sulieman (flugelhorn), Bent Jædig (tenor sax) added|
|1975||1976||No Blues||Steeplechase||Trio, with Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen (bass), Tony Inzalaco (drums)|
|1977||1977||Frank-ly Speaking||Steeplechase||Quintet, with Frank Foster (tenor sax), Frank Strozier (alto sax), Lisle Atkinson (bass) Al Harewood (drums)|
|1977||1977||Goin' Home||Steeplechase||Duo, co-led with Archie Shepp (tenor sax, soprano sax)|
|1978||1978||Hi-Fly||Steeplechase||Trio, with Doug Raney (guitar), Wilbur Little (bass)|
|1978||1978||Blue Parlan||Steeplechase||Trio, with Wilbur Little (bass), Dannie Richmond (drums)|
|1979||1979||Musically Yours||Steeplechase||Solo piano|
|1979||1982||The Maestro||Steeplechase||Solo piano|
|1980||1980||Trouble in Mind||Steeplechase||Duo, co-led with Archie Shepp (tenor sax, soprano sax)|
|1981||1984||Pannonica||Enja||Trio, with Reggie Johnson (bass), Alvin Queen (drums)|
|1983||1983||Like Someone in Love||Steeplechase||Trio, with Jesper Lundgaard (bass), Dannie Richmond (drums)|
|1983||1991||Jazzbühne Berlin||Repertoire||Solo piano; album shared with Mal Waldron|
|1984||1984||Glad I Found You||Steeplechase||Quintet, with Thad Jones (flugelhorn), Eddie Harris (tenor sax), Jesper Lundgaard (bass), Aage Tanggaard (drums)|
|1987||1987||Little Esther||Soul Note||Quartet, with Per Goldschmidt (baritone sax), Klavs Hovman (bass), Massimo De Majo (drums)|
|1987||1987||Duo Reunion||L+R||Duo, co-led with Archie Shepp (tenor sax)|
|1988||Keep Your Hands Wide Open||Olufsen||Most tracks duo, with Soren S. Eriksen (alto sax); one track trio, with Thomas Helmig (vocals) added|
|1991||1993||Swing Low||Plainisphare||Duo, co-led with Archie Shepp (tenor sax, alto sax, vocals); in concert|
|1994||Joinin' Forces||Olufsen||Duo, co-led with Jan Kaspersen (piano)|
|1998||We Three||Baybridge||Trio, with Mads Vinding (bass), Ed Thigpen (drums)|
|1999||Voyage of Rediscovery||Storyville||Solo piano|
|1998||2001||The Horace Parlan Trio||M&I||Trio, with Jesper Lundgaard (bass), Ed Thigpen (drums); also released as Kōjō no Tsuki (荒城の月)|
|2001||2002||Behind the Blues||Leafage Jazz||Some tracks trio, with Mads Vinding (bass), Ed Thigpen (drums); some tracks quartet, with Staffan William-Olsson (guitar) added|
|2003||Relaxin' with Horace||Stunt||Trio, with Jesper Lundgaard (bass), Ed Thigpen (drums)|
|2007||My Little Brown Book||Stunt||Trio, with Christina Von Bulow (alto sax), Jesper Lundgaard (bass)|
Documentary, released on DVD: Horace Parlan by Horace Parlan
With Dave Bailey
- One Foot in the Gutter (Epic, 1960)
- Gettin' Into Somethin' (Epic, 1961) – recorded in 1960
- Goin' to the Meeting (Prestige, 1961) – recorded in 1960
- Tough Tenor Favorites (Jazzland, 1962) also with Johnny Griffin
- Jaw's Blues (Enja, 1981)
With Lou Donaldson
- The Time Is Right (Blue Note, 1959)
- Sunny Side Up (Blue Note, 1960)
- Midnight Sun (Blue Note, 1980) – recorded in 1960
With Booker Ervin
- That's It! (Candid, 1961)
- Exultation! (Prestige, 1963)
With Dexter Gordon
- Doin' Allright (Blue Note, 1961)
- Stable Mable (SteepleChase, 1975)
With Slide Hampton
- Jazz with a Twist (Atlantic, 1962) – recorded in 1961
- Explosion! The Sound of Slide Hampton (Atlantic, 1962)
With Roland Kirk
- Gifts & Messages (Mercury, 1964)
- I Talk with the Spirits (Limelight, 1965) – recorded in 1964
- Slightly Latin (Limelight, 1965)
With Charles Mingus
- A Modern Jazz Symposium of Music and Poetry (Bethlehem, 1957)
- Mingus Ah Um (Columbia, 1959)
- Blues & Roots (Atlantic, 1960) – recorded in 1959
With Doug Raney
- I'll Close My Eyes (SteepleChase, 1982)
- Meeting the Tenors (Criss Cross, 1983) – recorded in 1984
With Archie Shepp
- Splashes (L+R, 1987)
- Black Ballads (Timeless, 1992)
With Idrees Sulieman
- Bird's Grass (SteepleChase, 1985) – recorded in 1976
- Groovin' (SteepleChase, 1986) – recorded in 1985
With Stanley Turrentine
- Look Out! (Blue Note, 1960)
- Up at "Minton's" (Blue Note, 1961)
- Salt Song (CTI, 1971)
- Comin' Your Way (Blue Note, 1987) – recorded in 1961
- Gene Ammons, Gene Ammons in Sweden (Enja, 1981) – recorded in 1973
- Al Cohn and Zoot Sims, Motoring Along (Sonet, 1975)
- Johnny Coles, New Morning (Criss Cross Jazz, 1982)
- Pierre Dorge, The Jazzpar Prize (Enja, 1992)
- Frank Foster, The House That Love Built (SteepleChase, 1982)
- Hugo Heredia, Mananita Pampera (Cote d'azur, 1976)
- Langston Hughes, Weary Blues (MGM, 1958)
- Tommy Turrentine, Tommy Turrentine (Time, 1960)
- Kai Winding and Curtis Fuller, Giant Bones '80 (Sonet, 1980)
- various artists, A Moon of Roses
- ^ "Jazzlegenden Horace Parlan er død". Sn.dk. 25 February 2017. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
- ^ a b Colin Larkin, ed. (1992). The Guinness Encyclopedia of Popular Music (First ed.). Guinness Publishing. p. 1911. ISBN 0-85112-939-0.
- ^ a b c Feather, Leonard; Gitler, Ira (18 November 1999). The Biographical Encyclopedia of Jazz. Oxford University Press. p. 6. ISBN 978-0-19-972907-4. Retrieved October 3, 2021 – via Google Books.
- ^ "Horace Parlan, Jazz Pianist Who Overcame Disability, Dies at 86". Billboard.com. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
- ^ "Horace Parlan, jazz pianist who overcame disability, dies at 86 - the Washington Post". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 2020-10-22. Retrieved 2020-10-20.
- ^ "Blue Note Records Catalog: 4100 series". jazzdisco. Retrieved March 17, 2023.
- ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomans. "Happy Frame of Mind: Horace Parlan". AllMusic. Retrieved March 17, 2023.
- ^ Yanow, Scott. "Swing Low: Archie Shepp". AllMusic. Retrieved March 18, 2023.
- ^ "Horace Parlan Discography". jazzdisco. Retrieved March 17, 2023.
- ^ "Horace Parlan by Horace Parlan". loc.gov. Retrieved March 18, 2023.
- ^ "A Moon Of Roses (1994, CD)". Discogs.com. Retrieved October 3, 2021.