|Born||19 December 1808|
|Died||31 July 1889(aged 80)|
Horatius Bonar /həˈreɪʃəs ˈbɒnˌɑːr, ˈbɒnər/ (19 December 1808 – 31 July 1889), a contemporary and acquaintance of Robert Murray M'cheyne was a Scottish churchman and poet. He is principally remembered as a prodigious hymnodist. Friends knew him as Horace Bonar. Licensed as a preacher, he did mission work in Leith for a time, and in November 1837 he settled at Kelso as minister of the new North Church founded in connection with Thomas Chalmers's scheme of church extension. He became exceedingly popular as a preacher, and was soon well known throughout Scotland.
He was the son of James Bonar (1758–1821), Solicitor of Excise for Scotland, and his wife Marjory Pyott Maitland. The family lived in the Broughton district of Edinburgh.
He came from a long line of ministers who served a total of 364 years in the Church of Scotland. One of eleven children, his brothers John James and Andrew Alexander were also ministers of the Free Church of Scotland. Horatius studied Divinity at University of Edinburgh and was ordained as a minister for the Church of Scotland in 1838 at the North Church in Kelso. In the Disruption of 1843 he left the established church and joined the Free Church of Scotland. In 1866 he moved to the newly built Chalmers Memorial Church in Edinburgh.
He married Jane Catherine Lundie in 1843 and five of their (nine) young children died in succession. Towards the end of their lives, one of their surviving daughters was left a widow with five small children and she returned to live with her parents.
In 1853, Bonar received an honorary Doctor of Divinity degree from the University of Aberdeen.
He died at this home, 10 Palmerston Road in the Grange, 31 July 1889. They are buried together in the Canongate Kirkyard in the lair of Alexander Bonar (and his parents), near the bottom of the eastern extension.
He married 16 August 1843, Jane Catherine (died 3rd December 1884), third daughter of Robert Lundie, minister of Kelso, and had issue —
- Mary Lundie, born 14 June 1844 (married 29 August 1876, George Theophilus Dodds, M'All Mission, Paris)
- James, born 25 May, died 19 July 1847
- Marjory Emily Jane, born 29 August 1849, died 28 June 1850
- Christian Cornelia, born 10 October 1852, died 17 July 1869
- Lucy Jane, born 22 September 1854, died 20 August 1858
- Eliza Maitland, born 10 September 1857
- Horatius Ninian, sometime minister of United Free Church, Saltoun, born 2 April 1860
- Emily Florence, born 26 December 1861 (married 2 August 1894, Duncan Clark MacNicol, minister of Stockbridge United Free Church, Edinburgh)
- Henry Robert, born 17 December 1865, died 26 March 1869.
He was brother to the Rev. John James Bonar of Greenock (1803–1891).
He entered the Ministry of the Church of Scotland. At first he was put in charge of mission work at St. John's parish in Leith and settled at Kelso. He joined the Free Church at the time of the Disruption of 1843, and in 1867 was moved to Edinburgh to take over the Chalmers Memorial Church (named after his teacher at college, Dr. Thomas Chalmers). In 1883, he was elected Moderator of the General Assembly of the Free Church of Scotland.
He was a voluminous and highly popular author. He also served as the editor for "The Quarterly journal of Prophecy" from 1848 to 1873 and for the "Christian Treasury" from 1859 to 1879. In addition to many books and tracts was a prolific hymnodist; many of his hymns, e.g., "I heard the voice of Jesus say" and "Blessing and Honour and Glory and Power," became known all over the English-speaking world. A selection of these was published as Hymns of Faith and Hope (3 series). His last volume of poetry was My Old Letters. Bonar was also author of several biographies of ministers he had known, including "The Life of the Rev. John Milne of Perth" in 1869, and in 1884 "The Life and Works of the Rev. G. T. Dodds", who was married to Bonar's daughter and who died in 1882 while serving as a missionary in France.
His hymns, which number over 140, include:
- All Praise to Him Who Built the Hills
- All That I Was
- Fill thou my life, O Lord, my God
- I heard the Voice of Jesus say
- I Was a Wandering Sheep
- Thy way, not mine, O Lord
- Not What I Am, O Lord, but What Thou Art
- Here, O my Lord, I see Thee face to face
- A few more years shall roll
- Come Lord and tarry not
- O love of God, how strong and true
- Go, Labour on: Spend and Be Spent
Some of his books include:
- Words to Winners of Souls. Nabu Press. 2011. ISBN 978-1-24772-723-3.
- The Everlasting Righteousness. Banner of Truth. 1996. ISBN 978-0-85151-655-4.
- God's Way of Holiness. Christian Focus Publications. 1999. ISBN 978-1-85792-503-6.
- How Shall I Go to God. Baker Book House. 1977. ISBN 978-0-8010-0713-2.
- Night of Weeping. Christian Focus Publications. 1999. ISBN 978-1-85792-441-1.
- God's Way of Peace. ISBN 1-4590-9630-4
- Follow the Lamb. ISBN 0-906731-63-1
- Light & Truth: Bible Thoughts and Themes on The Acts & Larger Epistles. – commentary on Acts, Romans, and 1 Corinthians and 2 Corinthians ASIN B002ZJRS9K
- Light & Truth: Bible Thoughts and Themes on Revelation. – commentary on the Book of Revelation ASIN B002ZRQ55U
- ^ Wylie 1881.
- ^ Bonar 1889.
- ^ Bayne 1901.
- ^ James Bonar grave monument in Canongate Kirk Church burial ground, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland
- ^ Edinburgh Post Office Directory 1810
- ^ Ewings Annals of the Free Church
- ^ Edinburgh Post Office Directory 1889
- ^ Scott 1917.
- Bailey, Albert Edward (1950). The Gospel in Hymns. New York: Charles Scribner's sons. pp. 451–455.
- Bayne, Thomas Wilson (1901). "Bonar, Horatius". In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography (1st supplement). London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 231–232. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- Betjeman, John (2007). Games, Stephen (ed.). Sweet Songs of Zion. Hodder and Stoughton. ISBN 978-0340-943762.
- Bonar, Horatius (1866). Catechisms of the Scottish reformation. London: J. Nisbet.
- Bonar, Horatius (1889). Horatius Bonar, D.D. : a memorial. New York: Robert Carter & Brothers.
- Julian, John (June 1907). A Dictionary of Hymnology. London: John Murray. pp. 161–162.
- "New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge". Retrieved 17 February 2007.
- Heath Christian Book Shop Charitable Trust. "Horatius Bonar 1808-1880". Archived from the original on 4 July 2007. Retrieved 17 February 2007.
- Scott, Hew (1917). Fasti ecclesiae scoticanae; the succession of ministers in the Church of Scotland from the reformation. Vol. 2. Edinburgh: Oliver and Boyd. pp. 74-75. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- Wylie, James Aitken, ed. (1881). Disruption worthies : a memorial of 1843, with an historical sketch of the free church of Scotland from 1843 down to the present time. Edinburgh: T. C. Jack. pp. 39–46.
- Works by or about Horatius Bonar at Internet Archive
- Works by Horatius Bonar at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)
- "I heard the voice of Jesus say" – words and score for Bonar's hymn
- "So Soon in the Morning", a song by Joan Baez and Bill Wood (1329) containing two lines from Bonar's "I heard the voice of Jesus say"
- The Hymns of Horatius Bonar
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Cousin, John William (1910). A Short Biographical Dictionary of English Literature. London: J. M. Dent & Sons – via Wikisource.
- 1808 births
- 1889 deaths
- 19th-century Ministers of the Free Church of Scotland
- Burials at the Canongate Kirkyard
- Scottish evangelicals
- Clergy from Edinburgh
- Alumni of the University of Edinburgh
- Free Church of Scotland hymnwriters
- Church of Scotland hymnwriters
- 19th-century Ministers of the Church of Scotland
- Writers from Edinburgh
- Musicians from Edinburgh