Horb am Neckar

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Horb am Neckar
Horb a. N..JPG
Coat of arms of Horb am Neckar
Coat of arms
Horb am Neckar   is located in Germany
Horb am Neckar
Horb am Neckar
Coordinates: 48°26′43″N 8°41′28″E / 48.44528°N 8.69111°E / 48.44528; 8.69111Coordinates: 48°26′43″N 8°41′28″E / 48.44528°N 8.69111°E / 48.44528; 8.69111
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Karlsruhe
District Freudenstadt
Area
 • Total 119.84 km2 (46.27 sq mi)
Population (2014-12-31)[1]
 • Total 24,430
 • Density 200/km2 (530/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 72160
Dialling codes 07451, 07482, 07483, 07486
Vehicle registration FDS
Website www.horb.de
Horb am Neckar on Neckar River
Red pog.svg
Horb am Neckar on Neckar River

Horb am Neckar is a town in the southwest of the German state of Baden-Württemberg. It is located on the Neckar river, between Offenburg to the west (about 56 kilometres (35 mi) away) and Tübingen to the east (about 29 kilometres (18 mi) away). It has around 25,000 inhabitants, of whom about 6,000 live in the main town of Horb, and the remainder in 18 associated villages and districts which form part of the same municipality. If the entire municipality is counted, it is the largest town in the District of Freudenstadt.

Since 1 January 1981 Horb am Neckar has had the status of a Große Kreisstadt. It operates a combined administration with the neighbouring communities of Empfingen and Eutingen im Gäu.

Geography[edit]

Horb lies on the eastern margin of the northern part of the Black Forest just above the confluence of the river Grabenbach with the Neckar. The well-preserved old town, with an ancient castle and castle gardens and a typical market place where the town hall is still located, lies on a ridge overlooking the Neckar. The modern town and its outskirts stretch up the valleys of both rivers.

Constituent communities[edit]

In addition to the main town of Horb, the municipality includes a number of communities which are recognised within the terms of the 1970s Baden-Württemberg local government reform, that is they have an elected council and council chairman. These are Ahldorf, Altheim, Betra, Bildechingen, Bittelbronn, Dettensee, Dettingen, Dettlingen, Dießen, Grünmettstetten, Ihlingen, Isenburg, Mühlen, Mühringen, Nordstetten, Rexingen and Talheim, the last of which is made up of the formerly independent parishes of Obertalheim and Untertalheim. These are referred to formally (for example, in postal purposes) as Horb-Ahldorf, Horb-Altheim, etc. There are also other districts with distinct names, such as Hohenberg and Haugenstein, but no formally recognised boundaries, and numerous isolated hamlets with handfuls of inhabitants, such as Fronholzhof, Frundeckhof, Heidgrundhof, Hohenfichtehof, Markstallhof, Auchtert-Höfe, Breitenbaum-Höfe, Josefshof, Käppleshof, Kegelhof, Isenburger Höfe, Buchhöfe, Kreuzhöfe, Plattenhöfe, Ziegelhof, Heidehöfe, Kapellenhöfe, and Röteberg, not to mention even smaller settlements such as Neckarhausen or Priorberg.

Neighbouring municipalities[edit]

The following towns and communities border on Horb am Neckar, listing them in clockwise order starting in the east: Starzach (in Landkreis Tübingen), Haigerloch (Zollernalbkreis), Empfingen (Landkreis Freudenstadt), Sulz am Neckar (Landkreis Rottweil), Glatten, Schopfloch and Waldachtal (all in Landkreis Freudenstadt), and finally Haiterbach and Nagold, both in Landkreis Calw).

History[edit]

Horb was first documented as horv or horva, meaning swamp in Old High German, at 1090.

It is unclear when the city first got Town privileges.

In 1981 Horb became a Große Kreisstadt (major district town) due to an application of the city council when Horb reached a population figure of over 20,000 at 1979

Main sights[edit]

Maximilian-Ritterspiele, June 2010
Mini-Rock-Festival 2005
  • The annual Renaissance fair "Maximilian-Ritterspiele" (Maximilian-Jousting) in Horb which takes place in the middle of June
  • The annual Rock festival "Mini-Rock-Festival" taking place in late August since 2005 organised voluntarily by adolescents

Notable residents[edit]

  • around 1490, Georgius Eberhard, abbot at the monastery St. Blasien
  • 1447, Veit Stoss, † September 22, 1533 in Nuremberg, sculptor, painter and engraver

~ 1490, Sebastian Lotzer († unknown), author of the Memminger items and 12 items in the Peasant War

  • 1720, August 11, Martin Gerbert, † 13 May 1793 Prince Abbot of St. Blasien
  • 1806 29 December, Kaspar Kaltenmoser, † March 8, 1867 in Munich, genre painter
  • 1812, February 28, Berthold Auerbach, † February 8, 1882 in Cannes, Writer
  • 1816, March 5, Johann Nepomuk Meintel, † December 14, 1872 in Horb, sculptor and painter
  • 1819, August 22, Johann Nepomuk Brischar, † April 11, 1897 in Buhl, Catholic church historian
  • 1820, May 30, Wilhelm Erath, merchant, Member of Parliament, Mayor of the City
  • 1829, January 21, Paul Leopold Haffner, † November 2, 1899 in Mainz, Bishop of Mainz
  • 1842, March 4, Paul Schanz, Catholic theology professor at the University of Tübingen
  • 1852, April 14, Maximilian Berlitz, † 1921 in New York, founder of the Berlitz language schools
  • 1883, August 12, Lorenz Bock, † August 3, 1948 in Rottweil, President of Württemberg-Hohenzollern
  • 1888, May 29, Josef Zürndorfer, † September 19, 1915 in Berlin, a fighter pilot in World War I.
  • 1892, December 26, Georg Mayer, † 21. Juni 1973 Economist, Rector of the University of Leipzig
  • 1907 Konstantin Hank, † 1977 CDU local politicians and Merit carrier
  • 1919, December 10, Eberhard patrons, † 18, 2012 in Stuttgart, historian, president of the Provincial Archives Directorate Baden-Württemberg
  • 1923, June 27, Martin Schetter, † 12 October 2003 politicians and union officials
  • 1925, September 4, Franz Blank, † May 24th 2008, longtime council chairman and deputy chairman of the Supervisory Board of Porsche AG
  • 1935, January 31, Norbert Schneider, lawyer and politician of the CDU
  • 1942, Wolfgang Maier, biologist
  • 1946, May 31, Johannes Kreidler, since 1991 auxiliary bishop in the diocese of Rottenburg-Stuttgart
  • 1949, March 4, Winfried Wolf, Member of the German Bundestag for the PDS 1994-2002 today the initiative citizens announcer instead Exchange web
  • 1957, January 8, Carmina Brenner, Member of Parliament (CDU), President of the State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg
  • 1965 Regine Hermann, opera singer
  • 1992, September 11, Pascal Reinhardt, football player

People connected to the town[edit]

International relations[edit]

Horb am Neckar is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]