Horizon (magazine)

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Horizon: A Review of Literature and Art was an influential literary magazine published in London, UK, between 1940 and 1949. It was edited by Cyril Connolly, who made it into a platform for a wide range of distinguished and emerging writers. It had a print run of 120 issues [1] or 20 volumes.[2]

Connolly founded Horizon with Peter Watson as its financial backer and de facto art editor. Connolly was editor throughout its publication and Stephen Spender was an uncredited associate editor until early 1941.[3] It had a small circulation of around 9,500, but an impressive list of contributors, and it made a significant impact on the arts during and just after the World War II. Connolly issued an all-Irish number in 1941, an all-Swiss number in 1946 and a U. S. number in October 1947.[4] There was also a French issue and one comprising The Loved One, the novel by Evelyn Waugh.

In Unconditional Surrender Evelyn Waugh created a character, Everard Spruce, who, like Connolly, was the editor of a literary review, liked good food and parties, and was surrounded by helpful young ladies. In reality two of these ladies at Horizon were Clarissa Eden[5] and Sonia Brownell. Brownell met George Orwell through the magazine and later married him.

Selected list of contributors[edit]

Contributors included:[6]


102 of the magazine's 120-issue run are available for browsing on the UNZ archive website.[7]


  1. ^ "[1]", Bookride: Horizon 1940-1949, Accessed July 13, 2016.
  2. ^ "Editions/Volumes of Horizon: A Review of Literature and Art.", Google Books, Accessed August 25, 2013.
  3. ^ Michael Shelden (1989): Friends of Promise: Cyril Connolly and the World of "Horizon", Hamish Hamilton / Harper & Row, ISBN 0-06-016138-8.
  4. ^ "Land of the Middlebrow", Time, October 20, 1947.
  5. ^ "Clarissa Eden's road to Suez", Telegraph, 20 December 2007.
  6. ^ "Horizon. 1940 - 1949. Cyril Connolly", Bookride.
  7. ^ "Issues of Horizon magazine", UNZ.org, Accessed August 25, 2013.