The interior of a coach on the Carl Sandburg in 2013.
|Family name||Comet (railcar)|
|Depot(s)||Chicago, Los Angeles, Oakland|
|Line(s) served||Blue Water, Carl Sandburg, Hiawatha, Hoosier State, Illini, Illinois Zephyr, Lincoln Service, Missouri River Runner, Pacific Surfliner, San Joaquin, Saluki, Wolverine|
|Car length||85 feet (26 m)|
|Width||10 feet (3.0 m)|
|Height||13 feet (4.0 m)|
|Doors||2 manually operated dutch doors per side|
|Maximum speed||125 miles per hour (201 km/h)|
|Power supply||480 V AC 60 Hz Head end power|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm)|
The Horizon is a single-level model of rail car used by Amtrak, primarily on short-haul corridor routes in the Midwestern United States. Bombardier Transportation built 104 of the cars in 1988–1990 based on the Comet II commuter coach design.
The Horizon was adapted from the Comet, a single-level commuter coach originally designed and built by Pullman-Standard in 1970–1973 for the Erie Lackawanna Railroad. Bombardier delivered two basic types: a coach and a cafe. The coaches could seat between 76–82 in standard configuration; 14 were built as accessible coaches and sat 72. The entire coach fleet was later rebuilt to be accessible, with maximum seating now 68–72. The Horizon has a maximum speed of 125 mph (201 km/h). Horizon cars ride on GSI-G70 outboard bearing trucks, also found on the Superliner II.
Bombardier Transportation manufactured 104 Horizon-type cars for Amtrak: 86 coaches and 18 food service cars, in Cafe/Club (half table seating, half business class seating) and Dinette (all table seating) configurations. The first Horizon cars entered service in April, 1989. In 1994 Amtrak considered ordering a further 23 cars to replace the gas-turbine Turboliner trainsets on the Empire Corridor but continuing budget woes prevented this.:40–7
Amtrak's Horizon passenger cars primarily are used on trains based out of Amtrak's Chicago division including the Illinois Service (Carl Sandburg, Illini, Illinois Zephyr, Lincoln Service & Saluki), Michigan Services (Blue Water & Wolverine), Hiawatha, Hoosier State and Missouri River Runner. Several Horizon cars are assigned to Amtrak's Los Angeles division for use on the Pacific Surfliner route. The California Department of Transportation has also paid to lease and refurbish 3 Dinettes (all table seating) for use as café cars on the San Joaquin route. These cars are assigned to Amtrak's Oakland division.
- Shoreliner - Similar cars operated by Metro-North Railroad.
- Amtrak (May 2013). "Station Program and Planning Guidelines" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on December 18, 2014. Retrieved November 29, 2014.
- Trainweb.org Amtrak roster page
- Horizon car numbers
- Simon & Warner 2011, p. 224
- "Amtrak's Passenger Trains" (PDF). Amtrak. 1990. Retrieved 17 May 2015.
- Amtrak 2015, p. 40
- Bing, Berry & Henderson 1996, p. 3-11
- Solomon 2004, pp. 132–133
- Stephenson, Dick (July 1989). "Amtrak/Passenger". Pacific RailNews (308): 13–14. Archived from the original on 2013-10-02.
- U. S. Industrial Outlook, 1994. DIANE Publishing. 1994.
- San Joaquin Joint Powers Authority/Caltrans. "San Joaquin Rolling Stock Presentation" (PDF). pp. 35–42. Retrieved 30 June 2013.[permanent dead link]
- Amtrak (October 27, 2015). "Capital Investment Plan for Amtrak Equipment Deployed in State Corridor Service FY2016 – FY2020" (PDF).
- Bing, Alan J.; Berry, Shaun R.; Henderson, Hal B. (1996). Design Data on Suspension Systems of Selected Rail Passenger Cars (PDF). Washington, D.C.: Federal Railroad Administration.
- Simon, Elbert; Warner, David C. (2011). Amtrak by the numbers: a comprehensive passenger car and motive power roster, 1971-2011. Kansas City, MO: White River Productions. ISBN 978-1-932804-12-6.
- Solomon, Brian (2004). Amtrak. Saint Paul, MN: MBI. ISBN 0-760-31765-8. OCLC 56490949.