Horizontal Integration Facility
A horizontal integration facility (HIF) is a location within which the stages of a multistage rocket are brought together, before the assembled stack is rolled out to the launch pad or complex (LC) and raised into vertical position for launch.
HIF in the United States
|Cape Canaveral Air Force Station||SLC-37||Delta IV||A seven-story white building containing 2 bays measuring 250 feet (76 m) by 100 feet (30 m) each. Construction was completed in June 2000. Its floors are said to be the most level in the United States, varying less than 0.38 in (9.6 mm) across each bay. The first and second stages of the rocket, along with any boosters that are being used for that flight, are integrated in the HIF, and then the stack is moved to the pad and raised to vertical. The payload and fairing are assembled later.|||
|Cape Canaveral Air Force Station||SLC-40||Falcon 9||SpaceX built its first Falcon 9 HIF on the south side of the pad. It measures 225 feet (69 m) long by 75 feet (23 m) wide and stands about 50 feet (15 m) tall. A former payload integration facility is directly adjacent to the HIF. The HIF was extended to a length of at least 72 metres accommodate the longer versions the falcon 9.|||
|Kennedy Space Center||LC-39A||Falcon 9 / Falcon Heavy||SpaceX built its second HIF on the Crawlerway leading to pad LC 39A just outside of its perimeter. It can accommodate both Falcon 9 and Falcon Heavy. It is able to support 5 boosters side by side. Inside the HIF the Falcon 9 / Falcon Heavy rockets are assembled and the payload, encapsulated in the fairing is connected to the rocket.|
|Kwajalein Atoll||Omelek Island||Falcon 1||A HIF has been built by SpaceX.||Exterior Interior|||
|Vandenberg Air Force Base||SLC-6||Delta IV||A "cavernous" HIF exists. The HIF contains two bays that can accommodate the Delta IV and Delta IV Heavy.||Exterior|||
|Wallops Flight Facility||Antares||||HIF built by Orbital Sciences Corporation. The HIF is 250 feet (76 m) long by 150 feet (46 m) wide by 60 feet (18 m) tall. It opened in 2011.|||
Most Russian, Ukrainian and former Soviet launchers are integrated horizontally, including Dnepr, Proton, Rockot, Shtil' and Soyuz. New Zealand Electron launcher is also integrated horizontally and European Ariane 6 would also use HIF to integrate its rocket stack.
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