The district is situated in the North-East part of the region. It was formed on 17 July 1924. It occupies 1284 km² and its population is about 52.6 thousand of people. The district is divided into 11 rural stations. On its territory are situated 172 rural populated villages. On the territory of the district Belarusian State Agricultural Academy is situated (it was founded in 1840) and pedagogical college. These conditions make Horki the centre of agricultural science and research. Industry of the district is represented by food enterprises, building materials enterprises, light industry enterprises. Agriculture of the district has several main branches: milk and meat cattle-breeding; grain and fodder crops growing; potato growing. Through the territory of Horki district railway Vorša-Kryčaŭ runs. Roads connect Horki with Vorša, Mahiloŭ, Mścisłaŭ and Drybin. Every year 290 thousand of passengers use local railway station and 5.5 millions of passengers use Horki bus station. The most famous museum of the district is the Memorial complex of “soviet-polish friendship” in Ramanava (Lenina) village. On the territory of Horki district the Pronia, Basia, Ramiastvianka, Lebiedzieŭka, Dniaprec, Miareja run. The useful minerals are peat, sands, and clays.