Horní Jiřetín

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Horní Jiřetín
Town
Flag
Coat of arms
Country Czech Republic
Region Ústí nad Labem
District Most
Commune Litvínov
Elevation 280 m (919 ft)
Coordinates 50°34′30″N 13°32′43″E / 50.57500°N 13.54528°E / 50.57500; 13.54528Coordinates: 50°34′30″N 13°32′43″E / 50.57500°N 13.54528°E / 50.57500; 13.54528
Area 39.85 km2 (15.39 sq mi)
Population 1,917 (2001)
Density 48/km2 (124/sq mi)
Founded 1263
Mayor Vladimír Buřt
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 435 43
Location in the Czech Republic
Location in the Czech Republic
Horni Jiretin MO CZ.png
Location in Most District
Wikimedia Commons: Horní Jiřetín
Statistics: statnisprava.cz
Website: www.hornijiretin.cz

Horní Jiřetín (Czech pronunciation: [ˈɦorɲiː jɪr̝ɛciːn]; German: Obergeorgenthal) is a Czech town with 2 183 inhabitants in Most District, in the Ústí nad Labem Region in the foothills of the Ore Mountains on the border with Germany.

Geography[edit]

Horní Jiřetín is located approximately 8 km away from Most, 10 km from Litvínov, 40 km from Ústí nad Labem and 90 km from the Czech capital of Prague.

History[edit]

The first documented reference to this municipality is from 1263 when the village Jorenthal is mentioned as being on the road to Saxony. At the time, the village was mainly governed by the Duchcov-based Lobkowicz family. In the 16th century, iron ore was discovered nearby at Červená Jáma. At the end of the 17th century, the village was hit by the bubonic plague and at the end of the 18th, it suffered from a steep financial decline due to war.

After World War II the local German population was expelled.

In 2015, the nearby ČSA surface mining operation requested breaking the mining limits imposed on them. This would lead to the demolition of various towns in the region, including Horní Jiřetín.

Notable people[edit]

Municipal parts[edit]

  • Černice (Tschernitz )
  • Dolní Jiřetín (Niedergeorgenthal )
  • Horní Jiřetín (Obergeorgenthal )
  • Jezeří (Eisenberg )
  • Mariánské Údolí (Marienthal )

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Horní Jiřetín is twinned with:

External links[edit]