Horní Moštěnice

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Horní Moštěnice
Municipality
Coat of arms of Horní Moštěnice
Coat of arms
Horní Moštěnice is located in Czech Republic
Horní Moštěnice
Horní Moštěnice
Coordinates: 49°24′59″N 17°27′41″E / 49.41639°N 17.46139°E / 49.41639; 17.46139Coordinates: 49°24′59″N 17°27′41″E / 49.41639°N 17.46139°E / 49.41639; 17.46139
Country  Czech Republic
Region Olomouc
District Přerov
Area
 • Total 9.81 km2 (3.79 sq mi)
Elevation 216 m (709 ft)
Population (2006)
 • Total 1,607
 • Density 160/km2 (420/sq mi)
Postal code 751 17
Website http://www.hornimostenice.cz

Horní Moštěnice is a village and municipality (obec) in Přerov District in the Olomouc Region of the Czech Republic. It has a population of about 1,600, who live in 560 houses. It is 5 km (3.1 mi) south of the town of Přerov, on the road between Přerov and Otrokovice. It is a quite modern village. You can find here a primary school, a nursery school, a doctor surgery, a dentist, a veterinary doctor, a post office, a cinema, a library and three shops with food, drugstore, six pubs and a lot self-employed. There are also three mineral springs. The best-known is Hanácká kyselka (Hanakian acidulous water).

Švédské šance[edit]

There is an old fortification about 1 km (0.62 mi) above the village, which is connected with Moštěnice's chapel in the middle of the village and with a not exactly known place in Přerov by abandoned tunnels.

The name Švédské šance (English: Swedish Rampart) comes from Thirty Years War. The bunker was built by Swedish soldiers as a Swedish barrier. They assaulted other villages from this place. The fortification was used in the Second World War as well.

On June 18–19, 1945, Slovak Germans from Dobšiná village were passing through Přerov while being transported back to Slovakia. Here they were taken out of the train by Slovakian soldiers, taken outside the city to a hill Švédské šance, where they were forced to dig their own graves and all were shot (71 men, 120 women and 74 children).[1]

Village and streamlet name[edit]

The first written references about village come from AD 1131. The name of village is quite old. In the time of Great Moravia there was an important way connecting Velehrad with Přerov and Olomouc, leading through hags and marshes, so the path had to be hardened by bundles of wicker called moština, giving later the name to the village.

The streamlet Moštěnka, which flows around the village, used to be called Stvola after a willow-trees species (stvola in Old Slavic).

Stronghold Štulbach[edit]

The first reference about stronghold is from 1389. The village and stronghold used to stand about 1 km east of Moštěnice, nowadays there is just lonely place and old un-used mill called Štulbach. The name Štulbach was derived from streamlet's name Stvola. Whole name of village and stronghold was half Czech and half German "Stvolbach" which was common in these days. According to old information, the stronghold was built from stones on an area 32 m × 83 m (105 ft × 272 ft).

In the beginning of the 19th century there were still ruines of a stronghold on that place. But in 1805 the residuals of old Štulbach was destroyed by mill-man Otáhal. Stones were sold or used for his new mill. In 1862 you could see bridge spillings in the Moštěnka. Between 1920 and 1926 there was a regulation of the Moštěnka which destroyed the last pieces of stronghold.

Castle Moštěnice[edit]

It is quite interesting that stronghold was still in good condition after the Czech-Hungarian wars in the second half of the 15th century. For unknown reasons the stronghold disappeared in the second half of the 16th century. Last information about it was in 1565.

The mansion was probably moved to the neighbouring village Moštěnice. The stronghold did appear here in about 1550 and after Thirty Years´ War was changed to Baroque castle with decoration park. In the beginning of the 19th century was this one changed into landscape garden.

In the 20th century the castle went through lot of changes. After the First World War there was established a school upstairs in the castle which was here till 1975. In 1928 village bought the castle with part of castle area and the municipal office was installed here. Nowadays there is municipal office, police station and veterinary doctor. .

Primary school[edit]

A primary school was established in 1970, teaching about 200 pupils in classes from the first to the ninth grade.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Marie Špalková: Horní Moštěnice - kapitoly z dějin obce, Horní Moštěnice 2006; ISBN 80-86247-03-1, str. 114-116