Horndon-on-the-Hill

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The Horndon Woolmarket
Horndon-on-the-Hill
Horndon-on-the-Hill is located in Essex
Horndon-on-the-Hill
Horndon-on-the-Hill
Horndon-on-the-Hill shown within Essex
OS grid reference TQ665835
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town STANFORD-LE-HOPE
Postcode district SS17
Dialling code 01375
Police Essex
Fire Essex
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
List of places
UK
England
Essex
51°31′26″N 0°24′11″E / 51.524°N 0.403°E / 51.524; 0.403Coordinates: 51°31′26″N 0°24′11″E / 51.524°N 0.403°E / 51.524; 0.403

Horndon-on-the-Hill is a village and Church of England parish in the unitary authority of Thurrock, in the county of Essex, England. It is located close to the A13, around one mile northwest of Stanford-le-Hope and around two miles northeast of Orsett. The village area falls within the Orsett ward of Thurrock District Council.

Horndon-on-the-Hill has one church, the Church of St Peter and St Paul, which dates from the 13th century and is Grade I listed.[1] It also has a primary school, a recreational park and two public houses, The Swan and The Bell.


History[edit]

Horndon-on-the-Hill appears in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Horninduna, meaning "horn-shaped hill".[2] It may have been the site of the 11th-century Horndon mint, based on the survival of a single Anglo-Saxon penny from the village.

In the late 15th century, the lord of the manors of Arden Hall and Horndon House was Sir Edmund Shaa. Shaa was a supporter of Richard III and was knighted by him.[3] These manors remained in the Shaa family for several generations before passing to the Pooley family.

A woolmarket was established in the village in the early 16th century; the building later became a shelter for the poor people of the area.[4]

On the south wall of the church is a memorial to Thomas Higbed, who was burned at the stake in Horndon in 1555 and is included in Foxe's Book of Martyrs.[5]

Horndon-on-the-Hill is one of the seven conservation areas of Thurrock and was the first of the seven to be designated, in September 1969.[6]

Governance[edit]

Horndon-on-the-Hill belonged to the Barstable hundred of Essex, before becoming part of Orsett Rural District in 1894 and then part of Thurrock Urban District in 1936. In 1974, the urban district became the Borough of Thurrock under the Local Government Act 1972. The borough was given administrative independence from Essex County Council in 1998.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "St Peter and St Paul, Horndon-on-the-Hill". Thurrock Local History Society. Retrieved 28 March 2014. 
  2. ^ Mills, A.D., A Dictionary of British Place Names (Oxford University Press, 2011). ISBN 978-0-1996-0908-6
  3. ^ Tinworth, Winifred M (2005). Horndon on the Hill, Ancient and Modern. Daily Mail. p. 45. 
  4. ^ "The Horndon Woolmarket". Thurrock Council. Retrieved 28 March 2014. 
  5. ^ Christopher Harrold, Exploring Thurrock (Thurrock Local History Society, 2008)
  6. ^ "Conservation Areas in Thurrock". Thurrock Council. Retrieved 28 March 2014. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Horndon-on-the-Hill at Wikimedia Commons