|Public transit access||Forest Hill|
The Horniman Museum and Gardens is a British museum in Forest Hill, London, England. Commissioned in 1898, it opened in 1901 and was designed by Charles Harrison Townsend in the Arts and Crafts style.
The cash from the business allowed Horniman to indulge his lifelong passion for collecting, and which after travelling extensively had some 30,000 items in his various collections, ranging from natural history, cultural artefacts and musical instruments.
In 1911, an additional building to the west of the main building, originally containing a lecture hall and library, was donated by Frederick Horniman's son Emslie Horniman. This was also designed by Townsend. A new extension, opened in 2002, was designed by Allies and Morrison.
The Horniman specialises in anthropology, natural history and musical instruments and has a collection of 350,000 objects. The ethnography and music collections have Designated status. One of its most famous exhibits is the large collection of stuffed animals. It also has an aquarium noted for its [clarify].
|1st Floor||Ground Floor||Lower Ground Floor||Basement Floor
Access by stairs and lift
|Under 5s Book Zone
Natural History Balcony
Horniman Highlight Objects
3 Apostle Clock, England
Hands On Base
Natural History Gallery
Horniman Highlight Objects
1 Sand Painting, America
2 Walrus, Canada
|Temporary Exhibition Gallery
African Worlds Gallery
Security Reception from London Road
Horniman Highlight Objects
4 French Horn, England
5 Carlton Drum Kit, England
6 Torture Chair, Unknown
7 Kali with Shiva Figure, India
8 Benin Plaques, Nigeria
9 Ijele Mask, Nigeria
10 Coffin Lid, Egypt
|Service||Station/Stop||Lines/Routes served||Distance from
|London Buses||Horniman Museum||176, 185, 197, 356, P4|
|Horniman Park||363||260-metre walk|
|London Overground||Forest Hill||East London Line||650-metre walk|
The museum is set in 16 acres (65,000 m²) of gardens, which include the following features:
- A Grade II listed conservatory from 1894 which was moved from Horniman's family house in Croydon to the present site in the 1980s.
- A bandstand from 1912
- An enclosure for small animals
- A nature trail
- An ornamental garden
- Plants for materials; medicines; foods and dyes
- A sound garden with large musical instruments for playing
- A new building, the Pavilion, for working on materials that are outside of the collections, such as from the gardens.
On the London Road wall of the main building is a neoclassical mosaic mural entitled Humanity in the House of Circumstance, designed by Robert Anning Bell and assembled by a group of young women over the course of 210 days. Composed of more than 117,000 individual tesserae, it measures 10 feet by 32 feet and symbolises personal aspirations and limitations.
The three figures on the far left represent Art, Poetry and Music, standing by a doorway symbolising birth, while the armed figure represents Endurance. The two kneeling figures represent Love and Hope, while the central figure symbolises Humanity. Charity stands to the right bearing figs and wine, followed by white-haired Wisdom holding a staff, and a seated figure representing Meditation. Finally, a figure symbolising Resignation stands by the right-hand doorway, which represents death.
A 20-foot (6.1 m) red cedar totem pole stands outside the museum's main entrance. It was carved in 1985 as part of the American Arts Festival by Nathan Jackson, a Tlingit native Alaskan. The carvings on the pole depict figures from Alaskan legend of a girl who married a bear, with an eagle (Jackson's clan crest) at the top. The pole is one of only a handful of totem poles in the United Kingdom, others being on display at the British Museum, the National Museum of Scotland in Edinburgh, Windsor Great Park, Bushy Park, the Yorkshire Sculpture Park, and at Alsford's Wharf in Berkhamsted. There is also a totem pole in the Royal Albert Memorial museum in Exeter. It is displayed in their World Cultures galleries.
The Horniman Museum contains the CUE (Centre for Understanding the Environment) building. This opened in 1996 and was designed by local architects Archetype using methods developed by Walter Segal. The building has a grass roof and was constructed from sustainable materials. It also incorporates passive ventilation.
- Horniman Museum and Gardens accessed 02/01/08
- Charity Commission. Horniman Public Museum and Public Park Trust, registered charity no. 802725.
- "Horniman Public Museum and Public Park Trust - GOV.UK". www.gov.uk.
- "Horniman Museum". Time Out London.
- "Walking directions to '''Horniman Museum''' from '''Horniman Park''' bus stop". Maps.google.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-06-25.
- "Walking directions to '''Horniman Museum''' from '''Forest Hill''' railway station". Maps.google.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-06-25.
- "FAQs – Horniman Museum". Saatchi Gallery. Retrieved 2013-03-24.
- Jacqueline Banerjee. "The Horniman Museum by Charles Harrison Townsend". The Victorian Web. Retrieved 2013-03-24.
- "Main entrance". Horniman Museum. Retrieved 18 August 2010.
- Tearle, John (1998). The Berkhamsted Totem Pole. Lillydown House. ISBN 978-0-9528131-1-8. p.3
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Horniman Museum.|
- Official website
- Forest Hill image gallery
- urban75 photo feature
- Review and Visitor Information for the Horniman Museum