Hornitos are conical structures built up by lava ejected through an opening in the crust of a lava flow. Hornitos are similar to spatter cones but are rootless, meaning they were once a source of lava but that source was not directly associated with a true vent or magma source. They are usually created by the slow upwelling of lava through the roof of a lava tube. High pressure causes lava to ooze and spatter out. The lava builds up on the surface and solidifies creating the initial structure. Hornitos can grow and exceed 10 meters in height.
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- Larson, Charles V. (1993). "An Illustrated Glossary of Lava Tube Features": 56.
- VHP Photo Glossary: Hornito, 2009-02-25, retrieved 2009-08-18
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