Hornitos, California

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Hornitos
Hornitos street view
Hornitos street view
Location in Mariposa County, California
Location in Mariposa County, California
Hornitos is located in California
Hornitos
Hornitos
Hornitos is located in the United States
Hornitos
Hornitos
Coordinates: 37°30′08″N 120°14′18″W / 37.50222°N 120.23833°W / 37.50222; -120.23833Coordinates: 37°30′08″N 120°14′18″W / 37.50222°N 120.23833°W / 37.50222; -120.23833
Country United States
State California
CountyMariposa
Area
 • Total1.154 sq mi (2.99 km2)
 • Land1.154 sq mi (2.99 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)  0%
Elevation843 ft (257 m)
Population
 (2020)[3]
 • Total38
 • Density33/sq mi (13/km2)
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific (PST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP Code
95325
GNIS feature IDs1659736[2]
2628740[4]
Reference no.333[5]

Hornitos (Spanish for "Little ovens") is a census-designated place[6] in Mariposa County, California, United States.[2] It is located on Burns Creek 25 miles (40 km) by road south of Coulterville, at an elevation of 843 feet (257 m).[2] The population was 38 at the 2020 census,[3] down from 75 at the 2010 census.

The town is featured in the 1962 film Ride the High Country as the nearest town for active mining in the nearby mountains.

History[edit]

The Hornitas post office opened in 1856 and changed its name to Hornitos in 1877.[7] The name, meaning "little ovens" in Spanish,[7] was derived from the community's old Mexican tombstones that were built in the shape of little square bake ovens.[5] Hornitos is registered as California Historical Landmark #333.[5]

Domingo Ghirardelli had a general store here between 1856 and 1859, where he perfected his chocolate recipes. The remains of the store can still be seen in town.[8]

Hornitos was disincorporated by state statute in 1973.[9]

Geography[edit]

Hornitos is in western Mariposa County, 18 miles (29 km) west of Mariposa, the county seat, and 31 miles (50 km) northeast of Merced. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP covers an area of 1.15 square miles (3.0 km2), all of it land.[1] Burns Creek flows through the center of town, running southwest to join Bear Creek, a tributary of the San Joaquin River, in Merced County.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

The 2010 United States Census[11] reported that Hornitos had a population of 75. The population density was 64.3 inhabitants per square mile (24.8/km2). The racial makeup of Hornitos was 66 (88.0%) White, 0 (0.0%) African American, 2 (2.7%) Native American, 1 (1.3%) Asian, 0 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 0 (0.0%) from other races, and 6 (8.0%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5 persons (6.7%).

The Census reported that 75 people (100% of the population) lived in households, 0 (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.

There were 34 households, out of which 7 (20.6%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 15 (44.1%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 3 (8.8%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1 (2.9%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1 (2.9%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 0 (0%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 12 households (35.3%) were made up of individuals, and 8 (23.5%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21. There were 19 families (55.9% of all households); the average family size was 3.00.

The population was spread out, with 14 people (18.7%) under the age of 18, 2 people (2.7%) aged 18 to 24, 17 people (22.7%) aged 25 to 44, 20 people (26.7%) aged 45 to 64, and 22 people (29.3%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 52.3 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 110.3 males.

There were 43 housing units at an average density of 36.9 per square mile (14.2/km2), of which 17 (50.0%) were owner-occupied, and 17 (50.0%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0%; the rental vacancy rate was 10.5%. 40 people (53.3% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 35 people (46.7%) lived in rental housing units.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "2021 U.S. Gazetteer Files: California". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 25, 2022.
  2. ^ a b c d U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Hornitos, California
  3. ^ a b "P1. Race – Hornitos CDP, California: 2020 DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 25, 2022.
  4. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Hornitos Census Designated Place
  5. ^ a b c "Hornitos". Office of Historic Preservation, California State Parks. Retrieved 2012-10-09.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Hornitos, California
  7. ^ a b Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Clovis, Calif.: Word Dancer Press. p. 783. ISBN 1-884995-14-4.
  8. ^ "Hornitos California".
  9. ^ "Municipal Disincorporation in California" (PDF). California Local Government Finance Alamanac. January 1, 2009. Retrieved February 13, 2017.
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  11. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Hornitos CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014.