Hornussen, Aargau

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For the Swiss sport, see Hornussen.
Hornussen
Hornussen AG winter.jpg
Coat of arms of Hornussen
Coat of arms
Hornussen is located in Switzerland
Hornussen
Hornussen
Hornussen is located in Canton of Aargau
Hornussen
Hornussen
Coordinates: 47°30′N 8°4′E / 47.500°N 8.067°E / 47.500; 8.067Coordinates: 47°30′N 8°4′E / 47.500°N 8.067°E / 47.500; 8.067
Country Switzerland
Canton Aargau
District Laufenburg
Area[1]
 • Total 7.27 km2 (2.81 sq mi)
Elevation 382 m (1,253 ft)
Population (Dec 2015[2])
 • Total 935
 • Density 130/km2 (330/sq mi)
Postal code 5075
SFOS number 4167
Surrounded by Bözen, Elfingen, Frick, Ittenthal, Sulz, Ueken, Zeihen
Website www.hornussen.ch
SFSO statistics

Hornussen is a municipality in the district of Laufenburg in the canton of Aargau in Switzerland.

History[edit]

Scattered archeological discoveries indicate that the land that would become Hornussen was lightly occupied during the Stone Age. During the Roman era, it was located on the important route over the Bözberg. However, the first mention of Hornussen is in 1281 as Hornescon.[3] Until the 1802 Act of Mediation, all manor rights to the village were held by collegiate church of Säckingen. Until 1797 it was part of the Austrian-Habsburg Rheinfelden District. Since 1803 Hornussen has belong to the Canton of Aargau. Starting in the 15th Century, the Manor of Hornussen had a formal special status within the Habsburg territory. The lord of the manor was the court of appeals for all of Säckingen and also the economic center of the district. This is evident in the administration building from 1595, and other late gothic houses along the Bözbergstrasse. Thanks to its location on the border to the Bernese Aargau, the village remained largely spared destruction by war, which is why many of the old buildings were preserved.[3]

The rights to appoint the pastor of the church of St. Mauritius was held by the church at Säckingen. The present building dates from 1710-12. As early as 1600 there was an annual pilgrimage from the village to Todtmoos in the Black Forest.

Besides agriculture, the hospitality industry played a major role in Hornussen starting in the Middle Ages. It was a changing station for the first stage in crossing the Bözberg. In the 19th Century the home straw plaiting industry entered the village, and at the end of the 19th Century a popular wine was produced in the region. Hornussen was connected to the Bözbergbahn train line in 1875. Nevertheless, the migration to the industrial regions and overseas was considerable. In 1917, the predecessor of today's soap and cosmetics factory was founded. Since 1996, the A3 motorway has reduced the amount of through traffic in the village. In 2000, four fifths of the population of commuters.[3]

Geography[edit]

Hornussen has an area, as of 2009, of 7.27 square kilometers (2.81 sq mi). Of this area, 3.56 km2 (1.37 sq mi) or 49.0% is used for agricultural purposes, while 2.9 km2 (1.1 sq mi) or 39.9% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.82 km2 (0.32 sq mi) or 11.3% is settled (buildings or roads), 0.04 km2 (9.9 acres) or 0.6% is either rivers or lakes.[4]

Of the built up area, housing and buildings made up 3.9% and transportation infrastructure made up 6.6%. Of the wooded land, 38.1% of the total land area is heavily forested and 1.8% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land, 34.1% is used for growing crops and 12.0% is pastures, while 2.9% is used for orchards or vine crops. All the water in the municipality is in rivers and streams.[4]

The municipality is located in the Laufenburg district, in the upper Fricktal (Frick river valley). It grew out of the construction below the church hill during the 18th and 19th Centuries. It consists of the linear village of Hornussen. The municipalities of Bözen, Effingen, Elfingen, Hornussen and Zeihen are considering a merger some time in the future into a new municipality with an as yet (as of 2010) undetermined name.[5]

Coat of arms[edit]

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Gules a Ploughshare inverted and on a Chief Argent three Mullets of Five of the first in fess.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Hornussen has a population (as of December 2015) of 935[7] As of June 2009, 13.4% of the population are foreign nationals.[8] Over the last 10 years (1997–2007) the population has changed at a rate of 13.8%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (91.3%), with Italian being second most common (2.5%) and Albanian being third (1.8%).[9]

The age distribution, as of 2008, in Hornussen is; 79 children or 8.9% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 111 teenagers or 12.5% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 119 people or 13.4% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 134 people or 15.1% are between 30 and 39, 152 people or 17.2% are between 40 and 49, and 130 people or 14.7% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 79 people or 8.9% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 42 people or 4.7% are between 70 and 79, there are 29 people or 3.3% who are between 80 and 89,and there are 10 people or 1.1% who are 90 and older.[10]

As of 2000 the average number of residents per living room was 0.61 which is about equal to the cantonal average of 0.57 per room. In this case, a room is defined as space of a housing unit of at least 4 m2 (43 sq ft) as normal bedrooms, dining rooms, living rooms, kitchens and habitable cellars and attics.[11] About 63.6% of the total households were owner occupied, or in other words did not pay rent (though they may have a mortgage or a rent-to-own agreement).[12]

As of 2000, there were 25 homes with 1 or 2 persons in the household, 172 homes with 3 or 4 persons in the household, and 108 homes with 5 or more persons in the household.[13] As of 2000, there were 315 private households (homes and apartments) in the municipality, and an average of 2.6 persons per household.[9] In 2008 there were 177 single family homes (or 45.6% of the total) out of a total of 388 homes and apartments.[14] There were a total of 3 empty apartments for a 0.8% vacancy rate.[14] As of 2007, the construction rate of new housing units was 11.7 new units per 1000 residents.[9]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 42.4% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the CVP (27.3%), the SP (10.4%) and the Green Party (5.9%).[9]

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Hornussen about 74.7% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[9] Of the school age population (in the 2008/2009 school year), there are 54 students attending primary school in the municipality.[13]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1768 387 —    
1850 766 +97.9%
1900 590 −23.0%
1950 631 +6.9%
2000 816 +29.3%

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

Säckinger Amtshaus, built in 1594

The former Säckinger Amtshaus at Hauptstrasse 37 is listed as a Swiss heritage site of national significance.[15] The entire village of Hornussen is designated as part of the Inventory of Swiss Heritage Sites.[16]

Economy[edit]

As of 2007, Hornussen had an unemployment rate of 2.42%. As of 2005, there were 42 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 15 businesses involved in this sector. 61 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 8 businesses in this sector. 68 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 21 businesses in this sector.[9]

In 2000 there were 430 workers who lived in the municipality. Of these, 358 or about 83.3% of the residents worked outside Hornussen while 116 people commuted into the municipality for work. There were a total of 188 jobs (of at least 6 hours per week) in the municipality.[17] Of the working population, 18.8% used public transportation to get to work, and 54.6% used a private car.[9]

Religion[edit]

Hornussen church

From the 2000 census, 445 or 54.5% were Roman Catholic, while 219 or 26.8% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there were 4 individuals (or about 0.49% of the population) who belonged to the Christian Catholic faith.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (German) accessed 30 August 2016
  3. ^ a b c d Hornussen in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (German) accessed 25 March 2010
  5. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 14 January 2010
  6. ^ Flags of the World.com accessed 6 May 2010
  7. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (German) accessed 30 August 2016
  8. ^ Statistical Department of Canton Aargau -Bereich 01 -Bevölkerung (German) accessed 20 January 2010
  9. ^ a b c d e f g Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived 5 January 2016 at the Wayback Machine. accessed 6 May 2010
  10. ^ Statistical Department of Canton Aargau -Bevölkerungsdaten für den Kanton Aargau und die Gemeinden (Archiv) (German) accessed 20 January 2010
  11. ^ Eurostat. "Housing (SA1)". Urban Audit Glossary (PDF). 2007. p. 18. Archived from the original (pdf) on 14 November 2009. Retrieved 12 February 2010. 
  12. ^ Urban Audit Glossary pg 17
  13. ^ a b c Statistical Department of Canton Aargau - Aargauer Zahlen 2009 (German) accessed 20 January 2010
  14. ^ a b Statistical Department of Canton Aargau (German) accessed 20 January 2010
  15. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance Archived 1 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine. 21.11.2008 version, (German) accessed 6 May 2010
  16. ^ ISOS site accessed 6 May 2010
  17. ^ Statistical Department of Canton Aargau-Bereich 11 Verkehr und Nachrichtenwesen (German) accessed 21 January 2010

External links[edit]