Horodok, Lviv Oblast

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Horodok
Городок
City
Flag of Horodok
Flag
Coat of arms of Horodok
Coat of arms
Horodok is located in Lviv Oblast
Horodok
Horodok
Location in Ukraine
Coordinates: 49°47′00″N 23°38′40″E / 49.78333°N 23.64444°E / 49.78333; 23.64444Coordinates: 49°47′00″N 23°38′40″E / 49.78333°N 23.64444°E / 49.78333; 23.64444
CountryUkraine
RegionLviv Oblast
DistrictHorodok Raion
Area
 • Total30 km2 (10 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total15,825
 • Density530/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Postal code81500
Area codes+380 3231
Websiteмісто Городок (Ukrainian)

Horodok (Ukrainian: Городо́к, Polish: Gródek) is a city in Lviv Oblast (region) of Ukraine. It is the administrative center of Horodok Raion. Population: 15,959 (2013 est.)[1].

History[edit]

First mentioned by Nestor the Chronicler in the Primary Chronicle. Also, the Galician–Volhynian Chronicle mentions that the King Daniel of Galicia came to Horodok with his forces to join Mstislav Mstislavich the Bold while they fought with Polish-Hungarians over the Galician land.

In the mid-14th century, together with whole Kingdom of Rus, the settlement was annexed by the Kingdom of Poland. Its name was changed into Gródek, and it remained in Poland for the next 400 years. In 1372, king Jagiello founded here a Roman Catholic parish, also during the reign of Jagiello, Gródek received Magdeburg rights. This was the place where King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania Jagiello died on 1 June 1434.

Until the Partitions of Poland, Gródek was part of Ruthenian Voivodeship. A battle between Polish and Cossack forces took place here in 1655 (see Battle of Horodok (1655)), in which Bohdan Khmelnytsky defeated Polish forces and than laid siege to Lviv.

In 1772, Gródek was annexed by the Habsburg Empire, as part of Austrian Galicia, where it remained until late 1918. German-speaking settlers established their own colony, called Vorderberg (1788). Austrian authorities closed local Franciscan monastery, turning it into a military depot. In 1903, a monument of Wladyslaw Jagiello was unveiled here, and in 1906, the name of the town was changed from Gródek to Gródek Jagielloński, in honour of the king. During World War I, Horodok was twice the location of fierce battles: In the Battle of Gródek (1914), the advancing Russian army captured the town from Austria-Hungary, and a year later, a combined German and Austro-Hungarian force fought the Russians in the Battle of Gródek (1915).

In the Second Polish Republic, Gródek was the seat of a county in Lwow Voivodeship. The town had three Roman Catholic churches, one Greek-Catholic, and a synagogue. It also was a military garrison, where a unit of Polish Army’s 5th Infantry Division was stationed. According to the 1921 census, Poles made 72% of the population, Ukrainians 26%, and Jews 2%.

During the Invasion of Poland, Gródek was captured by the Wehrmacht on 13 September 1939, and later taken over by the Red Army. From 1945-1991 a part of the Soviet Union, returning its historical name Horodok (Городок). Since 1991 it is part of Ukraine.

Churches and Monasteries[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Religious Buildings in Horodok, Lviv Oblast[edit]

number The name description address file
Horodok Administrative center of the Horodok Raion in Lviv Oblast (province) of Ukraine
Map of Lviv Oblast highlighting Horodok Raion.png
001 Church of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Stone).[3] Church of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary 1633 (Stone). Horodok, Lviv Oblast. (Architectural memo in the city Horodok) st. Kotsyubynskogo, 5
Церква Благовіщення. Городок..JPG
ЦЕРКВА БЛАГОВІЩЕННЯ ПРЕСВЯТОЇ БОГОРОДИЦІ, 1633 р.JPG
002 St. John the Baptist Church[4] Church of St. John the Baptist 1754 (wood). Horodok, Lviv Oblast.((Architectural memo in the city Horodok)) st. Stusa, 12
Церква Святого Івана Хрестителя.JPG
003 Roman Catholic Church the Exaltation of the Holy Cross.[5] Roman Catholic Church the Exaltation of the Holy Cross. Church (the Gothic part) was built at the expense of King Wladyslaw Jagiello.((Architectural memo in the city Horodok)) Lvivska Street, 4
Костел Здвиження Святого Хреста..JPG
М.Городок. Костел Воздвиження Святого Хреста..JPG
Exaltation of the Holy Cross Roman Catholic Church. Horodok.JPG
Городок . Костел Воздвиження Чесного Хреста. (фрагмент).JPG
004 Church of the Transfiguration in Horodok.[6] Church of the Transfiguration in Horodok, 15th century (the former Franciscan monastery). st. Park, 3
20.Городок.Костел Францисканів (мур.).Фото.JPG
Church of the Transfiguration in Horodok.JPG
005 Church of the Holy Spirit.[7] Church of the Holy Spirit, which was built on the site of the Roman Catholic chapel of St. Barbara. Lvivska Street, 79
Городок. Церква Святого Духа.JPG
Greek Catholic church of the Holy Spirit in Horodok.JPG
006 Church of St. Nicholas with a bell tower (1510).[8] Church of St. Nicholas with a bell tower (1510). Built on the site of a wooden church of St. Nicholas of Myra. Street. St. Nicholas
Церква Святого Миколая з дзвіницею (1510 р.).JPG
007 St. Volodymyr & Olga Church. St. Volodymyr & Olga Church. Horodok (Dovzhanka), Lviv Oblast. Horodok (Dovzhanka)
Horodok, Lviv Oblast. St. Volodymyr & Olga Church.JPG
008 The Church of the Beheading of St. John the Baptist The Church of the Beheading of St. John the Baptist Horodok, Cherlyany faubourg Horodok(Cherlyany faubourg)
The Church of the Beheading of St. John the Baptist. Horodok.JPG
Beheading of St. John the Baptist Church in Horodok.JPG

People from Horodok[edit]

  • Petro Vergun - Ukrainian Greek Catholic priest, Blessed Hieromartyr
  • Stepan Bilak – Ukrainian politician, envoy to the Polish Sejm in the 1920s and 1930s
  • Franciszek Duszenko – Polish sculptor, rector of Academy of Fine Arts in Gdańsk
  • Tadeusz Kaniowski – Polish radiologist and physician
  • Jan Pawel Lenga – Roman Catholic bishop
  • Roman Lysko - Ukrainian Greek Catholic priest and martyr
  • Ross Martin - American actor, emigrated to the United States as an infant
  • Les Martovych (1871 - 1916),[9] Ukrainian writer, lawyer, and community activist from 1899 to 1903
  • Jerzy Sawicki – Polish legal expert and law professor
  • Hipolit Sliwinski – Polish architect and politician, envoy to the Sejm

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — sister cities[edit]

Horodok is twinned with:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
  2. ^ Українська Церковна Архітектура, Церква св. Іоана Хрестителя 1754 рік(in Ukrainian)
  3. ^ Церква Благовіщення УГКЦ (XIV ст.).(in Ukrainian)
  4. ^ Городок. Св. Івана Хрестителя 1754(in Ukrainian)
  5. ^ Костел Воздвиження Чесного Хреста.(in Ukrainian)
  6. ^ ГОРОДОЦЬКИЙ ДЕКАНАТ, Храм Преображення Господнього(in Ukrainian)
  7. ^ Церква Святого Духа(in Ukrainian)
  8. ^ Церква Св.Миколая (in Ukrainian)
  9. ^ Martovych, Les

External links[edit]