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Horonaim (Hebrew: חוֹרֹנַיִם)‎[1] is a city in Moab, mentioned in two Hebrew Bible oracles against the nation of Moab: in the Book of Jeremiah (48), and in the Book of Isaiah, (15). In 2 Samuel (13:34), an addition from the Septuagint text (ὁδοῦ τῆς ῾Ωρωνῆν) is sometimes translated as Horonaim (in e.g. NIV, ISV), although it possibly derives from as little as a preposition.[2]

There is some reason to identify Horonaim with the city Horonan (Hebrew: חורננ‎), named in the Mesha Stele (lines 31 and 32).[3] The name may derive from the god Horon,[4] or from Western Semitic words for cave, cavern, hollow or valley.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hebrew word #2773 in Strong's Concordance
  2. ^ Fincke, Andrew (2001). The Samuel scroll from Qumran : 4qSama restored and compared to the Septuagint and 4Samc. Leiden: Brill. p. 215. ISBN 9004123709.
  3. ^ Hallo, William W; Younger, K. Lawson, eds. (2003). The Context of Scripture: Canonical compositions, monumental inscriptions and archival documents from the biblical world. II. Brill. p. 138, note g. ISBN 1423714490.
  4. ^ van der Toorn, Karel; Becking, Bob; Willem van der Horst, Pieter (1999). "Horon". Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible. Eerdmans. p. 425. ISBN 9780802824912.
  5. ^  Easton, Matthew George (1897). "Horonaim". Easton's Bible Dictionary (New and revised ed.). T. Nelson and Sons.; and Strong's Hebrew, both in [1].