Horrorcore

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Not to be confused with Horror punk.

Horrorcore is a subgenre of hip hop music based on horror-themed and often darkly transgressive lyrical content and imagery. Its origins derived from certain hardcore hip hop and gangsta rap artists, such as the Geto Boys, who began to incorporate supernatural, occult, or psychological horror themes into their lyrics and, unlike most gangsta rap artists, pushed the violent content and imagery in their lyrics beyond the realm of realistic urban violence to the point where the violent lyrics became gruesome, ghoulish, unsettling, or slasher film or splatter film-esque. While exaggerated violence and the supernatural are common in horrorcore, the genre also frequently presents more realistic yet still disturbing portrayals of mental illness and drug abuse. The term horrorcore was popularized by openly horror-influenced hip hop groups such as Flatlinerz and Gravediggaz.

Characteristics[edit]

Horrorcore defines a style of hip hop music that focuses primarily on dark, violent, gothic, transgressive, macabre and/or horror-influenced topics that can include death, psychosis, psychological horror, mental illness, satanism, self-harm, cannibalism, mutilation, necrophilia, suicide, murder, torture, rape, drug abuse, and often supernatural or occult themes. The lyrics are often inspired by horror movies over moody, hardcore beats.[1] According to rapper Mars, "If you take Stephen King or Wes Craven and you throw them on a rap beat, that's who I am."[2] Horrorcore was described by Entertainment Weekly in 1995 as a "blend of hardcore rap and bloodthirsty metal."[3] The lyrical content of horrorcore is sometimes described as being similar to that of death metal, and some have referred to the genre as death rap.[4] Horrorcore artists often feature dark imagery in their music videos and base musical elements of songs upon horror film scores.[4]

Origins[edit]

It has been argued that Jimmy Spicer's 1980 single "Adventures of Super Rhyme" was perhaps the first example of anything that resembled horrorcore, due to the segment of the song in which Spicer recounts his experience of meeting Dracula. Following this were groups like Dr. Jeckyll and Mr. Hyde, and songs like Dana Dane's "Nightmares," which spun more frightening, imaginative narratives.[5]

Since 1983, Ganxsta N.I.P. has performed horror-themed lyrics which he described as "Psycho Rap", but was not commonly considered to be horrorcore until the term came into mainstream prominence.[6] Ganxsta N.I.P. has written lyrics for other groups, including Geto Boys.[6]

In 1988, DJ Jazzy Jeff & The Fresh Prince released "A Nightmare on My Street", which described an encounter with Freddy Krueger,[5] and the Fat Boys recorded the similarly-themed "Are You Ready for Freddy" for the film A Nightmare on Elm Street 4: The Dream Master and its soundtrack.[5]

While Kool Keith later claimed to have "invented horrorcore",[7] the first use of the term appeared on the group KMC's 1991 album Three Men With the Power of Ten.[5] Nonetheless, Kool Keith brought significant attention to horror-influenced hip hop with the 1996 release of his horror and science-fiction-influenced, absurdist, trippy, experimental album Dr. Octagonecologyst.

History[edit]

Scarface, of the group Geto Boys, whose violent, horror-themed lyrics have been singled out as the first recorded example of horrorcore.

The Geto Boys' debut album, Making Trouble, contained the dark and violent horror-influenced track "Assassins", which was cited by Joseph Bruce (Violent J of the horrorcore group Insane Clown Posse) in his book Behind The Paint, as the first recorded horrorcore song. He said that the Geto Boys continued to pioneer the style with its second release, Grip It! On That Other Level, with songs such as "Mind of a Lunatic" and "Trigga-Happy Nigga."[8] The Geto Boys' 1991 album, We Can't Be Stopped, was also influential on the horrorcore genre and contained themes of paranoia, depression, and psychological horror, especially in the track "Chuckie," and "Mind Playing Tricks on Me".[9][10]

While rappers in the underground scene continued to release horrorcore music, including Big L,[11] Insane Poetry,[12] and Insane Clown Posse,[5] the mid-90s brought an attempted mainstream crossover of the genre.[5]

In 1994, according to Icons of Hip Hop, horrorcore gained prominence in 1994 with the release of Flatlinerz' U.S.A. (Under Satan's Authority) and Gravediggaz' 6 Feet Deep (released overseas as Niggamortis).[13][14][15][16]

In 1995, an independent horror film called The Fear was released, which included a soundtrack which consisted entirely of horrorcore songs, including Insane Clown Posse's biggest radio hit, "Dead Body Man".[5]

The genre is not popular with mainstream audiences as a whole; however, performers such as Insane Clown Posse and Twiztid have sold well.[13] The genre has thrived in Internet culture and sustains an annual super show in Detroit called Wickedstock.[17] Every Halloween since 2003, Horrorcore artists worldwide get together online and release a free compilation titled Devilz Nite.[18] According to the January 2004 BBC documentary Underground USA, the subgenre "has a massive following across the US" and "is spreading to Europe".[17] Rolling Stone in 2007 referred to it as a short-lived trend that generated more shlock than shock.[19] New York Magazine put horrorcore in the spotlight by listing off the ten most horrifying horrorcore rappers.[20] Spin asked Violent J of Insane Clown Posse to list off his favorite horrorcore songs. Songs included, The Dayton Family's "What's On My Mind", Bone Thugs-N-Harmony's "Mr. Ouija", Necro's "Billie Jean 2005", and Michael Jackson's "Thriller".[21]

Notable artists[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Meyer, Frank. (2004-10-28) Frankly Speaking: Halloween Horror-core Hip Hop g4tv. Retrieved 2008-09-14.
  2. ^ Darcy, Pohland. (May 19, 2005) The dark world Of Horrorcore music WCCO-TV. Accessed November 4, 2007.
  3. ^ Browne, David. (24 Feb 1995) Fifth anniversary music Entertainment Weekly. Accessed November 4, 2007.
  4. ^ a b Strauss, Neil (September 18, 1994). "When Rap Meets the Undead". The New York Times. Retrieved April 25, 2009. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Chaz Kangas. "The History of Horrorcore Rap". LA Weekly. Retrieved April 15, 2014. 
  6. ^ a b "AllHipHop » Ganxta NIP: The Psycho Becomes A God Of Horrorcore". AllHipHop. Retrieved 26 March 2015. 
  7. ^ Kane; QED (July 19, 2007). "Kool Keith Interview". Original UK Hip Hop. Retrieved 2008-08-04. 
  8. ^ Bruce, Joseph; Hobey Echlin (August 2003). "The Dark Carnival". In Nathan Fostey. ICP: Behind the Paint (second ed.). Royal Oak, Michigan: Psychopathic Records. pp. 174–185. ISBN 0-9741846-0-8. 
  9. ^ Sciaccotta, J.C. "Geto Boys - "Mind Playing Tricks on Me"". Popmatters.com. PopMatters. Retrieved 11 December 2015. 
  10. ^ "#1: Geto Boys "Mind Playing Tricks On Me"". Complex.com. Complex Magazine. Retrieved 11 December 2015. 
  11. ^ "Fright Night". Vibe. November 2004. p. 74. 
  12. ^ a b Cordor, Cyril. "Biography of Insane Poetry". Allmusic. Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f Hess, Danielle (2007). "Hip Hop and Horror". In Hess, Mickey. Icons of Hip Hop. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 369. ISBN 0-313-33903-1. 
  14. ^ a b c Passantino, Dom. (07 Jan 2005) Top ten Hip-Hop gimmicks of all time Stylus Magazine. Accessed November 4, 2007.
  15. ^ a b Fernando Jr., S.H. (September 18, 2007) The Pick, The Sickle & The Shovel Rolling Stone Accessed November 4, 2007. (archived
  16. ^ Gravediggaz star loses cancer battle. NME (16 July 2001) Accessed November 4, 2007.
  17. ^ a b Underground USA BBC. Accessed November 4, 2007
  18. ^ http://kikaxemusic.com/reviews/album-reviews/item/193-examining-the-annual-devilz-nite Archived July 13, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  19. ^ Fernando Jr., S.H. (September 18, 2007) The Pick, the Sickle & the Shovel Rolling Stone Accessed November 4, 2007.
  20. ^ Fennessey, Sean. "The Ten Most Horrifying Horrorcore Rappers". Vulture. New York. Retrieved 4 October 2012. 
  21. ^ Schultz, Christopher. "Insane Clown Posse's Violent J Picks 11 Horrorcore Classics". Spin. Buzz Media. Retrieved 4 October 2012. 
  22. ^ "Throwback Thursday: Top 10 Horrorcore Anthems For Halloween Okayplayer". Okayplayer. Retrieved 26 March 2015. 
  23. ^ Daniel, Jamila (April 1995). "Uptown Renaissance: Big L". The Source (67): 36. ISSN 1063-2085.
  24. ^ Detroit's scariest Rap music [1]/
  25. ^ Cordor, Cyril. "Blaze Ya Dead Homie > Biography". Allmusic. Retrieved 2008-07-14. 
  26. ^ Macias, Chris. (December 5, 2006). The king of gore, Brotha Lynch reigns over local hip-hop movement The Sacramento Bee. Accessed November 29, 2007.
  27. ^ Faraone, Chris (November 30, 2007). "Shia LaBeouf: Horror-Core MC? Transformers star hopes to play indie rapper Cage in biopic". Spin. Retrieved 2008-06-27. 
  28. ^ Montgomery, James (May 18, 2009). "Shia LaBeouf-Directed Video Puts Cage's Dark Hip-Hop On The Map". MTV News. Retrieved May 26, 2009. 
  29. ^ Reeves, Mosi (July 8, 2004). "World Famous". New Times Broward-Palm Beach. Retrieved 31 March 2009. 
  30. ^ a b Cohen, Sara (2007). Decline, Renewal and the City in Popular Music Culture: Beyond The Beatles. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 52. ISBN 0-7546-3243-1. The music journalist and author Dan Sicko describes certain strains of Detroit hip-hop as 'an extreme, almost parodied' version of inner city life, which he links to the extremities of urban decline in the city: 'both the horrorcore of hip-hop outfits such as Insane Clown Posse, Esham and (to a lesser extent) the multi-platinum-selling Eminem, utilize shocking (and blatantly over the top) narratives to give an over-exaggerated, almost cartoon-like version of urban deprivation in Detroit' (cited in Cohen and Strachan, 2005). 
  31. ^ Reeves, Mosi (July 29, 2016). %5b%5bHouston Press%5d%5d "Desiigner Finally Finds His Voice On "Timmy Turner"" Check |url= value (help). Retrieved 28 April 2016. 
  32. ^ Caldwell, Brandon (2016). Desiigner Finally Finds His Voice On "Timmy Turner". Houston Press, LP. If you hadn’t guessed, “Timmy Turner” is not the skull-rattling drive that “Panda” was. It’s darker, even if the subject matter shrinks behind the massive lead-in. It’s still the best thing Desiigner has come up with, and that includes his New English mixtape. The anarchy that bled through “Panda” is replaced with something temporarily more substantial. They’re both nihilistic in content, but one pulls people inward far more urgently than the other. And the main victor in the entire narrative is someone most (read: me) wrote off after the initial success of “Panda."' (cited in Desiigner Finally Finds His Voice On "Timmy Turner", 2016). 
  33. ^ Hernandez, Pedro. "Review of N of Tha World". Rap Reviews. Retrieved 2008-08-04. 
  34. ^ http://www.murderdog.com/april_2009/old/evil_pimp.html
  35. ^ Mickey Hess (2007). Is Hip Hop Dead?: The Past, Present, and Future of America's Most Wanted Music. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 0275994619. Alice Cooper's horror-movie imagery may have inspired the hip hop genre known as horrorcore, in which artists like Ganxsta N.I.P., Gravediggaz, and The Flatlinerz imbue their lyrics with stories of horrific torture and murder. 
  36. ^ Peter Shapiro (2005). The Rough Guide to Hip-Hop. Rough Guides. ISBN 9781843532637. He calls his black-metal schtick "acid rap" and his splatter patter has influenced everyone from horrorcore artists the Flatlinerz to Motown neighbours Kid Rock, Insane Clown Posse, Kottonmouth Kingz and Eminem 
  37. ^ "The Story Behind Def Jam's Worst-Selling, and Most Misunderstood, Album Ever". Village Voice.  (31 October 2014)
  38. ^ http://hiphopdx.com, HipHopDX -. "Ganxsta Nip Discusses Writing The Geto Boys' "Chuckie," Being "God Of Horrorcore Rap"". Retrieved 24 November 2016. 
  39. ^ "Grave Plott :: The Plott Thickens :: Strange Music". Retrieved 24 November 2016. 
  40. ^ http://www.laweekly.com/music/ho99o9-is-bringing-its-punk-rap-revolution-to-la-5447751
  41. ^ Noah Hubbell. "Horrorcore: From Esham to Hopsin, a look at the history of rap's most terrifying subgenre". Westword. Retrieved 26 March 2015. 
  42. ^ a b Hess, Mickey. Icons of Hip Hop: An Encyclopedia of the Movement, Music, and Culture, Volume 2, p. 369. Greenwood Publishing Group, 2007 ISBN 9780313339042
  43. ^ Righi, Len. (9 April 2007) King Gordy keeps up lighting up the dark Pop Matters. Accessed November 4, 2007.
  44. ^ Noah Hubbell. "Horrorcore: From Esham to Hopsin, a look at the history of rap's most terrifying subgenre". Westword. Retrieved 26 March 2015. 
  45. ^ The Jimmy Star Show - Cool Radio. "Hit Horrorcore Rapper Kung Fu Vampire to Guest on The Jimmy Star Show Radio Show October 27 2010". Retrieved 26 March 2015. 
  46. ^ Bulwa, Demian (September 23, 2009). "Bay Area suspect allegedly bludgeoned victims". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2009-09-24. 
  47. ^ http://www.horrorcorenews.net/horrorcore-news-interviews-necro/
  48. ^ NECRO. "NECRO's Official Blog". Retrieved 26 March 2015. 
  49. ^ McKinney, Devin. (2004-09-14) Real horror show The American Prospect. Retrieved 2008-10-14.
  50. ^ "ANALÝZA: Raper Řezník znásilnil Slavíka a rozjel hru o budoucnost". 30 November 2013. Retrieved 24 November 2016. 
  51. ^ "Rhyme Asylum :: Solitary Confinement :: Rhyme Asylum Records". Retrieved 24 November 2016. 
  52. ^ "Rhyme Asylum – The Art of Raw". Retrieved 24 November 2016. 
  53. ^ "Rhyme Asylum – For the Hate". Retrieved 24 November 2016. 
  54. ^ Varine, Patrick (October 26, 2009). "Album review: 'K.O.D.,' by Tech N9ne'". The Country Gazette. Retrieved 2009-11-21. 
  55. ^ Template:Cite DEATH SLIDE FROM OHIO web
  56. ^ "Three 6 Mafia". Memphis Music Hall of Fame. Retrieved 4 June 2014. 
  57. ^ Utley, Ebony A. (11 June 2012). Rap and Religion: Understanding the Gangsta's God. ABC-CLIO. p. 105. ISBN 978-0-313-37669-6. 
  58. ^ "Twiztid morality and 'horrorcore'". Metro Times. October 27, 2010. Retrieved 7 November 2010.