Horse racing in India

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Stands at Mysore Turf Club

Horse racing in India is over 200 years old. The first racecourse in the country was set up in Madras in 1777.[1] Today, India has a very well established racing and breeding industry, and the sport is conducted on nine racetracks by six racing authorities.

Racing is restricted to Indian-bred racehorses and India has a well established breeding industry with stallions imported from all over the world. The Indian Stud Book maintains records of all thoroughbred breeding activity in India.

India has a mixture of both pool betting and traditional bookmakers.

Indian horse racing live shows include Sport of Kings and Racing 1 presented by Sammir Kocchar and equestrian expert Chaiti Narula.

Today the sport stands to be impacted and faces loss of revenue thanks to 28% GST levied on betting in India. Punters find it financially unviable leading to a downfall of the sport as the racing clubs stand to face huge revenue losses.

Turf Clubs[edit]

Mysore Turf Club
  • Bangalore Turf Club, conducts racing at Bengaluru in two distinct seasons - in summer from May to August and in winter from November to April.
  • Hyderabad Turf Club, conducts racing in Hyderabad where racing is held on the Monsoon Track from July until the end of October and on the Winter Track from November until February. Hyderabad usually races on Sundays and Mondays.
  • Royal Calcutta Turf Club, conducts racing in Kolkata, with a main winter season from November to April and a monsoon season which runs from July until mid October.
  • Royal Western India Turf Club (RWITC), conducts racing in Mumbai from November to May and Pune from July to November.
  • The Mysore Race Club conducts racing in Mysuru, is the most picturesque in the country. Set up in the foothills of the imposing Chamundi Hills, the Mysore Race Club has a distinct identity of its own. Mysore, which is an independent Turf Authority conducts regular season between mid-August and the end of October, as well as smaller summer and winter seasons.
  • Madras Race Club, conducts racing in Chennai home turf of the late turf baron Dr MAM Ramaswamy from October to March and morning races at the picturesque Udhagamandalam (Ooty) Race Course from April to June.
  • Delhi Turf Club, established in 1940, which conducts racing at India's capital Delhi usually once a week from August until May, where racing is run under the aegis of RWITC.

Major Races[edit]

India has five 'Classic' races which parallel the original British classic races. The Indian 1,000 and 2,000 Guineas are run in December. The Indian Oaks is run at the end of January. The Indian Derby is run on the first Sunday of February and carries a purse of over ₹ 30,000,000. Lastly, the Indian St. Leger is run in September.[2] They are all run in Mumbai, apart from the St. Leger which is run at Pune.

The Invitation Weekend which rotates between the various turf authorities is held on the first weekend of March. This features a Group 1 race each for sprinters over 1200 metres, a race over a mile and a 3000-metre race for stayers. The best horses are invited from all over the country for these races. The showpiece event is open to Indian horses which are 4 years old and over, invited from all the turf authorities, and carries a winners prize of ₹ 10,000,000. The Bangalore Derby is held on the second Sunday of July in Bangalore every year. It is sponsored by Kingfisher. Invitation cup and associated races sprinter,stayer,Super mile is rotational, Hyderbad 2014,Calcutta 2013 Banglolore 2012, Bombay 2011 and this year is RWITC' Mumbai,s Turn, is run over 2400 meters was for only 4 years old only were eligible but from 2014 onwards it has been changed to elder horses also.

Famous Horses[edit]

Elusive Pimpernel (22 of 23 starts)[3][4] and Squanderer (18 of 19 starts)[5] are considered the greatest horses to have raced on Indian Turf.[6] Both horses were trained by Rashid Byramji.

Indian horses have made their mark on the international scene. Mystical won two races at the Dubai Racing Carnival. Saddle Up was the best horse in training on the Malayasia/Singapore circuit and won the Tunku Gold Cup as well as running second in the Singapore International Cup. Others to perform well have been Southern Regent, who won twice in England when way past his prime at the age of 9. Beat It Dude was one of the highest rated horses in South Korea in 2008. Astonish was a Class 1 winner in Hong Kong. Quarantine restrictions and apathy on the part of the Indian Government have kept these opportunities to race abroad very minimal. Own opinion who represented India in the Japan cup in 1980 as 7 old and although he finished 13th he beat his own record despite the race track being anti-clockwise

Famous Trainers[edit]

Famous trainers over the years have been; Rashid Byramji, S.S.Attaollahi, J S Dhariwal, Pesi Shroff, S.M. Shah, S Padmanabhan, Imtiaz Sait, Dallas Todywalla, S Ganapathy, Madhav Mangalorkar, Arjun Mangalorkar, Vijay Singh, LVR Deshmukh, James Mckeown, Darius Byramji, S.S. Shah, Vinayak, D. Adenwala, ALJ Talib, A.B. David, Haskell David, Lawrence Fownes, Prasanna Kumar, Bezan Chenoy

Famous Jockeys[edit]

Famous Indian jockeys include Pesi Shroff, Vasant Shinde, Pandu Khade, Shamu Chavan, Kheem Singh, Aslam Kader, B Prakash, Sinclair Marshall, Robin Corner, Warren Singh, C Rajendra, Lloyd Marshall, M Narredu, Richard Alford, E Alford, C Alford, B Sreekanth, K P G Appu, Suraj Narredu, P S Chouhan, A Sandesh, Trevor Patel, Y S Srinath, Karl Umrigar [7] During the winter season, many foreign jockeys also come to India. In recent years this has included the likes of David Allan, Sandy Barclay, Christophe Lemaire, Johnny Murtagh, Seamus Heffernan, Jim Crowley, Frankie Dettori, Pat Eddery,Richard Hughes, Stéphane Pasquier, Martin Dwyer, Colm O'Donoghue, Joseph O'Brien, Chris Hayes,Lester Piggott, Johnny Murtagh, Joe Mercer, Mick Kinane, Walter Swinburn and numerous others have ridden in India.

Famous Owners[edit]

Prominent owners over the years include; HH Maharaja Sir Harisinghji of Kashmir, HH Maharaja Jiwajirao Scindia, M. A. M. Ramaswamy, Vijay Mallya, Suresh Mahindra, Marthand Mahindra, The Thomas Family (AV Thomas Group), The Goculdas Family, Ranjit V. Bhat, The Khaitan Family (McNeil & Magor Group), The Poonawalla Family, KN Dhunjibhoy, The Brar Family, Shapoor Mistry, Vijay Shirke, Ameeta Mehra, S Rangarajan

Horse Racing Gambling in India[edit]

The process of betting is heavily prohibited in India - excluding horse racing and lotteries. The Supreme Court in the case of Dr. KR Lakshmanan v. State of Tamil Nadu (AIR 1996 SC 1153), stated that horse racing is not based on luck alone but it is also based on skills.[8] Several states have enacted statutes that specifically allow licensed bookmakers. Currently betting is low key after the GST regime came into being as it is heavily taxed by the Indian Govt. This has led to the sport suffering heavy loss of revenue

References[edit]

  1. ^ Balasubramanian, Shyam (10 June 2013). "235 years on, city horsing around in betting circles". Chennai. The New Indian Express. Retrieved Apr 28, 2014.
  2. ^ "Indian Classics". racingpulse.in. Retrieved 27 April 2014.
  3. ^ "Elusive". indiarace.com. Retrieved 2018-05-20.
  4. ^ Foresee Multimedia Pvt Ltd (2017-06-07), Elusive Pimpernel, retrieved 2018-05-20
  5. ^ "The Hindu : A legend is no more". www.thehindu.com. Retrieved 2018-05-20.
  6. ^ RWITC. "The Brilliant Squanderer was The Greatest Indian Thoroughbred - By Bob Sawhny". Retrieved 2018-05-20.
  7. ^ "Karl Umrigar, we miss you". mid-day. 2010-04-08. Retrieved 2018-05-19.
  8. ^ Sayta, Jay (12 May 2013). "A primer on horse racing laws in India". Glaws India.

External links[edit]