Horseheads (village), New York
|Horseheads, New York|
Chemung Railway Depot, Horseheads, NY
|• Total||3.90 sq mi (10.11 km2)|
|• Land||3.89 sq mi (10.07 km2)|
|• Water||0.02 sq mi (0.04 km2)|
|Elevation||896 ft (273 m)|
|• Density||1,662/sq mi (641.8/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0953232|
Horseheads is a village in Chemung County, New York, United States. The population was 6,461 at the 2010 census. The name is derived from the number of bleached skulls of pack horses left behind by the Sullivan Expedition.
In September 1779, forces under General John Sullivan marched north 450 miles (720 km) from Easton, Pennsylvania, over to Wyoming, Pennsylvania, and on up the Susquehanna River to Newtown (Elmira), then continued north through what is now known as Horseheads to the Finger Lakes region and west to Genesee, on a mission against Loyalists and their Iroquois allies. They returned about three weeks later, largely on the same route.
The journey had been particularly severe and wearing upon the animals, and their food supply was found insufficient. Arriving about 6 miles (10 km) north of Fort Reid on September 24, 1779, they were obliged to dispose of a large number of sick and disabled horses. The number of horses was so great that they were quite noticeable, and the native Iroquois collected the skulls and arranged them in a line along the trail. From that time forward, that spot was referred to as the "valley of the horses' heads" and is still known by the name given to it by the Iroquois.
The settlement of the village area began around 1830. The village was incorporated in 1837 as the "Village of Fairport," but changed its name back to "Horseheads" several years later, only to be renamed "North Elmira.". In 1886, the village resumed the original name, "Horseheads".
The village was once a port on the Chemung Canal.
Horseheads village is in the Southern Tier Region of New York, 5 miles (8 km) north of downtown Elmira. It is located at a low point on the Eastern Continental Divide separating the Susquehanna River watershed to the south and the Lake Ontario watershed to the north. Newtown Creek on the east side of the village flows south toward the Chemung River, a tributary of the Susquehanna, while the northernmost part of the village drains north to Catherine Creek, the main tributary of Seneca Lake, one of the Finger Lakes.
New York State Route 17 and Interstate 86 pass through the village, with access from exits 52 and 53. New York State Route 14, a north-south highway, intersects NY-17 in the village. New York State Route 13 intersects NY-17 east of the village.
As of the census of 2000, there were 6,452 people, 2,862 households, and 1,800 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,666.4 people per square mile (643.7/km²). There were 3,007 housing units at an average density of 776.6 per square mile (300.0/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 95.57% White, 1.30% Black or African American, 0.12% Native American, 1.92% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.20% from other races, and 0.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.91% of the population.
There were 2,862 households out of which 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.9% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.1% were non-families. 32.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.82.
In the village the population was spread out with 22.6% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 26.3% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, and 21.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 86.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.1 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $35,915, and the median income for a family was $44,971. Males had a median income of $36,774 versus $22,776 for females. The per capita income for the village was $20,779. About 4.6% of families and 8.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.9% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Horseheads village, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 4, 2014.
- "Sullivan Expedition Against the Iroquois Indians 1779" (PDF). Bucknell University. Retrieved December 27, 2013.
- "History of Horseheads NY". Horseheads NY Historical Society. Retrieved December 27, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Village of Horseheads official website
- Tri-Counties Genealogy & History: Town & Village of Horseheads, Chemung County NY
- http://www.joycetice.com/articles/horschro.htm - A timeline of Horseheads from 1776-1963