Horsens Statsfængsel

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Horsens State Prison
Horsens Prison Museum
Horsens-statsfængsel-2005.jpg
Horsens Statsfængsel in 2005
LocationHorsens, Region Midtjylland, Denmark
Coordinates55°52′26.2″N 9°50′10.5″E / 55.873944°N 9.836250°E / 55.873944; 9.836250
Opened1853 (prison)
2012 (museum)
Closed2006 (prison)
WebsiteOfficial website

Horsens Statsfængsel (Horsens State Prison), formerly called Horsens Straffeanstalt (Horsens Correctional Institution), is a former prison in Horsens, Denmark. Today it is a crime and prison museum under the name Horsens Prison Museum (Fængselsmuseet), a conference and business facility, and a concert venue where bands such as Metallica have played.[1][2] Following expansions in 2016, it is the largest prison museum in the world.[3] It won the 2015 InAVation award as best visitors attraction and the 2016 Museums + Heritage award as best foreign (non-British) museum.[4][5]

The prison was commissioned in 1853 and was closed in 2006 when the last remaining inmates were moved to the State Prison of East Jutland at Enner Mark, west of Horsens.[6] When built, the prison was intended for prisoners serving long prison sentences. The prisoners spend the nights in their cells, during the day prisoners worked in the prison's "workshops" and during the evenings, they moved freely in the wards.

Among the famous prisoners were Carl August Lorentzen (1896-1958) who escaped in 1949 through a 20 m (66 ft) tunnel he initially dug with a spoon, politician Peter Adler Alberti who gained notoriety due to an embezzlement scandal in 1908, Jens Nielsen (1884-1892) who was executed in 1892 (the last person to be executed in Danish peacetime), and German Nazi Werner Best who was the administrator of Denmark during the World War II occupation. Artifacts relating to Lorentzen's escape, Alberti's and Best's imprisonments, and the axe used in Nielsen's execution are among the items at the museum. [7] [8] [2][3][9][10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Faengslet: Metallica". Faengslet. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 2 April 2014.
  2. ^ a b "10 prison's now open to travelers". CNN. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
  3. ^ a b "Horsens markerer åbningen af verdens største fængsels-museum [Horsens marks opening of world's largest prison museum]". TV Syd. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
  4. ^ "InAVation awards 2015". InAVation. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
  5. ^ "Awards Winners 2016". Museums + Heritage. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
  6. ^ "About Faengslet". Faengslet. Archived from the original on 7 March 2014. Retrieved 2 April 2014.
  7. ^ "Carl August Lorentzen". Horsens Museum. Retrieved August 1, 2018.
  8. ^ "Jens Nielsen (1884-1892)". Coneliand.Dk. Retrieved August 1, 2018.
  9. ^ "Udbryderkonge fra Horsens Statsfængsel [King of break-outs at Horsens State Prison]". Kulturarv.dk. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
  10. ^ "Peter Adler Alberti". Horsens Museum. Retrieved 18 August 2016.

External links[edit]