Horticulture industry

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The horticulture industry embraces the production, processing and shipping of and the market for fruits and vegetables. As such it is a sector of agribusiness and industrialized agriculture. Industrialized horticulture sometimes also includes the floriculture industry.

Among the most important fruits are:

Important vegetables include:

In 2013, the global fruit production was estimated at 676.9 million tonnes (666,200,000 long tons; 746,200,000 short tons). Global vegetable production (including melons) was estimated at 879.2 million tonnes (865,300,000 long tons; 969,200,000 short tons) with China and India being the two top producing countries.[2][3]

Value chain[edit]

The horticultural value chain includes:[4]

  • Inputs: elements needed for production; seeds, fertilizers, agrochemicals, farm equipment, irrigation equipment
  • Production for export: includes fruit and vegetables production and all processes related to growth and harvesting; planting, weeding, spraying, picking
  • Packing and cold storage: grading, washing, trimming, chopping, mixing, packing, labeling, blast chilling
  • Processed fruit and vegetables: dried, frozen, preserved, juices, pulps; mostly for increasing shelf life
  • Distribution and marketing: supermarkets, small scale retailers, wholesalers, food service

Companies[edit]

Fruit[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.fruitsinfo.com/sub-tropical-fruits.htm
  2. ^ "Fruit Processing Industry in India: A Short Review". Cold Chain Logistics in Horticulture & Agriculture. Winsar Publishing Company. 2016. doi:10.13140/RG.2.1.2155.3047/1. 
  3. ^ "Global Horticulture (2014 -2018) - Pink and Healthy". PRNewswire. Aug 19, 2014. 
  4. ^ Karina Fernandez-Stark; Penny Bamber; Gary Gereffi (2011). "The Fruit and Vegetables Global Value Chain - ECONOMIC UPGRADING AND WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT" (PDF). CGGC, Duke University. 

External links[edit]