Hosaena

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Hosaena
Wachamo
Hosaena is located in Ethiopia
Hosaena
Hosaena
Location within Ethiopia
Coordinates: 7°33′N 37°51′E / 7.550°N 37.850°E / 7.550; 37.850
Country Ethiopia
Region Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples'
Zone Hadiya
Elevation 2,177 m (7,142 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 75,963
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
Climate Cfb

Hosaena (also spelled Hosaina or Hosa'ina; an older name is Wachamo) is a town and separate woreda in southern Ethiopia, and the administrative center of the Hadiya Zone. Located in the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and People's Region (SNNPR), Hosaena has a latitude and longitude of 7°33′N 37°51′E / 7.550°N 37.850°E / 7.550; 37.850Coordinates: 7°33′N 37°51′E / 7.550°N 37.850°E / 7.550; 37.850 with an elevation of 2177 meters above sea level. It was part of Limo woreda and is surrounded by it.

A nearby landmark is the rock-hewn Dawabelo Cave, whose rock-hewn pillars suggest that it is an unfinished monolithic church.[1] An all-weather road was built in 1963 by the Gurage Road Association, which connected Hosaena to Addis Ababa by way of Welkite and Endibir.[2] According to the SNNPR's Bureau of Finance and Economic Development, as of 2003 Hosaena's amenities include digital telephone access, postal service, 24-hour electrical service, a bank and a hospital.[3]

History[edit]

In 1910 Hosaena became the administrative center of the province of Hadiya[disambiguation needed]. The town was occupied by the Italians on 11 February 1937. By 1958 Hosaena was one of 27 places in Ethiopia ranked as First Class Township.[4]

In 1929, a pair of missionaries settled in the town, their efforts leading to Hosaena becoming a center of Protestant Christianity in southern Ethiopia; as early as December 1949, the town hosted a Bible conference, attended by 800 persons. In April 1970, the administrative center of the Kembata Synod of the Mekane Yesus Church was officially moved from Durame to Hosaena; the synod was later renamed the "South Central Synod."[4]

Hosaena currently is one of the nineteen reform cities of the SNNPR.

Demographics[edit]

Based on the 2007 Census conducted by the CSA, this woreda has a total population of 69,995, of whom 35,523 are men and 34,472 women. The majority of the inhabitants were Protestants, with 65.74% of the population reporting that belief, 24.6% practiced Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity, 6.57% were Muslim, and 1.99% were [[Roman Catholicism in Ethiopia|Catholic.

The 1994 national census reported this town had a total population of 31,701 of whom 15,593 were men and 16,108 were women. However, the latest report made by the city population center, Hosaena have a total population of 89,300 in the year 2011. [5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Philip Briggs, Ethiopia: the Bradt Travel Guide, third edition (London: Bradt, 2002), p. 378
  2. ^ "Ethiopian Village Studies: Imbdibir", Centre for the Study of African Economies (accessed 5 July 2009)
  3. ^ "Detailed statistics on hotels and tourism" Archived 2011-05-31 at the Wayback Machine., Bureau of Finance and Economic Development website (accessed 4 September 2009)
  4. ^ a b "Local History in Ethiopia" (pdf) The Nordic Africa Institute website (accessed 3 December 2007)
  5. ^ [1].