Tungabadhra Dam near Hospet
|Nickname(s): Steel City, Back Door of Vijayanagara|
|Founded by||Sri KrishnaDevaraya|
|• Type||Municipal Council|
|• Total||67.89 km2 (26.21 sq mi)|
|Elevation||479 m (1,572 ft)|
|• Density||3,000/km2 (7,900/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|PIN||583 201, 02, 03, 11, 23, 25|
Hosapete, also known as Hospet, is a city in Ballari District in central Karnataka, India. It is located on the Tungabhadra River, 12 km from Hampi. Hampi is a World Heritage site containing the ruins of the medieval city of Vijayanagara, the former capital of the Vijayanagara Empire.
Hosapete city was built in 1520 AD by Krishna Deva Raya, one of the rulers of Vijayanagara. He built the city in honour of his mother Naagalaambika. The city was originally named Naagalapura; however, people referred to the city as Hosa Pete, which meant "New City". The area between Hampi and Hosapete is still called Naagalapura. This was the main entrance to the city of Vijayanagara for travellers coming from the west coast.
Hosapete is well connected to several important cities in India. Ballari is located approximately 60 km away. Hosapete Junction railway station lies on Hubballi-Guntakal railway line. Bangalore is 330 km away. In addition, the city has a well-developed market area. Hosapete is a well-known tourist destination, mainly due to its proximity to Hampi and Tungabhadra Dam. Hosapete is also noted for its iron ore mining and steel plants.
According to the 2011 census, the total population of Hospet was 206,159. The town has an average literacy rate of 80%, with male literacy at 85% and female literacy at 67%. In Hospet, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.
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