View of Satpura Range near Pachmarhi
Location of Hoshangabad district in Madhya Pradesh
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Hoshangabad|
|• Vidhan Sabha constituencies||hoshangabad itarsi|
|• Total||5,408 km2 (2,088 sq mi)|
|• Density||230/km2 (590/sq mi)|
|• Literacy||76.52 per cent|
|• Sex ratio||912 females/1000 males|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (IST)|
|Major highways||NH69, SH15, SH19, SH19A, SH22|
|Average annual precipitation||1006~1350 mm|
The district has an area of 5408.23 km². Hoshangabad district is bounded by the districts of Raisen to the north, Narsinghpur to the east, Chhindwara to the southeast, Betul to the south, Harda to the west, and Sehore to the northwest. In 1998, the western portion of Hoshangabad District was split off to become Harda District.
The district lies in the Narmada River valley, and the Narmada forms the northern boundary of the district, Hoshangabad District is part of [Hoshangabad] division. The Tawa River is a tributary of the Narmada, rising in the Satpura Range to the south and flowing north to meet the Narmada at the village of Bandra Bhan. The Tawa Reservoir lies in the south-central region of the district.
Hoshangabad District is also home to Pachmarhi, a hill station and popular tourist spot in the Satpura Range in the southern part of the district. Pachmarhi was the summer capital of the British Raj Central Provinces and Berar.
Hoshangabad district was part of the Nerbudda (Narmada) Division of the Central Provinces and Berar, which became the state of Madhya Bharat (later Madhya Pradesh) after India's independence in 1947. Hoshangabad is also called Narmadapuram since it was previously named after the Narmada river, before being renamed after Sultan Hoshang Shah of Malwa.
According to the 2011 census Hoshangabad District has a population of 1,241,350, roughly equal to the nation of Trinidad and Tobago or the US state of New Hampshire. This gives it a ranking of 387th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 185 inhabitants per square kilometre (480/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 14.45%. Hoshangabad has a sex ratio of 912 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 76.52%. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 16.5% and 15.9% of the population respectively.
The major language of Hoshangabad district is Hindi. Almost all the people are well aware about the hindi language.
Hoshangabad is one of the fastest developing districts of Madhya Pradesh.
Agriculture growth is very high of the region. The land is quite fertile and farmers have good canal irrigation facilities from the Tawa Dam throughout the year. The farmers employ rotation of crops and their major income depends on Wheat, Soya Bean, Mung Bean, Sugarcane, Gram, Paddy cultivation etc. Hoshangabad is the largest wheat producer and one of the largest Soya Bean producer district in India.
There are lot of large and small scale industries(Oil mill, Sugar mill, Wooden, Engineering etc.). Itarsi is the largest economic center and logistic hub in the district. Security Paper Mill Hoshangabad and Ordnance Factory Itarsi are most valuable industrial unit of Government of India.
Itarsi Junction is one of the largest and busiest Railway Stations in India. Approximately 250 trains for all over India pass through this station. Other Railway Stations are Hoshangabad, Pipariya, Banapura Sohagpur Bankhedi.
Out of 11 colleges, seven are Post Graduate Colleges. Post Graduate courses in Science/Arts/Commerce are available at the following Colleges:
- Home Science College, Hoshangabad
- Kusum Mahavidyalaya, Seonimalwa
- Makhanlal Chaturvedi National University of Journalism and Communication
- Narmada Maha Vidyalaya, Hoshangabad
- Mahatma Gandhi Smiriti Maha Vidyalaya, Itarsi
- Shaskiya Kanya Mahavidyalaya, Pipariya
- Shaskiya Snatkottar Mahavidyalaya, Pipariya
- Swami Dayanand Adarsh Mahavidyalaya, Seoni Malwa
Total Literacy of the District : 54.11%
Male Literacy of the District : 67.19%
Female Literacy of the District : 39.29%
Newspapers: Hoshangabad has a few print publications newspapers such as, Dainik Bhaskar.
- "Hoshangabad". District administration. Retrieved 2010-08-19.
- "Rajat Prapat". india9. Retrieved 2010-07-01.
- Hunter, William Wilson, Sir, et al. (1908). Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 6. 1908-1931; Clarendon Press, Oxford
- Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01.
Trinidad and Tobago 1,227,505 July 2011 est.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
New Hampshire 1,316,470
- 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
- M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bhunjia: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-30.