Hospital de Órbigo

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Hospital de Órbigo, Spain
Hospital de Órbigo, Spain is located in Spain
Hospital de Órbigo, Spain
Hospital de Órbigo, Spain
Coordinates: 42°27′40″N 5°53′3″W / 42.46111°N 5.88417°W / 42.46111; -5.88417
Country Spain
Autonomous community Castile and León
Province León
Municipality Hospital de Órbigo
Government
 • Mayor José Miguel Cordón Marcos (PSOE)
Area
 • Total 4.8 km2 (1.9 sq mi)
Elevation 820 m (2,690 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,031
 • Density 210/km2 (560/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal Code 24286
Telephone prefix 987
Website Ayto. de Hospital de Órbigo

Hospital de Órbigo (Spanish pronunciation: [ospiˈtal de ˈorβiɣo]) is a municipality located in the province of León, Castile and León, Spain. According to the 2010 census (INE), the municipality has a population of 1,031 inhabitants.

It is a stopping point along the Camino de Santiago and has a long stone medieval bridge, which was recently restored. The town itself is part of the community of Puente de Órbigo, puente meaning bridge.

History[edit]

During the Middle Ages there was a small village along the left side of the Órbigo river with a small church dedicated to the Virgin Mary, called Puente de Órbigo. In the 16th century the Knights Hospitaller established a pilgrims hospital on the right side of the river that came to be called Hospital de Órbigo.

The town was a battle site in 456 between forces loyal to Theuderic I and Rechiar. Due to the bridge it was also important during the battles during Spain's Reconquista with Almanzor passing through the town at least once. Closer to the modern era in the 19th century, the town's inhabitants destroyed their iconic bridge to slow the advance of Napoleon's forces into Spain.

Coordinates: 42°28′N 5°53′W / 42.467°N 5.883°W / 42.467; -5.883