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A hospitality service, also known as "accommodation sharing", "hospitality exchange" (short "hospex"), "home stay network", or "home hospitality network" ("hoho"), is a centrally organized social networking service of travelers who offer or seek homestays (lodging in a home) either gratis or for money. Hospitality services generally connect users via the internet and are examples of collaborative consumption and sharing. In cases where lodging is offered gratis, they are examples of a barter economy or gift economy. A hospitality service may collect commissions on each homestay, charge a membership fee, or be completely free.
History of homestays
In 1965, John Wilcock set up the Traveler's Directory as a listing of his friends willing to host each other when traveling. In 1988, Joy Lily rescued the organization from imminent shutdown, forming Hospitality Exchange.
In 1966, psychologist Rubén Feldman González created Programo Pasporto for Esperanto speakers in Argentina. In 1974, with the help of Jeanne-Marie Cash, it became Pasporta Servo and published its first membership directory, which listed 40 hosts.
In 1971, Sue Coppard founded WWOOF ("Worldwide Opportunities on Organic Farms"), a network in which food, lodging, and education is provided to guests in exchange for housekeeping and farmworker services.
In 1977, Presbyterian minister Wayne Smith and U.S. President Jimmy Carter established Friendship Force International, with the mission of improving intercultural relations, cultural diplomacy, friendship, and intercultural competence via organized trips involving homestays.
In 1992, Hospex.org was launched online; it later was folded into Hospitality Club, created in 2000 by Veit Kühne.
In 2004, Casey Fenton founded CouchSurfing, in which accommodation is offered gratis.
Notable hospitality networks
- 9flats – A network offering homestays primarily in Europe. Guests must pay in advance via credit card.
- Airbnb – The largest hospitality service, it has over 100 million users and over 3 million lodging listings. Guests must pay in advance via credit card and Airbnb receives commissions from each transaction.
- BeWelcome – A hospitality service with an open source community with approximately 100,000 members in 200 countries. The network is organized as a nonprofit organisation with democratic structures.
- CouchSurfing – With 15 million members in more than 200 countries, it is the largest hospitality service where lodging is offered gratis.
- Friendship Force International – A hospitality service with 16,000 members. Members join a 2-week organized "journey", costing approximately US$1000.
- Helpx - Free volunteer work exchange abroad Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Europe.
- HomeExchange.com - A service that connects people who want to participate in home exchanges.
- Hospitality Club – One of the first internet-based hospitality services; lodging is provided gratis.
- Intervac International - The first home exchange network.
- Pasporta Servo – A hospitality service for Esperanto speakers, where lodging is provided gratis.
- Servas International – With a history dating back to 1949, it is focused on human rights and world peace.
- ThirdHome – A worldwide luxury second home exchange service of holiday cottages.
- Wimdu – A hospitality service focused on renting homes for vacation purposes.
- Workaway – A hospitality service with 25,000 hosts in which lodging, some benefits, or even food, are provided to traveller guest-workers in exchange for tasks of a host.
- WWOOF ("Worldwide Opportunities on Organic Farms") – A network in which lodging, food, and others is provided to guests in exchange for housekeeping and farmworker.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Hospitality exchange.|