|59th & 64th Prime Minister of Iran|
12 March 1951 – 30 April 1951
|Monarch||Mohammad Reza Pahlavi|
|Preceded by||Haj Ali Razmara|
|Succeeded by||Mohammed Mosaddeq|
7 April 1955 – 3 April 1957
|Monarch||Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi|
|Preceded by||Fazlollah Zahedi|
|Succeeded by||Manouchehr Eghbal|
|Foreign Minister of Iran|
25 April 1943 – 2 March 1945
|Prime Minister||Ali Soheili
|Preceded by||Mowzafar Alam|
|Succeeded by||Mahmoud Salehi|
|Born||13 December 1881
|Died||13 July 1964 (aged 82)
He was born in 1882 in Tehran and spent his early years in London. He was educated at Westminster School and studied law at the University of London after which he was admitted to the bar at Inner Temple. He became involved in politics through a position in the Foreign Affairs Ministry of Iran.
In his early political life Ala served as the chef de cabinet of the Iranian foreign ministry from 1905 to 1916. Subsequently, he was a member of an Iranian diplomatic delegation sent to the Paris Peace Conference of 1919. Despite the efforts of the delegation, led by Aliqoli Massoud Ansari, and assisted ably by Ala, the British government of the time nixed Iran's hopes of officially attending the diplomatic gathering. Moreover, with the Iranian Government in Tehran having recently negotiated the Anglo-Iranian Agreement it was decided that Ansari and Ala would be banished to foreign legations to ensure they would not act as lightning rods against the agreement. Ala was appointed as the Iranian diplomatic envoy to Spain in 1920. Shortly thereafter Ala was appointed as Iran's lead diplomat in Washington where he attempted to interest American oil companies to agree to invest in Iran, to undercut the monopoly of the Anglo-Persian Oil Company.
From 1934 to 1936, Alā was ambassador to the United Kingdom. Alā was Iranian Ambassador to the United States from 1946 to 1950.
He was elected Prime Minister for the first time by parliament following the assassination of Haj Ali Razmara and the rejection of the Shah's first choice. His premiership, however, was not to last long. A month later the Shah made a new choice who was acceptable to the parliament. During his administration, the term of service of Members of Parliament was increased from 2 to 4 years. He was later appointed as Court Minister, remaining one until his death in 1964 at the age of 82. He left a son and a daughter, and was survived by his wife, who died in 1981. His son, Dr. Fereydoun Ala, was the founding director of the National Iranian Blood Transfusion Service and is currently honorary president of the Iranian Comprehensive Haemophilia Care Center. His daughter, Irān, is married to Eskandar Firouz, the noted authority on Iranian fauna and environmental topics.
Honours and awards
- Order of the Crown, 1st class
- Grand Decoration of Honour in Gold with Sash for Services to the Republic of Austria (1958)
- Pahlavi Dynasty
- Abdolhossein Teymourtash
- List of Iranian Ambassadors to the United States
- List of Prime Ministers of Iran
References and sources
- The International Who's Who 1943-44. 8th edition. George Allen & Unwin, London, 1943, p. 9.
- Seyed Mohammad Ali Taghavi (2004). The Flourishing of Islamic Reformism in Iran: Political Islamic Groups in Iran (1941-61). Routledge. p. 120.
- "Reply to a parliamentary question" (pdf) (in German). p. 52. Retrieved 2 October 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hossein Ala'.|
The following reference was used for the above writing: 'Alí Rizā Awsatí (عليرضا اوسطى), Iran in the Past Three Centuries (Irān dar Se Qarn-e Goz̲ashteh - ايران در سه قرن گذشته), Volumes 1 and 2 (Paktāb Publishing - انتشارات پاکتاب, Tehran, Iran, 2003). ISBN 964-93406-6-1 (Vol. 1), ISBN 964-93406-5-3 (Vol. 2).
Haj Ali Razmara
|Prime Minister of Iran
|Prime Minister of Iran
1955 – 1957