Hossein Kharrazi

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Hossein Kharrazi
حسین خرازی
Nickname(s) Haj Hossein
Born 1957
Isfahan, Iran Iran
Died 1987 (aged 29–30)
Shalamcheh region, Khuzestan, Iran
Allegiance Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution
Years of service 1978–1987
Rank Major General (سردار سرلشکر)
Commands held 3rd Imam Hossein Brigade
14th Imam Hossein Division
Battles/wars Iran–Iraq War
Operation Tarigh ol-Qods
Operation Fath-ol-Mobeen
Operation Beit ol-Moqaddas
Operation Ramadan
Operation Dawn 4
Battle of the Marshes
Operation Khaibar (WIA)
First Battle of al-Faw
Operation Dawn 8
Operation Karbala-4
Operation Karbala-5 (KIA)
Awards Fath Medal.jpg 2nd grade Order of Fath[1]

Major General Hossein Kharrazi (Persian: حسین خرازی‎‎)[2] (1957 – 27 February 1987) was the commander of IRGC's 14th Imam Hussein Division during Iran-Iraq War. He supported Islamic revolution and after its victory, served and helped safeguarding it. He was engaged in many operations during the war, namely Dawn 8, in which he captured troops of Saddam's Republican Guard in al-Faw Peninsula; and in Operation Karbala-5 as the commander of the vanguard forces. Kharrazi was killed by shrapnel from a mortar bomb in Operation Karbala-5.

History[edit]

During his adolescence he was interested in religious publications. Kharrazi participated in religious congregations and learning theological subjects. His curiosity toward religious matters increased during the campaigns against the Pahlavis and he became more aware of the contemporary political circumstances. While performing his military service, Kharrazi was sent to Dhofar. He deserted the armed forces finally in 1978, according to the direction of Ruhollah Khomeini, and joined the revolutionaries.

Iran-Iraq war[edit]

His first considerable command was in Darkhovin region close to Abadan-Ahvaz road, known as "The Lion Frontier". In the battle, the Iranian troops resisted Saddam's army for 9 months. He became the commander of Darkhovin front. Kharrazi served actively in freeing Bostan afterwards. Following Operation Tarigh ol-Qods, Imam Hussein Brigade was established which soon was reorganized to a division with Kharrazi being appointed as the Major General. His troops participated in the operations Fath-ol-Mobeen and Beit ol-Moqaddas (which liberated Khorramshahr). In the later operation, his division was among the first which passed Karun river and reached Ahvaz-Khorramshahr road. As a commander he was also involved in other operations like Ramadan, Before the Dawn, Dawn 4; and Khaibar during which he lost an arm. He often reconnoitered combatant's territories himself. In Operation Dawn 8, his troops managed to defeat Saddam's Republican Guard and had victories in Al-Faw Peninsula and around "Salt Factory". During Operation Karbala-5, Kharrazi's division was the spearhead and succeeded to pass arched embankments of the combatant army. He was incredibly popular among Iranian fighters.

"Karbala-5" was his last operation. Under the heavy artillery bombardment of Saddam's forces, food supplies became critical. He took the direct responsibility of providing food. Kharrazi was a staunch adherent of Islam and the ideals of the Islamic revolution of Iran. However, senior commanders criticized him for taking towns in excess of their requests and on his own initiative. Kharrazi believed that the Iran-Iraq war could have been over in a week, had he not been held back by the Iranian command.

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