Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs

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The Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart ranks the most popular R&B and hip hop songs in the United States and is published weekly by Billboard. Rankings are based on a measure of radio airplay, sales data, and streaming activity.[1] The chart had 100 positions but was shortened to 50 positions in October 2012.[2][3]

The chart is used to track the success of popular music songs in urban, or primarily African American, venues. Dominated over the years at various times by jazz, rhythm and blues, doo-wop, rock and roll, soul, and funk, it is today dominated by contemporary R&B and hip hop. Since its inception, the chart has changed its name many times in order to accurately reflect the industry at the time.

History[edit]

Beginning in 1942, Billboard published a chart of bestselling black music, first as the Harlem Hit Parade, then as Race Records. Then in 1949, Billboard began publishing a Rhythm and Blues chart, which entered "R&B" into mainstream lexicon.[4] These three charts were consolidated into a single R&B chart in October 1958.

From November 30, 1963, to January 23, 1965, there were no Billboard R&B singles charts.[5][6] The "Hot R&B Singles" chart was discontinued when Billboard determined it unnecessary due to so much crossover of titles between the R&B and pop charts in light of the rise of Motown. The chart was reinstated as "Hot Rhythm & Blues Singles" on January 30, 1965.[7]

Beginning August 23, 1969, the rhythm and blues was replaced in favor of "soul", and the chart was renamed to "Best Selling Soul Singles". The move was made by a Billboard editorial decision that the term "soul" more accurately accounted for the "broad range of song and instrumental material which derives from the musical genius of the black American".[8][9] In late June 1982, the chart was renamed again, this time to "Black Singles" because the music that African-Americans were buying and listening to had a "greater stylistic variety than the soul sound" of the early 1970s. Black Singles was deemed an acceptable term to encompass pop, funk, and early rap music popular in urban communities.[10]

Beginning October 27, 1990, the Hot Black Singles chart was renamed Hot R&B Singles.[11] Hip hop was introduced to the chart beginning with the December 11, 1999 issue, when Billboard changed the name to "Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Singles & Tracks" to recognize the influence and relationship of hip hop to the genre.[12] Shortly after that time, the crossover of R&B titles on pop charts was so significant that all Top Ten songs on the Billboard Hot 100 chart on October 11, 2003, were by black artists.[13] The lengthy title was shortened to "Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs" on April 30, 2005. The chart's methodology was changed starting with the October 20, 2012 issue to match that of the Billboard Hot 100, incorporating digital downloads and video streaming data (R&B/Hip-Hop Digital Songs) and combining it with airplay of R&B and hip-hop songs across all radio formats to determine song position, along with the chart also being shortened to 50 positions.

Date range Title
October 1942 – February 1945 The Harlem Hit Parade
February 1945 – June 1949 Race Records
June 1949 – October 1958 Rhythm & Blues Records (two or three separate charts—see above)
October 1958 – October 1962[14] Hot R&B Sides
November 1962 – November 1963 Hot R&B Singles[15][16]
November 1963 – January 1965[17] No chart published (see above)
January 1965 – August 1969 Hot Rhythm & Blues Singles
August 1969 – July 1973 Best Selling Soul Singles
July 1973 – June 1982 Hot Soul Singles
June 1982 – October 1990 Hot Black Singles
October 1990 – January 1999 Hot R&B Singles
January – December 1999 Hot R&B Singles & Tracks
December 1999 – April 2005 Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Singles & Tracks
April 2005 – present Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs

Significant song achievements[edit]

Most weeks at number one[edit]

20 weeks

18 weeks

17 weeks

16 weeks

15 weeks

14 weeks

13 weeks

12 weeks

Songs with most weeks on the chart[edit]

"You Make Me Wanna..." – Usher[27] (1997)
"There Goes My Baby" – Usher (2010)
"Blinding Lights" - The Weeknd (2020)[29]
  • 63 weeks –
"In My Bed" – Dru Hill (1997)
"Pretty Wings" – Maxwell[30] (2009)
"Un-Thinkable (I'm Ready)" – Alicia Keys[31] (2010)
"Sure Thing" – Miguel (2011)
  • 58 weeks –
"When I See U" – Fantasia (2007)
"Teachme" – Musiq Soulchild (2007)
"Love on Top" – Beyoncé[32] (2011)
  • 56 weeks –
"If I Ain't Got You" – Alicia Keys (2004)
"Lost Without U" – Robin Thicke (2007)
"Until the End of Time" – Justin Timberlake & Beyoncé[33] (2008)
  • 55 weeks –
"Heaven Sent" – Keyshia Cole[34] (2008)
"Spotlight" – Jennifer Hudson (2008)
"Drank in My Cup" – Kirko Bangz[35] (2011)
"Adorn" – Miguel (2012)
  • 54 weeks –
"Stay" – Tyrese[36] (2011)
"Thrift Shop" – Macklemore & Ryan Lewis feat. Wanz (2012)
  • 52 weeks –
"We Belong Together" – Mariah Carey[37] (2005)
"Up!" – LoveRance feat. Iamsu & Skipper or 50 Cent[35] (2011)
"Thinkin Bout You" – Frank Ocean[38] (2013)
"Can't Hold Us" – Macklemore & Ryan Lewis feat. Ray Dalton (2013)
"All of Me" – John Legend (2014)

Longest climbs to number one[edit]

Source:[39]

Significant artist achievements[edit]

Most number-one singles[edit]

The artists with the most No. 1 hits on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart since October 1958.

Number of
singles
Artist Source
26
Drake [40]
20 Aretha Franklin [41]
Stevie Wonder [42]
17
James Brown [43]
16
Janet Jackson [44]
15
The Temptations [45]
13 Marvin Gaye [46]
Michael Jackson [47]
Usher [48]

Artists with most weeks at number one on the chart[edit]

Weeks Artist Source
113† Louis Jordan [49]

† Pre-October 1958 charts.

Most top 10 singles[edit]

Number of
Singles
Artist Source
117
Drake [40]
57
James Brown [50]

Most chart entries[edit]

Most entries on chart since October 1958.

Entries Artist Source
309 Drake [40]
198 Lil Wayne [51]
150 Jay-Z [52]
146 Kanye West [53]
122 Chris Brown [54]
118 Nicki Minaj [55]

Self-replacement at number one[edit]

Source:[56]

Bubbling Under R&B/Hip-Hop Songs[edit]

Bubbling Under R&B/Hip-Hop Songs[57] was a chart composed of 25 positions that represented songs making progress to chart on the main R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart. Many times, songs halted their progress at this chart and never debuted on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart. The Bubbling Under R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart could have also been seen as a 25 position quasi-addendum to the chart, since the chart represented the 25 songs below position number 50 that had not previously appeared on the main chart.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Works cited
  • Sanneh, Kelefa (2021). Major Labels: A History of Popular Music in Seven Genres. New York: Penguin. ISBN 978-0-525-55959-7.
  • Whitburn, Joel (1996). Joel Whitburn's Top R&B/Hip-Hop Singles: 1942-1995. Menomonee Falls: Record Research. ISBN 0-89820-115-2.
Notes
  1. ^ "Current Billboard Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart". Billboard. Archived from the original on December 25, 2015. Retrieved May 25, 2013.
  2. ^ "Billboard Shakes Up Genre Charts With New Methodology". The Hollywood Reporter. 11 October 2012. Archived from the original on 14 November 2012. Retrieved 14 October 2013.
  3. ^ "The Year In R&B/Hip-Hop 2012: Drake, Nicki Minaj Among Year's Chart Champs". Archived from the original on 4 July 2013. Retrieved 14 October 2013.
  4. ^ Sanneh 2021, p. 91.
  5. ^ Whitburn 1996, p. xiii.
  6. ^ Sanneh 2021, pp. 87–88.
  7. ^ Whitburn 1996, p. xiv.
  8. ^ "R&B Now Soul". Billboard. Vol. 81, no. 34. August 23, 1969. p. 3. Archived from the original on January 3, 2014. Retrieved May 25, 2013.
  9. ^ Sanneh 2021, p. 95.
  10. ^ George, Nelson (June 26, 1982). "Black Music Charts" What's in a Name?". Billboard. Vol. 94, no. 25. pp. 10, 43. Archived from the original on January 3, 2014. Retrieved May 25, 2013.
  11. ^ Whitburn 1996, p. xii.
  12. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2010). Hot R&B Songs 1942-2010 (PDF) (6th ed.). Menomonee Falls: Record Research. p. 9. ISBN 9780898201864.
  13. ^ Mitchell, Gail (October 18, 2003). "Black-Music's Historic Week" (PDF). Billboard. Vol. 115, no. 42. pp. 20, 22.
  14. ^ "Hot R&B Sides", Billboard, October 27, 1962. p. 37. Accessed October 1, 2015
  15. ^ "Hot R&B Singles", Billboard, November 3, 1962. p. 37. Accessed October 1, 2015
  16. ^ "Hot R&B Singles", Billboard, November 23, 1963. p. 22. Accessed October 1, 2015
  17. ^ Whitburn, Joel. (2006). The Billboard book of top 40 R & B and hip-hop hits. New York: Billboard. pp. x. ISBN 0-8230-8283-0. OCLC 62413058.
  18. ^ "Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs: April 20, 2019". Billboard. 2 January 2013. Archived from the original on April 24, 2019. Retrieved April 19, 2019.
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Whitburn 1996, p. 644.
  20. ^ "Summer '16: Drake's 'One Dance' Set Record for Most Weeks Atop Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs, Won Song of the Summer Honors & More". Billboard. 8 September 2016. Archived from the original on 24 May 2018. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Ramirez, Rauly (September 9, 2013). "Robin Thicke's 'Blurred Lines' Breaks Record Atop Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs". Billboard. Archived from the original on May 15, 2016. Retrieved September 16, 2016.
  22. ^ Bronson, Fred (August 25, 2005). "Chart Beat". Billboard. Archived from the original on November 11, 2016. Retrieved October 6, 2016.
  23. ^ "R&B/Hip-Hop Digital Song Sales: See You Again Wiz Khalifa Featuring Charlie Puth". Billboard. Archived from the original on 24 May 2018. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
  24. ^ "Billboard.biz Login". Archived from the original on 2012-12-31.
  25. ^ "Billboard.biz Login". Archived from the original on 2013-01-15.
  26. ^ "Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs : Feb 20, 2010 – (Weeks on chart) | Billboard Chart Archive". Billboard. 2010-02-20. Archived from the original on July 3, 2014. Retrieved 2013-11-09.
  27. ^ [1][dead link]
  28. ^ "Billboard.biz Login". Archived from the original on 2013-01-15.
  29. ^ "R&B/Hip-Hop Songs". Billboard. March 13, 2021. Retrieved March 9, 2021.
  30. ^ WebCite query result
  31. ^ [2][dead link]
  32. ^ "Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs : Oct 13, 2012 – (Weeks on chart) | Billboard Chart Archive". Billboard. 2012-10-13. Archived from the original on July 3, 2014. Retrieved 2013-11-09.
  33. ^ "Billboard.biz Login". Archived from the original on 2013-01-15.
  34. ^ "Keyshia Cole – Chart history". Billboard. Archived from the original on 2014-07-03. Retrieved 2013-11-09.
  35. ^ a b "Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs : Page 1". Billboard. 2 January 2013. Archived from the original on 2015-12-25. Retrieved 2013-11-09.
  36. ^ "Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs : Aug 18, 2012 – (Weeks on chart) | Billboard Chart Archive". Billboard. 2012-08-18. Archived from the original on July 3, 2014. Retrieved 2013-11-09.
  37. ^ "Billboard.biz Login". Archived from the original on 2013-01-15.
  38. ^ "Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs : Mar 23, 2013 – (Weeks on chart) | Billboard Chart Archive". Billboard. 2013-03-23. Archived from the original on July 3, 2014. Retrieved 2013-11-09.
  39. ^ Mednizabal, Amaya (September 12, 2016). "Rihanna's 'Needed Me' Rises to No. 1 on Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs Chart". Billboard. Archived from the original on September 14, 2016. Retrieved September 15, 2016.
  40. ^ a b c "Drake Chart History Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs". Billboard. Archived from the original on 19 April 2019. Retrieved 22 February 2022.
  41. ^ "Aretha Franklin Chart History Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs". Billboard. Retrieved 14 October 2021.
  42. ^ "Stevie Wonder Chart History Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs". Billboard. Retrieved 14 October 2021.
  43. ^ "James Brown Chart History Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs". Billboard. Retrieved 14 October 2021.
  44. ^ "Janet Jackson Chart History Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs". Billboard. Retrieved 14 October 2021.
  45. ^ "The Temptations Chart History Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs". Billboard. Retrieved 14 October 2021.
  46. ^ "Marvin Gaye Chart History Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs". Billboard. Retrieved 14 October 2021.
  47. ^ "Michael Jackson Chart History Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs". Billboard. Retrieved 14 October 2021.
  48. ^ "Usher Chart History Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs". Billboard. Retrieved 14 October 2021.
  49. ^ "This Day in Music". Billboard. 4 February 2007. Archived from the original on 12 July 2018. Retrieved 4 July 2018. He is the record holder of most weeks at No. 1 on Billboard's R&B charts with 113.
  50. ^ Anderson, Trevor (29 June 2018). "Drake Extends Record Top 10 Total on Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs Chart With 'I'm Upset'". Billboard. Archived from the original on 29 June 2018. Retrieved 29 June 2018.
  51. ^ "Lil Wayne R&B/Hip Hop Songs Chart History". Billboard. Archived from the original on 12 July 2018. Retrieved 22 February 2022.
  52. ^ "Jay-Z R&B/Hip Hop Songs Chart History". Billboard. Archived from the original on 19 April 2019. Retrieved 22 February 2022.
  53. ^ "Kanye West R&B/Hip Hop Songs Chart History". Billboard. Archived from the original on 14 April 2019. Retrieved 22 February 2022.
  54. ^ "Nicki Minaj R&B/Hip Hop Songs Chart History". Billboard. Retrieved 22 February 2022.
  55. ^ "Nicki Minaj R&B/Hip Hop Songs Chart History". Billboard. Retrieved 22 February 2022.
  56. ^ "Post Malone Replaces Himself at No. 1 on Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs Chart". Billboard. Archived from the original on April 5, 2019. Retrieved April 29, 2019.
  57. ^ "Bubbling Under R&B/Hip-Hop". Billboard. Billboard. Archived from the original on 17 March 2017. Retrieved 23 March 2017.

External links[edit]