Hot Springs (Big Bend National Park)
Hot Springs cabins
|Location||W of Rio Grande Village, Big Bend National Park, Texas|
|Area||115 acres (47 ha)|
|NRHP reference #||74000278|
|Added to NRHP||September 17, 1974|
Hot Springs, also known as Boquillas Hot Springs, is a former resort in what is now Big Bend National Park in Texas. They were developed by J.O. Langford from 1909. Langford was a Mississippi native who had contracted malaria as a child. Searching for a cure, he heard of reputedly curative hot springs on the Rio Grande while visiting Alpine, Texas. Langford made a homestead claim, sight unseen. Although other homestead claims on the site had failed, Langford, his wife Bessie and his 18-month-old daughter set out for the site, discovering that it was already occupied by Cleofas Natividad with his wife and ten children. Initially considering the Natividads squatters, the Langfords developed a cooperative relationship with the Natividads. J.O. took a 21-day treatment of drinking and bathing in the spring waters, regaining his health.
The site was the first major tourist attraction in the area, predating the establishment of the national park. Before the Langford's development, a small stone tub had been excavated in the local stone for bathing, with a dugout that was renovated by the Langfords as a residence. The Langfords later built an adobe house, a stone bathhouse, and brushwood bathing shelters. The Langfords left in 1912 when bandits made the area unsafe. When they returned in 1927 they rebuilt the bathhouse, but with a canvas roof. They also built a store and a motor court, consisting of seven attached cabins.
The structures were built of local stone with wood trussed roofs covered with corrugated metal. Interior walls were plastered. Four of the motor court rooms featured painted murals. A terrace was covered with a long porch or ramada connecting the cabins.
The historic district includes petrogylphs left by Native American visitors. The springs were visited by Pedro de Rábago y Terán in 1747, who found Apaches farming the area. In later years the Comanche Trail passed nearby. The hot springs remain, at a temperature of 105 degrees Fahrenheit, and may be used for soaking. The water contains sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, sulfate, chloride and smaller concentrations of arsenic, lithium, rubidium, strontium, thallium, uranium, and tungsten.
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Big Bend National Park
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Brewster County, Texas
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Hot Springs". National Park Service. Retrieved 31 October 2011.
- Battle, David G. (February 1974). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory - Nomination Form: Hot Springs". National Park Service. Retrieved 31 October 2011.
- Brune, Gunnar. "Boquillas Hot Springs". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 31 October 2011.
- "USGS, U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1327 Geological, Geochemical, and Geophysical Studies by the U.S. Geological Survey in Big Bend National Park, Texas" (PDF).
- "Take a Soak in the Hot Springs". Retrieved 31 October 2011.
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