Moniti Meliora Sequamur
(After instruction, let us move on to pursue higher things.)
|11 Interlaken Road
(New York metropolitan area)
|Type||Private, day and boarding|
|Head of school||G. Peter O'Neill Jr., 14th Head of School
93% boarding, 7% day;
50% male, 50% female;
17% International students
32% U.S. students of color
|Average class size||13 students|
|Student to teacher ratio||5:1|
|Campus||Rural, 827 acres (3 km2)
13 dorms, 2 lakes, 1 forest
|Color(s)||Yale Blue and
|Athletics||19 interscholastic sports|
|Average SAT scores||2110 (2014)|
|Endowment||$455 million (August 2015)|
|Annual tuition||$51,155 (boarding)
|Affiliation||Eight Schools Association
Ten Schools Admissions Organization
New England Preparatory School Athletic Council (NEPSAC)
New England Association of Schools and Colleges (NEASC)
The Association of Boarding Schools (TABS)
Global Education Benchmark Group (GEBG)
Green Schools Alliance
The Hotchkiss School is a private, nonsectarian, coeducational, college preparatory boarding school in Lakeville, Connecticut, founded in 1891. The school offers a classical education with grades 9–12 and a postgraduate (PG) option, attracting students across the United States and 34 foreign countries.
Hotchkiss is a member of the Eight Schools Association, Ten Schools Admissions Organization, G20 Schools group, Founders League, New England Preparatory School Athletic Council (NEPSAC), New England Association of Schools and Colleges (NEASC), The Association of Boarding Schools (TABS), National Association of Independent Schools, Global Education Benchmark Group (GEBG), Round Square, Cum Laude Society, and Green Schools Alliance.
Regarded by many as one of the most prestigious secondary institutions in the United States, if not the world, Hotchkiss has a highly competitive 18% admit rate (2013), and one of the largest private school endowments in the country (ranked fifth largest in 2008 by New York Times).
- 1 History
- 2 Academics
- 3 Extracurriculars
- 4 Campus
- 5 Notable alumni
- 6 Notable faculty
- 7 In popular culture
- 8 References
- 9 External links
In 1891, Maria Harrison Bissell Hotchkiss, with guidance from Yale President Timothy Dwight V, founded the school to prepare young men for Yale University. In 1892, Hotchkiss opened its doors to 50 male boarding students for $600. Hotchkiss's endowment also precipitated scholarship aid to deserving students. In 1974, the school became coeducational.
George Van Santvoord (g. 1908, Yale 1912), a headmaster hailed as the Duke with an honorary dorm, claimed there was only one school rule: Be a gentleman. In 1954, TIME recognized in Education: The Duke Steps Down, that "of all U.S. prep schools, few, if any, can beat the standards Hotchkiss has set."
International relations and diversity
Maria Hotchkiss was uninterested in establishing “a school for the pampered sons of rich gentlemen.” The school has enrolled international students since 1896. In 1928, the school joined the English-Speaking Union and established the International Schoolboy Exchange. Established by the Class of 1948, the Fund for Global Understanding enables student participation in summer service projects across the world. In 1953, Hotchkiss alumnus Eugene Van Voorhis (g. 1951, Yale '55, Yale Law ‘58) incorporated the Ulysses S. Grant Foundation program to assist minority New Haven students with boarding school admission, with Hotchkiss School formally participating in addition to other recruitment initiatives from the 1960s onward, such as A Better Chance (ABC), Greater Opportunity (GO) summer program for inner-city students, and Prep for Prep to foster minority leaders.
The school has a 43% diverse student body (21% international students), offers a School Year Abroad program, and is a member of the Global Education Benchmark Group (GEBG), Round Square, and Confucius Institute International Division (Hanban). In 2010, Hotchkiss partnered with Peking University High School to establish its study abroad, international division called Dalton Academy.
Operating on a semester schedule, the Hotchkiss School offers a classical education, 224 courses, 7 foreign languages (Chinese, French, German, Greek, Latin, Russian and Spanish), and study abroad programs. In 1991, the New York Times recognized Hotchkiss' summer program as, "Summer School for the Very Ambitious" and in 2011, as a private school leader in the farm-to-table movement, by incorporating agriculture into the curriculum since 2008. The year prior, the Deerfield Scroll featured that "many consider the Hotchkiss School to be the leader in environmental awareness among the top prep schools in the country."
The school has a 100% college matriculation rate, and among the Classes of 2011-14, 33 enrolled at Yale, 19 at Harvard, and 16 at Princeton. In 2007, the Wall Street Journal listed Hotchkiss as among the schools with a higher success rate (than Choate and Deerfield) in matriculation at Harvard, Princeton and six others (excluding Yale).
Hotchkiss fields 19 interscholastic sports teams that compete in the Founders League, Eight Schools Athletic Council, New England Preparatory School Athletic Council (NEPSAC), and Interscholastic Sailing Association's New England Schools Sailing Association (NESSA) district. Its colors are Yale Blue and white, with the mascot being the bearcat.
|Fall||(B), (G) Cross Country - Varsity||(G) 4||(G) Founders League Champion – 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008|
|(B), (G) Cross Country - Junior Varsity||0|
|(G) Field Hockey - Varsity||12||Founders League Champion – 2015, 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008
NEPSAC New England Class A Champion – 2014, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007, 2006, 2005, 2004, 2003, 2002, 1998
|(G) Field Hockey - Junior Varsity||0|
|(G) Field Hockey - Third||0|
|(B) Football - Varsity||3||Erickson League Champion – 2009, 2008
NEPSAC New England Class A Champion – 2008
|(B) Football - Junior Varsity||0|
|(B), (G) Soccer - Varsity||(B) 8
|(B) Founders League Champion – 2013, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008
NEPSAC New England Class A Champion – 2011, 2009, 2008
(G) Founders League Champion – 2013
|(B), (G) Soccer - Junior Varsity||0|
|(B), (G) Soccer - Third||0|
|(G) Volleyball - Varsity||3||Founders League Champion – 2010, 2008
NEPSAC New England Class A Champion – 2008
|(G) Volleyball - Junior Varsity||0|
|(B) Water Polo - Varsity||0|
|Winter||(B), (G) Basketball - Varsity||(B) 5
|(B) Tri-State League Champion – 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007
(G) Founders League Champion – 2012
|(B), (G) Basketball - Junior Varsity||0|
|(B), (G) Basketball - Third||0|
|(B), (G) Hockey - Varsity||0|
|(B), (G) Hockey - Junior Varsity||0|
|(B), (G) Squash - Varsity||(B) 2||(B) Founders League Champion – 2012, 2008|
|(B), (G) Squash - Junior Varsity||0|
|(C) Squash - Third||0|
|(B), (G) Swimming and Diving - Varsity||0|
|(C) Wrestling - Varsity||0|
|Spring||(B) Baseball - Varsity||0|
|(B) Baseball - Junior Varsity||0|
|(B), (G) Golf - Varsity||0|
|(B) Golf - Junior Varsity||0|
|(B), (G) Lacrosse - Varsity||(B) 1
|(B) Founders League Champion – 2009
(G) Founders League Champion – 2014, 2013, 2011
|(B), (G) Lacrosse - Junior Varsity||0|
|(B), (G) Lacrosse - Third||0|
|(G) Softball - Varsity||0|
|(C) Sailing - Varsity||12||(C) NESSA New England Fleet Racing Champion – 2014, 2012, 2011, 1977, 1975, 1974
NESSA Team Racing Champion – 2011, 1977, 1976, 1974
Connecticut State Champion – 2012, 2011
|(C) Sailing - Junior Varsity||0|
|(B), (G) Tennis - Varsity||(B) 7
|(B) Founders League Champion – 2012, 2010, 2009, 2008
NEPSAC New England Class A Champion – 2012, 2010, 2008
(G) Founders League Champion – 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2008
NEPSAC New England Class A Champion – 2013, 2012, 2010, 2009
|(B), (G) Tennis - Junior Varsity||0|
|(B), (G) Tennis - Third||0|
|(B), (G) Track and field - Varsity||(B) 3
|(B) Founders League Champion – 2014, 2009
NEPSAC New England Class A Champion – 2009
(G) Founders League Champion – 2014, 2013, 2011, 2008
|(G) Water Polo - Varsity||0|
|(C) Ultimate Frisbee - Varsity||2||NEPSAC New England Champion – 2009
Annual Hotchkiss Invitational Tournament Champion – 2011
Despite Kent School's location in the same county, the Hotchkiss School and Taft School have a long-standing rivalry, where on the final Saturday of the fall sport season, called Taft Day at Hotchkiss and Hotchkiss Day at Taft, the two schools compete against each other in every sport. Similar boarding school traditions include the Andover–Exeter rivalry and Choate-Deerfield rivalry.
Hotchkiss offer over 65 clubs, including The Record, a biweekly, student-run newspaper circulated on campus and among alumni, The Mischianza yearbook, the Hotchkiss Chorus music ensemble, and extensive service organizations.
The school overlooks the Berkshires (named among the 200 Last Great Places by The Nature Conservancy) on a rural, 827 acres (3 km2) campus featuring 13 single-sex dorms (Baechle-Ayres, Buehler, Coy, Dana, Edelman, Flinn, Garland, Larsen House, Memorial, Tinker, Van Santvoord, Watson, and Wieler), 2 lakes, and 1 forest. The Main Building serves as the academic and social center, featuring 30 SmartBoard classrooms, the Edsel Ford Memorial Library with 87,000-volumes occupying 25,000 square feet, and dining halls.
An EPA Green Power Partner and Green Schools Ally, Hotchkiss requires all campus buildings to acquire LEED certification and was renovated to achieve the second highest, LEED Gold certification in 2008 and use 34% green power (ranked eighth largest, green K-12 school in 2009 by EPA), while upholding the Georgian architecture tradition from Bruce Price, Cass Gilbert, and Delano and Aldrich. The school renovation project earned Robert A.M. Stern Architects the 2010 Palladio Award, with Paul Rudolph and Butler Rogers Basket contributing elements of modern architecture.
Fairfield Farm at Hotchkiss
Beyond its increasingly visible role providing organically grown food for the School Dining Hall, the 270-acre Hotchkiss Farm is also where art classes can practice plein air painting, poetry classes can find inspiration, environmental science classes can explore terrain that includes rare grassland bird habitats, and American history classes can reflect on the fact that this was once part of a land grant from King George III. When completed, farm trails will add an estimated three to five miles to the six or more that already traverse the Hotchkiss Woods.
In 2005, Hotchkiss opened the 715-seat Esther Eastman Music Center, equipped with a handmade Fazioli F308 piano, 12 Steinway pianos, 12 practice rooms, 3 ensemble practice rooms, a WKIS radio station and Musical Instrument Digital Interface (MIDI) lab. Hotchkiss also has a 615-seat proscenium theater called Walker Auditorium.
In 2002, Hotchkiss opened the Forrest E. Mars Jr. Athletic Center, a 212,000 square-foot athletic center with multi-purpose playing surfaces, elevated indoor exercise track, the Andrew K. Dwyer and Martin Dwyer III Olympic Rink and Thomas Schmidt NHL Rink, natatorium with 10-lane pool and separate diving well, William C. Fowle Gymnasium (hardwood basketball court), Edward R. Davis Wrestling Room, Joseph Cullman Squash Courts featuring eight international squash courts, Ford Indoor Tennis Courts, John R. Chandler, Jr. Fitness Center, locker rooms, and shower facilities.
Hotchkiss Golf Course is a nine-hole golf course of just over 3,000 yards, designed by Seth Raynor in 1924 and rated by Golf Digest as one of the 25 best nine-hole courses in America. Hotchkiss also has the Baker Complex, including Sprole Field and an all-weather track; fifteen outdoor tennis courts; Joseph Cullman Paddle Tennis Courts; Centennial, Hoyt, Taylor, Downing, and Class of '49 Fields; Malkin Climbing Walls; Lake Wononscopomuc and a boathouse for sailing; three ponds; and extensive hiking trails.
Alumni with universally notable affiliations include:
- Jonathan Bush and William H.T. Bush (g. 1956) – George H.W. Bush's brothers
- Roy D. Chapin, Jr. (g. 1933) — Roy D. Chapin, Sr.'s son and American Motors CEO
- Eli Whitney Debevoise (g. 1917) — Eli Whitney descendant and Debevoise & Plimpton founder
- Tom Dolby (g. 1994) – Ray Dolby’s son and author
- Charles Edison (g. 1909) – Thomas Edison's son and 42nd Governor of New Jersey
- Frederick Vanderbilt Field (g. 1923) – Cornelius Vanderbilt's great-great-grandson, Samuel Osgood and Cyrus Field's descendant, and political activist
- Henry Ford II (g. 1936), Edsel Ford, William Clay Ford, Sr. (g. 1943) and Jr. (g. 1975) – Henry Ford's descendants and Ford Motor Company executives
- Alfred Whitney Griswold (g. 1925) – Eli Whitney descendant and Yale President
- Robert Lehman (g. 1908) – Philip Lehman's son and Lehman Brothers executive
- Jon B. Lovelace, Jr. (g. 1944) – Jonathan Bell Lovelace's son and The Capital Group Companies executive
- Forrest Mars, Jr. (g. 1949) and John Mars (g. 1953) – Franklin Clarence Mars' descendants and Mars, Inc. executives. In 2013, New York Times printed that Forrest Mars, Jr. financed and accompanied 90 Hotchkiss students on a cruise trip that encountered a 30-foot wave.
- Mark Mays (g. 1981) – Lowry Mays' son and Clear Channel Communications executive
- Philip W. Pillsbury (g. 1920) – Charles Alfred Pillsbury's grandson and Pillsbury Company executive
- Henry Luce (g. 1916) and Briton Hadden (g. 1916) – TIME founders
- Harold Stanley (g. 1904) – Morgan Stanley founder
- Nader Tehrani (g. 1981) – Dean, The Irwin S. Chanin School of Architecture of the Cooper Union, Founding Principal of NADAAA
In popular culture
- F. Scott Fitzgerald's book, This Side of Paradise (1920), and short story, Six of One (1932), mentions the school several times.
- In 1947, TIME magazine made a piece of Hotchkiss graffiti famous by publishing it twice: "In Lakeville, Conn., someone penciled in the Hotchkiss School lavatory: "Schuyler van Kilroy 3rd was here," a humorous, noble and generational-titled variation of the popular expression, "Kilroy was here."
- Archibald MacLeish's last interview (1982) in American Heritage magazine disclosed, "God, how I did not like Hotchkiss!"
- Rosemary Wells' book, Through the Hidden Door (1987), features the main character, Barney Penniman, who plans to attend Hotchkiss.
- Bret Easton Ellis' book, American Psycho (1991), features Patrick Bateman's fiancee, Evelyn, as a Hotchkiss graduate.
- Elizabeth Wurtzel's book, Prozac Nation (1994), mentions the school.
- Joe Klein's book, Primary Colors (1996), features the principal character, Henry Burton, as a Hotchkiss graduate frequently called "Hotchkiss."
- Jeffrey Archer's book, Sons of Fortune (2002), features the protagonist, Fletcher Davenport, as a Hotchkiss graduate.
- Jay McInerney's short story, The Madonna of the Turkey Season (2007), features a principal character, Aidan, as a Hotchkiss alumnus.
- The Mad Men TV series (2007) character, Glen Bishop, attends Hotchkiss. In season 5, episode 12 - "Commissions and Fees," he sneaks off campus to visit Sally Draper in New York.
- Malcolm Gladwell's book, David and Goliath (2013), mentioned the school.
- "PSS Private School Universe Survey". U.S. Department of Education's National Center for Education Statistics. 2012. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- "School Profile: The Hotchkiss School". The Association of Boarding Schools (TABS). 2014. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- "About Hotchkiss: Who We Are". The Hotchkiss School. 2014. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- "About Hotchkiss: Administration - G. Peter O'Neill Jr., 14th Head of School". The Hotchkiss School. 2014. Retrieved October 13, 2015.
- "About Hotchkiss: History & Traditions". Hotchkiss School. 2014. Archived from the original on November 20, 2014. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- a "With the guidance of then President of Yale University Timothy Dwight, Maria Hotchkiss established the School in 1891 to prepare young men for Yale...Hotchkiss offers a classical education, finding strength in a traditional approach that has worked well and stood the test of time." — ¶ 2 (Strengthened by Time)
- b "The week leading up to and including “Taft Day," the Saturday in the fall when Hotchkiss teams compete against the Taft School. From kickoff night to the Friday night pep rally and bonfire to Taft Day itself, blue and white rule." — ¶ 14 (Sprit Day, right sidebar)
- c "When the Hotchkiss School opened its doors in 1892, the first 50 boys were charged a boarding tuition of $600--more than many families could afford. But fortunately, Maria Hotchkiss had insisted on something unique in allocating the funds to establish the School: Hotchkiss would offer scholarship aid to deserving students." — ¶ 3 (A 123-Year Policy)
- d "Three years later, in September 1974, 88 young women entered Hotchkiss as preps, lower-mids, upper-mids, and seniors. Today, the number of boys and girls attending Hotchkiss is roughly equal." — ¶ 4 (Coeducation)
- e "As early as 1912 students from China have come to Hotchkiss...He also enabled Hotchkiss students to study abroad by having the School join the English-Speaking Union program and through the inception of the International Schoolboy Exchange in 1928. Today, the Hotchkiss student body includes students from 34 countries, and on average 5 to 10 students study abroad each year with the School Year Abroad program. Begun by the Class of 1948, The Fund for Global Understanding provides grant support for students participating in summer community service projects throughout the world. Hotchkiss is also a member of Round Square and Global Connections..." — ¶ 5 (Globally Connected)
- f "From the beginning, Maria Hotchkiss was not interested in establishing “a school for the pampered sons of rich gentlemen.”...In the 1960s Hotchkiss began its first formal participation in minority student recruitment programs such as the U.S. Grant Program – begun by Hotchkiss graduates attending Yale – as well as A Better Chance (ABC) and the Greater Opportunity (GO) Program. The Hotchkiss connection with Prep for Prep, an organization that helps prepare minority students for academically demanding independent schools, began in the early 1980s. Today, 43 percent of Hotchkiss students identify themselves as students of color." — ¶ 6 (Lessons of Differences)
- g "Of our 600 students, 21 percent come from countries other than the U.S."— ¶ 8 (Hotchkiss Today)
- "Athletics: Bearcat Athletics". The Hotchkiss School. 2014. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- "Taft-Hotchkiss Rivalry Heats Up: Saturday is Hotchkiss Day: Show your spirit!". Taft School. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- a "It is Spirit Week on campus as the excitement builds for Hotchkiss Day this Saturday, November 12. It will be an exciting day for Taft sports, as many of our teams travel north in the hopes of extending their winning records and defending Taft’s name against our perennial rival." — ¶ 1
- "The High Schools With The Highest SAT/ACT Scores In The Nation". Huffington Post. January 23, 2014. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- "About Hotchkiss: Life At Hotchkiss - Clubs & Activities". The Hotchkiss School. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
- "Head of School: Leadership Opportunity - July 2013" (PDF). The Hotchkiss School. July 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 20, 2014. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- a "...Value of Endowment: $455M." — Pg. 2
- b "Approximately 18% of the 1,860 applicants were offered admission this year." — Pg. 5, ¶ 3
- "Admission: Tuition & Financial Support". The Hotchkiss School. 2014. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- Kim, Josh (May 14, 2010). "The Eight Schools Association: Who? What? When? Where? Why?". Choate Rosemary Hall. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- "About: Member School Directory". Ten Schools Admissions Organization. 2014. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- "Founders League: Member Schools". Founders League. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- "ABOUT NEPSAC: Member Schools". New England Preparatory School Athletic Council. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- "About Us: CIS Directory of Schools". New England Association of Schools and Colleges. 2014. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- "Member Schools". Global Education Benchmark Group (GEBG). 2014. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- Vassallo, Damien (August 2011). "RSIS South Africa Project - July 2011: Leader’s Report" (PDF). Round Square. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- "Membership - School Profiles: The Hotchkiss School". Green Schools Alliance. Retrieved March 29, 2015.
- Pinkus, Ari (Fall 2013). "Sustainability educators convene at Hotchkiss for environmental summit". National Association of Independent Schools. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- "About CLS: Member Schools". Cum Laude Society. 2014. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- Fabrikant, Geraldine (January 26, 2008). "Age of Riches: At Elite Prep Schools, College-Size Endowments". New York Times. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- a "Educational Wealth: Some independent schools have accumulated sizeable endowments. Here are some of the largest, at the end of the schools' most recent fiscal year...Hotchkiss School, Lakeville, Conn. 430.0." — Pg. 1, Inforgraphic
- Bowen, John G. "Alumni Accomplishments - A Closer Look: George Van Santvoord '08". Hotchkiss School. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
- Kolowrat, Ernest (1992). "Hotchkiss: A Chronicle of an American School". Hotchkiss School. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
- a "Be a gentleman! That was the only rule, the Duke always liked to say, that the school truly had."— Pg. 33, ¶ 2
- Birmingham, Stephen (1987). "America's Secret Aristocracy". Little, Brown and Company. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
- a "His school, the Duke used to say (Hotchkiss) had only one rule, and that was "Be a gentleman," How he defined what a gentleman was he did not say, but what a gentleman was usually became clear when you discovered what a gentleman wasn't. A gentleman didn't cheat. he didn't lie. A gentleman wasn't petty. A gentleman wasn't intolerant of others' shortcomings. A gentleman wasn't a whiner, wasn't a gossip, wasn't a boor, wasn't inconsiderate of others' feelings..."
- "American Legends Interviews - Louis Auchincloss: The Rector of Justin". American Legends. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
- a "George Van Santvoord (1891-1975), whose distinguished bearing earned him the nickname the Duke. Van Santvoord, and his predecessor who was known as the King, claimed that at Hotchkiss there was only one rule for students to follow: Be a gentleman."— ¶ 2
- Shields, David D. (Summer 2014). "Hotchkiss Magazine: Summer 2014". Hotchkiss School. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
- a "And the number-one rule in the Blue Book—Be a gentleman."— Pg. 24, last ¶
- "Education: The Duke Steps Down". TIME. November 1, 1954. Retrieved March 13, 2015.
- a "Of all U.S. prep schools, few, if any, can beat the standards Hotchkiss has set. — ¶ 2
- "Jose A. Camprubi, Newspaper Owner". New York Times (New York). March 13, 1942. p. 19.
- Branch, Mark Alden (October 2002). "A Firm Foundation: How does an ever-changing cast of undergraduates keep an educational program for New Haven schoolchildren going for 50 years? For the Ulysses S. Grant Foundation, the answer is adaptability.". Yale Alumni Magazine. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- a "But Eugene Van Voorhis '55, ‘58LLB remembers when things were different. When Van Voorhis came to Yale from Hotchkiss in 1951, reaching out to New Haven “wasn’t the 'shoe' thing to do,” he recalls. Undaunted, Van Voorhis started a group to tutor middle school-aged African American students with an eye toward getting them admitted into elite boarding schools at a time when African American applicants were virtually unheard of in such places. Two years later, he incorporated his venture as the Ulysses S. Grant Foundation." — ¶ 2
- b "After two years of tutoring, the first “graduate,” Barry Loncke, was admitted to Hotchkiss. Four years later, he was admitted to Yale College in the Class of 1962; he is now a Superior Court judge in Sacramento, California." — Pg. 6
- "Participating Schools: Independent Boarding Schools - Connecticut". A Better Chance Program. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- Miller, Chloe (July 19, 2013). "Reunion Held For Hotchkiss School's GO Program: Inner-City Kids Spent Summers At Private School". Hartford Courant. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- a "The people that live up there would invite us on the weekends into their homes, to go to church with them and whatnot. There were a lot of families involved to take on all us inner-city kids, and the racial barrier was totally broken," Collins, who is black, said of the mostly white families who took the boys into their homes in Lakeville." — ¶ 14
- "The Hartford-Hotchkiss Greater Opportunity Program: Interim Report to the State Department of Education and the Hartford Board of Education - Summer 1968" (PDF). U.S. Department of Education's Institute of Education Sciences. Summer 1968. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- "Confucius Classroom at Hotchkiss School". Confucius Institute International Division (Hanban). November 1, 2010. Retrieved March 29, 2015.
- Xueqin, Jiang (August 11, 2010). "Beijing’s Study Abroad Market: Beijing parents expect SAT cramming when selecting a high school. But what about the kids?". The Diplomat. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- Boughton, Kathryn (July 19, 2011). "Chinese Students Learn About America at Portals". Litchfield County Times'. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- "About Hotchkiss: International Programs". The Hotchkiss School. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- Judson, George (August 15, 1991). "Summer School for the Very Ambitious". New York Times. Retrieved March 13, 2015.
- Carlson, Wendy (November 18, 2011). "At Prep School, Rolling Up Sleeves and Working the Soil". New York Times. Retrieved March 13, 2015.
- "Hotchkiss’s Fairfield Farm Grows Up". National Association of Independent Schools. September 10, 2013. Retrieved March 29, 2015.
- Woolf, Sarah (January 2010). "Are They Greener on the Other Side? Part Three: The Hotchkiss School". Deerfield Scroll. Retrieved March 29, 2015.
- "Academics: College Advising - Matriculation List (Classes of 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014)". The Hotchkiss School. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- Gamerman, Ellen (December 28, 2007). "How the Schools Stack Up". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved March 13, 2015.
- "Trophy Case: District Championships". Interscholastic Sailing Association. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- "Schools. Hotchkiss School, baseball". Library of Congress. May 4, 1933. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
- "Athletics: Athletic Program - Interscholastic Program". The Hotchkiss School. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
- "Athletics: Season Summaries". The Hotchkiss School. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- McDonald, Martha (June 2010). "Winsome Twosome". Traditional Building Magazine. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
- "Where We Work > Regions > North America > Areas > Berkshire Taconic Landscape". The Nature Conservancy. Retrieved March 29, 2015.
- "About Hotchkiss: Living at Hotchkiss - Dorm Life". The Hotchkiss School. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
- "Academics: Academic Resources". The Hotchkiss School. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
- "EPA Home > Climate Change > Clean Energy > Green Power Partnership > Partner List: Hotchkiss School". U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Retrieved March 28, 2015.
- "Reduce, Reuse, Rehab: Monahan Building, the Hotchkiss School, Lakeville, Connecticut". The Trust for Architectural Easements. February 17, 2010. Retrieved March 29, 2015.
- "Projects: HOTCHKISS NEW RESIDENCE HALLS (LEED GOLD 2008)". U.S. Green Building Council. 2008. Retrieved March 29, 2015.
- Deegan, David (October 29, 2009). "Two Connecticut Schools Recognized by EPA for Green Power Purchases". U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved March 29, 2015.
- "Athletics: Facilities - The Forrest E. Mars Jr. Athletic Center". The Hotchkiss School. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
- Whitten, Ron (28 February 2010). "Small Wonders". Golf Digest (Conde Nast). Retrieved 28 October 2015.
- "Athletics: Facilities - Other Facilities". The Hotchkiss School. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
- Cruice, Valerie (June 23, 1991). "Franklin's Greatest Hits At Early Music Festival". New York Times. Retrieved March 8, 2015.*a"Mr. Bush, who grew up in Greenwich and graduated from the Hotchkiss School and Yale University, is a bit of a musician himself, he said recently." — ¶ 16
- "Alumni Accomplishments". The Hotchkiss School. 2004. Retrieved March 8, 2015.
- "Media makers: The Sixth Form" (PDF). Hotchkiss Magazine. Winter 2008. Retrieved April 18, 2015.
- Nemy, Enid (February 7, 2000). "Frederick Vanderbilt Field, Wealthy Leftist, Dies at 94". New York Times. Retrieved March 8, 2015.
- a"After graduating from the Hotchkiss School in 1923, Mr. Field entered Harvard..." — ¶ 16
- Anderson, Jenny (January 17, 2013). "On Antarctic Trip, Students Encounter Whales and a 30-Foot Wave". New York Times. Retrieved March 13, 2015.
- a "The three-week adventure, financed significantly by Forrest Mars Jr., an alumnus of Hotchkiss (’49) and an heir to the Mars candy empire who also is on the ship, started with a flight to Santiago, Chile, where students bought sweaters in the local markets. — ¶ 8
- "Ray Marvin Keck, III". tamiui.edu. Retrieved October 23, 2015.
- "This Side of Paradise". adelaide.edu.au.
- "Miscellany, Jan. 13, 1947". TIME. January 13, 1947. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
- "Miscellany, Dec. 29, 1947". TIME. December 29, 1947. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
- Cownley, Robert (August–September 1982). "America Was Promises". American Heritage (magazine). Archived from the original on July 4, 2008. Retrieved March 16, 2015. Vol. 33, Issue 5, Paragraph 12.
- Amazon.com, "", Amazon.com: Preview of Through the Hidden Door, retrieved on 4-25-10.
- Ellis, Bret Easton (March 1991). American Psycho. Vintage Books of Random House. Retrieved March 28, 2015. Pg. 123, ¶ 2.
- History Unfolding retrieved 1-19-08
- Archer, Jeffrey (2003-12-07). "Sons of Fortune". ISBN 978-0-312-99353-5.
- McInerney, Jay (2009). "How It Ended: New and Collected Stories". Alfred A. Knopf. Retrieved March 13, 2015. Pg. 49
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hotchkiss School.|