Hotel Vancouver

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Fairmont Hotel Vancouver
Hotel vanc 2007.jpg
Present day Hotel Vancouver
Former namesHotel Vancouver
(1939–2001)
Record height
Tallest in Vancouver from 1939 to 1972[I]
Preceded byMarine Building
Surpassed byTD Tower
General information
Architectural styleChâteauesque
Location900 West Georgia Street
Vancouver, British Columbia
V6C 2W6
Coordinates49°17′02″N 123°07′15″W / 49.283839°N 123.120959°W / 49.283839; -123.120959Coordinates: 49°17′02″N 123°07′15″W / 49.283839°N 123.120959°W / 49.283839; -123.120959
Construction startedDecember 1929
OpeningMay 1939
OwnerLarco Enterprises
ManagementFairmont Hotels and Resorts
Height
Architectural110.64 m (363.0 ft)
Tip112.47 m (369.0 ft)
Technical details
Floor count17
Design and construction
ArchitectArchibald and Schofield
DeveloperCanadian National Railway
Other information
Number of rooms507
Number of restaurants1
Website
www.fairmont.com/HotelVancouver/
[1][2][3]

The Fairmont Hotel Vancouver, formerly and commonly referred to as the Hotel Vancouver, is a historic hotel in Vancouver, British Columbia. Located along West Georgia Street the hotel is situated within the city's Financial District, in Downtown Vancouver. The hotel was designed by two architects, John Smith Archibald, and John Schofield. The hotel is presently managed by Fairmont Hotels and Resorts.

Opened in May 1939, the Châteauesque-styled building is considered one of Canada's grand railway hotels. The hotel stands 112.47-metre-tall (369.0 ft), and contains 17 floors. Following its completion, the hotel became the tallest building in Vancouver until the completion of TD Tower in 1972.

Location[edit]

Hotel Vancouver sits at 900 West Georgia Street, within the Financial District, the central business district of Downtown Vancouver. The hotel property is bounded by Burrard Street to the northwest, West Georgia Street to the northeast, and Hornby Street to the southeast. To the southwest, the hotel property is bounded by two buildings, including 750 Burrard Street.

The hotel is located close to several attractions in downtown Vancouver. The hotel is situated directly northwest of the Vancouver Art Gallery, as well as Robson Square, a public square adjacent to the art museum. North of the hotel also lies Christ Church Cathedral, the oldest church in the city. The hotel is also situated near two SkyTrain rapid transit stations, Burrard station, and Vancouver City Centre station.

Design[edit]

Architecture[edit]

The chateauesque-styled Hotel Vancouver features a copper pitched roof with dormers.

Hotel Vancouver is one of Canada's grand railway hotels, initially built by Canadian National Railway. The building was designed by Canadian architects, John Smith Archibald, and John Schofield.[4] Although construction for the hotel began in 1929, its completion would not occur until 1939 as a result of funding issues during Great Depression.[5] The completion of the hotel required a joint investment into the property from Canadian Pacific Hotels, a division of Canadian Pacific Railway.[6]

The hotel was a part of series of Chateauesque grand railway hotels built throughout Canada in the late-19th and early 20th centuries. Like the other grand railway hotels, Hotel Vancouver incorporates elements from chateaus found in France's Loire Valley.[7] Chateauesque features found on Hotel Vancouver includes its prominent copper pitched roof with dormers, and carved stonework encompassing a steel frame.[7][8] In addition to chateauesque elements found on most grand railway hotels, Hotel Vancouver also incorporates Renaissance architectural detailings, gargoyles, and relief sculptures.[7]

Hotel Vancouver stands 112.47-metre-tall (369.0 ft), containing 17 floors made up of guest rooms and other hotel amenities. After the building was completed in 1939, it became the tallest building in Vancouver until the completion of TD Tower in 1972.[9]

Facilities[edit]

The main lobby of the hotel, with the entrance to the hotel restaurant, Notch8 Restaurant + Bar, on the left.

The Fairmont Hotel Vancouver includes 557 guest rooms and suites spread throughout the hotel.[10] Suites at Hotel Vancouver include the Lieutenant Governor's Suite and the Royal Suite. The Lieutenant Governor's Suite was designed with Art Deco stylings, and features black walnut veneer-panelled walls.[10]

In 2018, the hotel announced the completion of its four-year renovation project, which saw a reworked main lobby, and guest rooms. The project also restored the 14th floor of the hotel to its original decor from 1939. Restored items on the 14th floor include English harewood doors with bronze doorplates, bronze hallway doors, sapele-panelled walls with bronze strips at its elevator lobby.[10]

In addition to lodgings, the hotel also houses several food-based services, as well as a restaurant, Notch8 Restaurant + Bar. The restaurant also hosts the hotel's afternoon tea service.[11] Other facilities at the hotel include a gym, swimming pool, and spa.[12]

History[edit]

Plans to develop a railway hotel at the present site of Hotel Vancouver first emerged in the 1920s, from Canadian Northern Railway. In 1929 work on the present Hotel Vancouver commenced for Canadian National Railway.[7] Canadian National Railway built the hotel as a result of a land deal between the city, and Canadian Northern Railway, a company later acquired by Canadian National Railway.[7] The land deal required the city to prepare tidal flats on False Creek for the construction of railway yards and Pacific Central Station. In return, the company guaranteed the construction of a large downtown hotel, and make the city the western terminus for its rail network.[13]

Shortly after the erection of the building's steel frame however, work on the hotel was halted, as a result of the Great Depression. Work did not resume on the building until 1937, when Canadian National Railway partnered with Canadian Pacific Railway to complete the new hotel.[6] Work on the hotel was rushed to completion in time for King George VI and Queen Elizabeth's 1939 royal tour of Canada.[5] The hotel was the third hotel in the city to use the name "Hotel Vancouver". The first and second Hotel Vancouver were both located southeast of the present hotel on West Georgia Street.[14] In an effort to prevent competition with the new Hotel Vancouver, Canadian Pacific Railway, closed its hotel operations at the second Hotel Vancouver once the new hotel opened.[6] The second Hotel Vancouver building was torn down in 1949, after Canadian Pacific sold the property to Eaton's in December 1948.[6]

During the mid-20th century, the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation radio stations were located within Hotel Vancouver.[15] On 1 May 1940, Dal Richards began his career playing in an 11-piece band and a then-unknown 13-year-old Juliette at the hotel's Panorama Roof Ballroom, an event space at Hotel Vancouver.[16] Richard became a regular performer for The Roof, a CBC Radio show broadcast from the hotel.

In 1962, Canadian National Hotels, a division of Canadian National Railway, acquired Canadian Pacific Hotels' share of the property, gaining full ownership of the hotel. From 1963 to 1983, the hotel was managed by Hilton Hotels & Resorts. Canadian National Hotels resumed management of the hotel in 1983, after its management contract with Hilton ended.[17] In 1988 Canadian National Hotels sold its remaining nine properties, including Hotel Vancouver, to Canadian Pacific Hotels.[18]

The hotel was renamed the "Fairmont Hotel Vancouver" in 2001.

In 2001, Canadian Pacific Hotels was reorganized as Fairmont Hotels and Resorts, adopting the name from an American company it had purchased in 1999. The hotel's name was changed to the Fairmont Hotel Vancouver as a part of this re-branding effort.[19] In 2007 Fairmont Hotels and Resorts sold 25 hotel properties, including Hotel Vancouver, to Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec, although Fairmont continues to manage the hotel.[20] In 2015, the property was sold to Larco Enterprise for C$180 million.[21]

In preparation for the building's 80th anniversary, the hotel underwent a C$12 million renovation of the hotel lobby, restaurant, and guest rooms. The renovations took place from 2014 to 2018.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hotel Vancouver at Emporis
  2. ^ "Hotel Vancouver". SkyscraperPage.
  3. ^ Hotel Vancouver at Structurae
  4. ^ Luxton, Donald (2003). Building the West: The Early Architecture of British Columbia. Vancouver, British Columbia: Talonbooks. p. 491. ISBN 0-8892-2474-9.
  5. ^ a b Cameron, Ken; Harcourt, Mike (2009). City Making in Paradise: Nine Decisions that Saved Vancouver. D & M Publishers. p. 31. ISBN 1-9267-0681-1.
  6. ^ a b c d Kopytek, Bruce Allen (2014). Eaton's: The Trans-Canada Store. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 1-6258-4695-9.
  7. ^ a b c d e Kalman & 2012 156.
  8. ^ Kalman, Harold D. (1968). The Railway Hotels and the Development of the Château Style in Canada. University of Victoria Maltwood Museum. p. 21–22.
  9. ^ Al-Kodmany, Kheir; Mir M., Ali (2013). The Future of the City: Tall Buildings and Urban Design. WIT Press. p. 369. ISBN 1-8456-4410-7.
  10. ^ a b c d McCredie, Andrew (19 May 2018). "Hotel suites fit for a king or queen". Vancouver Sun. Postmedia Network Inc. Retrieved 20 September 2018.
  11. ^ Kwan, Tammy (6 September 2018). "Fairmont Hotel Vancouver launches whimsical Enchanted Forest afternoon tea". The Georgia Straight. Vancouver Free Press Publishing Corp. Retrieved 20 September 2018.
  12. ^ "Where to stay and what to do in Vancouver". The Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group Limited. 21 January 2016. Retrieved 20 September 2018.
  13. ^ Kalman & 2012 115.
  14. ^ Thirkell, Fred; Scullion, Bob (1996). Postcards from the Past: Edwardian Images of Greater Vancouver and the Fraser Valley. Heritage House Publishing Co. p. 47.
  15. ^ "CBUT-DT". History of Canadian Broadcasting. The Canadian Communications Foundation. 2018. Retrieved 20 September 2018.
  16. ^ "By the Numbers: The historic Hotel Vancouver". The Province. Postmedia Network Inc. 1 June 2014. Retrieved 20 September 2018.
  17. ^ "CP Hotels eyes growth". The Journal of Commerce. JOC Group. 3 December 1986. Retrieved 20 September 2018.
  18. ^ Newman, Peter C. (26 September 1988). "There wasn't a wet eye in the house". Macleans. Retrieved 20 September 2018.
  19. ^ Jang, Brent (22 August 2001). "CP spinoff destined to put Fairmont on the map". The Globe and Mail. The Globe and Mail Inc. Retrieved 20 September 2018.
  20. ^ "Royal York, Hotel Vancouver up for sale". CBC News. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 30 May 2014. Retrieved 20 September 2018.
  21. ^ Constantineau, Bruce (1 August 2015). "Vancouver hotel market heats up as American visitors return". Vancouver Sun. Postmedia Network Inc. Retrieved 20 September 2018.

Further reading[edit]

  • Kalman, Harld; Ward, Robin (2012). Exploring Vancouver: The Architectural Guide. D & M Publishers. ISBN 1-5536-5867-1.

External links[edit]