Hototogisu (magazine)

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Hototogisu (ホトトギス, "lesser cuckoo") is a Japanese literary magazine focusing primarily on haiku. Founded in 1897, it was responsible for the spread of modern haiku among the Japanese public[1] and is now Japan's most prestigious and long-lived haiku periodical.[2]

History[edit]

Hototogisu was founded in 1897 in Matsuyama by Yanagihara Kyokudō, who edited it under the direction of Masaoka Shiki.[3] It soon became the leading forum for Shiki's Nippon school of haiku. The following year, the magazine's headquarters moved to Tokyo and its editorship was taken over by Takahama Kyoshi.[3] At the same time, the magazine's scope was expanded to include tanka and haibun as well has haiku, and Shiki began publishing essays in his shaseibun ("sketch from life prose") style.[4] It had established itself as Japan's leading haiku magazine by this time, and the first Tokyo edition sold out on its first day.[5]

Following Shiki's death in 1902, the magazine's focus shifted to the fiction of modernist writers such as Natsume Sōseki, but in 1912 Kyoshi once again began including haiku.[6]

In 1916, Kyoshi initiated the "Kitchen Miscellanies" column in Hototogisu to promote the writings of women haiku poets such as Sugita Hisajo.[7][8]

When Kyoshi died in 1959, editorship passed to his son Toshio.[9] Since 1979, the editor has been Teiko Inahata (b. 1931), Kyoshi's granddaughter.[1][10][11]

Notable contributors[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hirai (2003), p. 7.
  2. ^ Ueda (2003), p. x.
  3. ^ a b Beichman (2002), p. 26.
  4. ^ Beichman (2002), p. 27.
  5. ^ Beichman (2002), p. 152.
  6. ^ Higginson (1985), p. 27.
  7. ^ Rodd, Laurel Rasplica. "Meiji Women's Poetry" in Copeland & Ortabasi (2006), p. 32
  8. ^ Ueda (2003), p. xxvi.
  9. ^ Higginson (1985), p. 28.
  10. ^ Donegan (2010), p. 100.
  11. ^ Ueda (2003), p. xxxii.

References[edit]

  • Beichman, Janine (2002). Masaoka Shiki: His Life and Works. Cheng & Tsui. ISBN 9780887273643. 
  • Copeland, Rebecca L.; Ortabasi, Melek, eds. (2006). The Modern Murasaki: Writing by Women of Meiji Japan. Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231137751. 
  • Donegan, Patricia (2010). Haiku Mind: 108 Poems to Cultivate Awareness and Open Your Heart. Shambhala Publications. ISBN 9781590307588. 
  • Hirai, Masako, ed. (2003). Now, To Be! Shiki’s Haiku Moments for Us Today / Ima, ikiru! Shiki no sekai. U-Time Publishing. ISBN 4-86010-040-9. 
  • Ueda, Makoto (2003). Far Beyond the Field: Haiku by Japanese Women. Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231128636. 
  • Higginson, William J.; Harter, Penny (1985). The Haiku Handbook: How to write, share, and teach haiku. McGraw-Hill. ISBN 9780070287860.