Houghton-le-Spring (UK Parliament constituency)

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Houghton-le-Spring
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
County County Durham until 1974, then Tyne and Wear
Major settlements Houghton-le-Spring
18851983
Number of members One
Replaced by Houghton & Washington and Easington[1]
Created from South Durham

Houghton-le-Spring was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1885 to 1983.

Centred on the town of Houghton-le-Spring in the City of Sunderland, it elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first-past-the-post system of election. It was abolished in 1983, and replaced by the new constituency of Houghton and Washington.

Boundaries[edit]

1918-1950: The Urban District of Houghton-le-Spring, the Rural Districts of South Shields and Sunderland, and part of the Rural District of Houghton-le-Spring.

1950-1955: The Urban Districts of Houghton-le-Spring and Seaham, and the Rural District of Sunderland.

1955-1974: The Urban Districts of Houghton-le-Spring and Seaham, and the Rural District of Sunderland except the parts of the civil parishes of Ford, Herrington, Hylton, and Silksworth added to the County Borough of Sunderland by the Sunderland Extension Act 1950.

1974-1983: The Urban Districts of Hetton, Houghton-le-Spring, and Seaham, and in the Rural District of Easington the civil parishes of Burdon, Cold Hesledon, Dalton-le-Dale, East Murton, Seaton with Slingley, and Warden Law.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 John Wilson Liberal
1886 Nicholas Wood Conservative
1892 Henry Fenwick Liberal
1895 Robert Cameron Liberal
1913 by-election Tom Wing Liberal
1918 Robert Richardson Labour
1931 Robert Chapman Conservative
1935 William Stewart Labour
1945 Bill Blyton Labour
1964 Tom Urwin Labour
1983 constituency abolished

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

John Wilson
General Election 1885: Houghton-le-Spring [2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Lib-Lab John Wilson 6,511 n/a
Conservative Nicholas Wood 4,767 n/a
Majority 1,744 n/a
Turnout n/a
Lib-Lab win (new seat)
General Election 1886: Houghton-le-Spring [3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Nicholas Wood 5,870
Lib-Lab John Wilson 5,059
Majority 811
Turnout
Conservative gain from Lib-Lab Swing

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: Houghton-le-Spring [4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Henry Fenwick 6,256
Conservative Nicholas Wood 4,823
Independent Jonathan Hargrove 814
Majority 1,433
Turnout
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing
Robert Cameron
General Election 1895: Houghton-le-Spring [5][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Robert Cameron 6,592
Conservative Vincent Charles Stuart Wortley Corbett 5,711
Majority 881
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Houghton-le-Spring [7][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Robert Cameron 6,865
Conservative Ralph Stapleton Ward Jackson 4,917
Majority 1,948
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1906: Houghton-le-Spring [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Robert Cameron 9,429
Liberal Unionist Roland Edmund Lomax Vaughan Williams 3,639
Majority 5,790
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Houghton-le-Spring [10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Robert Cameron 10,393 70.3
Conservative Hugh Sidney Streatfield 4,382 29.7
Majority 6,011 40.6
Turnout 84.4
Liberal hold Swing
General Election December 1910: Houghton-le-Spring [11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Robert Cameron unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a
Tom Wing
Houghton-le-Spring by-election, 1913
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Wing 6,930 43.6 n/a
Unionist Thomas Richardson 4,807 30.2 n/a
Labour William House 4,165 26.2 n/a
Majority 2,123 13.4 n/a
Turnout 83.6 n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 14 December 1918: Houghton-le-Spring[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Robert Richardson 7,315 36.4
Liberal Thomas Wing 6,626 32.9
National Democratic
  • John Lindsley
6,185 30.7 n/a
Majority 689 3.5
Turnout 61.8
Labour gain from Liberal Swing
  • Lindsley was the endorsed candidate of the Coalition Government.

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1922: Houghton-le-Spring[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Robert Richardson 14,611 51.9
Unionist Walter William Shaw 7,555 26.9
Liberal J E Johnston 5,958 21.2
Majority 7,056 25.0
Turnout 78.4 +16.8
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1923: Houghton-le-Spring [14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Robert Richardson 15,225 59.3 +7.4
Liberal Aaron Curry 10,445 40.7 +19.5
Majority 4,780 18.6 -6.4
Turnout 69.0 -9.4
Labour hold Swing -6.1
General Election 1924: Houghton-le-Spring [15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Robert Richardson 17,857 57.8
Liberal Aaron Curry 13,023 42.2
Majority 4,834 15.6
Turnout 79.6
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1929: Houghton-le-Spring [16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Robert Richardson 25,056 57.1 -0.7
Liberal Thomas Wing 10,267 23.4 -18.8
Unionist William George Pearson 8,545 19.5 n/a
Majority 14,789 33.7 -18.1
Turnout 80.3 0.7
Labour hold Swing -9.0

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Houghton-le-Spring
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Chapman 25,549 52.95
Labour Robert Richardson 22,700 47.05
Majority 2,849 5.90
Turnout 82.78
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1935: Houghton-le-Spring
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour William Stewart 30,665 57.15
Conservative Robert Chapman 22,290 42.85
Majority 7,675 14.30
Turnout 82.04
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Election in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Houghton-le-Spring
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Billy Blyton 43,730 66.67
Conservative TB Martin 21,864 33.33
Majority 21,866 33.34
Turnout 76.87
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1950: Houghton-le-Spring
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Billy Blyton 36,044 77.14
Conservative Beatrice Bolam 10,682 22.86
Majority 25,362 54.28
Turnout 87.22
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: Houghton-le-Spring
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Billy Blyton 37,718 75.80
Conservative Beatrice Bolam 12,042 24.20
Majority 25,676 51.60
Turnout 86.61
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1955: Houghton-le-Spring
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Billy Blyton 33,375 76.11
Conservative Thomas Edward Sydney Egerton 10,476 23.89
Majority 22,899 52.22
Turnout 79.49
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1959: Houghton-le-Spring
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Billy Blyton 35,960 75.93
Conservative Andrew Robert Coghill Arbuthnot 11,398 24.07
Majority 24,562 51.86
Turnout 83.41
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1964: Houghton-le-Spring
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Thomas Urwin 32,914 74.82
Conservative Peter Coles Price 11,076 25.18
Majority 21,838 49.64
Turnout 78.70
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1966: Houghton-le-Spring
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Thomas Urwin 32,067 77.51
Conservative Frederick Howard Michael Craig-Cooper 9,304 22.49
Majority 22,763 55.02
Turnout 73.88
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1970: Houghton-le-Spring
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Thomas Urwin 32,888 73.41
Conservative Frederick Howard Michael Craig-Cooper 11,914 26.59
Majority 20,974 46.81
Turnout 71.60
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Houghton-le-Spring
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Thomas Urwin 23,263 76.89
Conservative RC Ritchie 10,300 23.11
Majority 23,963 53.77
Turnout 75.13
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Houghton-le-Spring
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Thomas Urwin 29,699 68.44
Liberal W Robson 9,298 21.43
Conservative RC Ritchie 4,399 10.14
Majority 20,401 47.01
Turnout 72.44
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1979: Houghton-le-Spring
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Thomas Urwin 30,181 68.45
Conservative P Straw 9,105 20.65
Liberal J Ellis 4,479 10.16
Workers Revolutionary D Temple 326 0.74
Majority 21,076 47.08
Turnout 72.89
Labour hold Swing

References[edit]

  1. ^ "'Houghton-le-Spring', Feb 1974 - May 1983". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 23 March 2016. 
  2. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  3. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  4. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  5. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  6. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  7. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  8. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  9. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  10. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  11. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  12. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1918-1949 by FWS Craig
  13. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1918-1949 by FWS Craig
  14. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1918-1949 by FWS Craig
  15. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1918-1949 by FWS Craig
  16. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1918-1949 by FWS Craig