|Dates||c. 6500 – c. 5500 BC|
|Followed by||Beixin culture|
The Houli culture (6500–5500 BC) was a Neolithic culture in Shandong, China. The people of the culture lived in square, semi-subterranean houses. Archaeological evidence shows that domesticated dogs and pigs were used. The type site at Houli was discovered in the Linzi District of Shandong and was excavated from 1989 to 1990. The culture was followed by the Beixin culture.
Evidence of the earliest rice cultivation in the Yellow River basin came from carbonized rice grains from the Yuezhuang site in Jinan, Shandong. The carbonized rice was dated using AMS radiocarbon dating to 7050±80.
Currently, about a dozen sites have been found to be associated with the Houli culture. Five sites from the culture have been excavated so far.
Archaeologists also excavated domesticated millet from the Yuezhuang site. The millet found at Yuezhuang was predominately broomcorn millet and dated to around 8000 BP, making it one of the earliest sites in China to show evidence of millet cultivation. Rice grains were also found at the site.
- Allan, Sarah (ed), The Formation of Chinese Civilization: An Archaeological Perspective, ISBN 0-300-09382-9
- Liu, Li; et al. (2012). The Archaeology of China : From the Late Paleolithic to the Early Bronze Age. Cambridge University Press.
- Liu, Li. The Chinese Neolithic: Trajectories to Early States, ISBN 0-521-81184-8
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