Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians

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Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians
Maliseet Indian Wooden Hut Interior.jpg
Maliseet Indian Wooden Hut Interior,
watercolor by Robert Petley, ca. 1850
Total population
Regions with significant populations
 United States ( Maine)
English, Malecite-Passamaquoddy
traditional tribal religion, Christianity
Related ethnic groups
other Maliseet people

The Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians of Maine is a federally recognized tribe of Maliseet, whose land is along the Meduxnekeag River in Maine.[2] They are headquartered in Houlton, Maine, located in Aroostook County.

This tribe is related to the larger Maliseet First Nations of New Brunswick, Canada.[3] The Maliseet have traditionally occupied areas of the Saint John River valley, including its tributary, the Meduxnekeag River. When Great Britain and the United States established a boundary through this area under the Jay Treaty of 1794, the Maliseet were given the right to freely cross the border with Canada, as it was within their ancestral territory.[3]

They belonged to the Algonquian languages family. The people now use English as their first language. They constitute nearly 6% of the population of Houlton.


The Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians of Maine is governed by an elected six-member council. The current chief is Brenda Commander.[4]

The tribe obtained federal recognition on 10 October 1980.

Economic development[edit]

The Houlton Maliseet farm potatoes, barley, and clover on tribal lands. They also own a roller skating rink.[1]


  1. ^ a b "Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians." Archived 2 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Region 1: EPA New England. Retrieved 30 July 2013.
  2. ^ Pritzker 428
  3. ^ a b Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians, Official Website, accessed 24 November 2013
  4. ^ "Government." Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians. Retrieved 30 July 2013.


  • Pritzker, Barry M. A Native American Encyclopedia: History, Culture, and Peoples. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. ISBN 978-0-19-513877-1

External links[edit]