Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians
Maliseet Indian Wooden Hut Interior.jpg
Maliseet Indian Wooden Hut Interior,
watercolor by Robert Petley, ca. 1850
Total population
869[1]
Regions with significant populations
 United States ( Maine)
Languages
English, Malecite-Passamaquoddy
Religion
traditional tribal religion, Christianity
Related ethnic groups
other Maliseet people

The Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians of Maine is a federally recognized tribe of Maliseet, whose land is along the Meduxnekeag River in Maine.[2] They are headquartered in Houlton, Maine, located in Aroostook County.

This tribe is related to the larger Maliseet First Nations of New Brunswick, Canada.[3] The Maliseet have traditionally occupied areas of the Saint John River valley, including its tributary, the Meduxnekeag River. When Great Britain and the United States established a boundary through this area under the Jay Treaty of 1794, the Maliseet were given the right to freely cross the border with Canada, as it was within their ancestral territory.[3]

They belonged to the Algonquian languages family. The people now use English as their first language. They constitute nearly 6% of the population of Houlton.

Government[edit]

The Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians of Maine is governed by an elected six-member council. The current chief is Clarissa Sabattis (Pisuni Cihpolakon).[4]

The tribe obtained federal recognition on 10 October 1980.

Economic development[edit]

The Houlton Maliseet farm potatoes, barley, and clover on tribal lands. They also own a roller skating rink.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians." Archived 2 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Region 1: EPA New England. Retrieved 30 July 2013.
  2. ^ Pritzker 428
  3. ^ a b Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians, Official Website, accessed 24 November 2013
  4. ^ "Government." Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians. Retrieved 30 July 2013.

References[edit]

  • Pritzker, Barry M. A Native American Encyclopedia: History, Culture, and Peoples. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. ISBN 978-0-19-513877-1

External links[edit]