Hour of the Gun
|Hour of the Gun|
|Directed by||John Sturges|
|Produced by||John Sturges|
Mirisch-Kappa (Production company)
|Written by||Edward Anhalt|
Douglas D. Martin's novel:
|Music by||Jerry Goldsmith|
|Cinematography||Lucien Ballard, ASC|
|Edited by||Ferris Webster|
|Distributed by||United Artists|
|Box office||$2 million|
Hour of the Gun is a 1967 Western film depicting Wyatt Earp and Doc Holliday during their 1881 battles against Ike Clanton and his brothers in the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral, and the gunfight's aftermath in and around Tombstone, Arizona, starring James Garner as Earp, Jason Robards as Holliday, and Robert Ryan as Clanton. The film was directed by John Sturges.
Sturges had previously directed a fictionalized version of the same events in the film Gunfight at the O.K. Corral (1957) starring Burt Lancaster and Kirk Douglas but Hour of the Gun attempts more historical accuracy than most motion picture accounts of the events and is based on the non-fiction book Tombstone's Epitaph by Douglas D. Martin, with a screenplay by Edward Anhalt. In Hour of the Gun Ike Clanton is shown, correctly, to have survived the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral, whereas previous films had him killed at the gunfight. During the film's opening title and credits sequence, an onscreen title appears last: "This picture is based on Fact. This is the way it happened."
Outnumbered but determined, Deputy Marshal of Tombstone Wyatt Earp (James Garner); his older brother Virgil (Frank Converse), who is the current City Marshal; his younger brother Morgan (Sam Melville), a Tombstone special police officer; and ally Doc Holliday (Jason Robards), who was made an officer and given a badge for the occasion, confront and clearly get the best of the Ike Clanton gang in a violent shootout at the O.K. Corral in the Arizona town of Tombstone.
Ike (Robert Ryan), a rustler, conspires to have the Earps charged with murder and tried in a court of law. When they are cleared, Virgil runs for re-election as Tombstone City Marshal, but is ambushed and maimed by some of Clanton's hired guns. Morgan elects to run for the office in his brother's place, but he is assassinated on election day after winning.
While seeing Virgil and his family off to California for their safety, Earp kills Frank Stillwell, foiling an attempted ambush orchestrated by Clanton. An appointment as a federal marshal then gives him the authority to pursue the others involved in the attacks on his brothers. Doc Holliday, a gambler who has been on the wrong side of the law himself more than once, assembles a posse to support the pursuit. The men locate Pete Spence, "Curly" Bill Brocius and Andy Warshaw. However, in each case, Earp manipulates the circumstances to get his target to draw a weapon rather than simply surrendering, thus enabling Earp to legally kill them rather than merely arresting them. Holliday calls Earp out on his tactics but his strength gives out due to his tuberculosis and Earp transports him to a sanitarium in Colorado.
With Clanton weakened, wealthy interests in Tombstone step forward to end the dispute, buying off the men supporting Clanton, which leads him to hide out in Mexico. To entice Earp to remain in Tombstone, they tell him they are seeking an appointment for him as Chief U.S. Marshal that could one day make him the Adjutant general for the territory. Earp declines to give his answer to the offer immediately but tells Holliday that he's going back to Tombstone to accept the job. Holliday doesn't believe him and knows Earp is really going to Mexico to track down Clanton with the cooperation of the Mexican federal authorities. Holliday again joins Earp on the mission, which ends with a final showdown in which Earp shoots Clanton dead in a fast-draw duel between the two.
Earp returns to the Colorado sanitarium to visit the ailing Holliday and says goodbye to his unlikely friend, telling him this time he really is returning to Tombstone. As he leaves, though, Earp admits to a visiting Tombstone elder that he's leaving the Southwest altogether, intending never to be involved in law enforcement again. Holliday glances to the countryside as his friend rides away and then resumes his poker game with his sanitarium health aide.
This is the second film by John Sturges about these events, following the fictionalized film from ten years earlier, Gunfight at the O.K. Corral, which had featured Burt Lancaster as Earp and Kirk Douglas as Holliday. However, Ike Clanton is killed at the end of the earlier film (during the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral itself). In Hour of the Gun, Clanton not only survives the gunfight, but is a major antagonist thereafter. Where Gunfight at the O.K. Corral is more about the main gun battle, this film begins with the gunfight and moves forward from there. Because Hal B. Wallis had scripted everything in the earlier Gunfight at the O.K. Corral, Sturges was disappointed with that film. Hour of the Gun is more of a psychological "melancholy character study".
(James Garner also played the lead as Wyatt Earp in a different film more than two decades later, Blake Edwards's Sunset (1988), a comedy thriller based on the 1920s period during which Earp was a technical adviser for silent films. Bruce Willis, in his second theatrical film, portrays Tom Mix. The film's music is composed by Jerry Goldsmith.)
Garner wrote in his memoirs that he agreed to make the film without reading the script because he thought so highly of Sturges.
Hour of the Gun was filmed in the state of Durango, Mexico; at Estudios Churubusco Azteca (studio) in Mexico City, México D.F., Mexico; San Miguel de Allende, Guanajuato, Mexico; and in Torreón, Coahuíla, Mexico.
Bruce Eder, at AllMovie, calls Garner's portrayal of Earp as "taciturn, emotionally repressed, deeply troubled and torn", but criticizes Edward Anhalt's script as being too strict to historical facts and confining the actors, especially Garner. Roger Ebert from Chicago Sun-Times says: "Garner turns in one of his best performances."
- Lovell, Glenn (2008). Escape Artist: The Life and Films of John Sturges. University of Wisconsin Press. p. 260. ISBN 9780299228309.
- Eder, Bruce. "Hour of the Gun (1967) - John Sturges | Review". AllMovie. Retrieved June 2, 2008.
- Brenner, Paul. "Hour of the Gun (1967) - John Sturges | Synopsis, Characteristics, Moods, Themes and Related". AllMovie. Retrieved June 2, 2008.
- "Hour of the Gun (1967) - Full Cast & Crew". IMDb. Retrieved June 2, 2008.
- Garner, James; Winokur, Jon (2011). The Garner Files: A Memoir. Simon & Schuster. p. 256. ISBN 9781451642612.
- "Hour of the Gun (1967) - Filming & Production". IMDb. Retrieved June 2, 2008.
- Ebert, Roger (October 24, 1967). "Hour of the Gun". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved June 19, 2020 – via RogerEbert.com.
- "Hour of the Gun". Amazon Prime Video. Retrieved April 18, 2021.