Hour record

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The hour record is the record for the longest distance cycled in one hour on a bicycle from a stationary start. Cyclists attempt this record alone on the track without other competitors present. It is considered one of the most prestigious records in cycling. Since it was first set, cyclists ranging from unknown amateurs to well-known professionals have held the record, adding to its prestige, romance and allure. There is now one unified record for upright bicycles meeting the requirements of the Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI). Hour-record attempts for UCI bikes are made in a velodrome.

Early hour records (until 1972)[edit]

James Moore who set the first recorded hour record of 23.3 km in 1873

The first universally accepted record was in 1876 when the American Frank Dodds rode 26.508 km (16.471 mi) on a penny-farthing.[1] The first recorded distance[2] was set in 1873 by James Moore in Wolverhampton, riding an Ariel 49" high wheel (1.2 m) bicycle; however, the distance was recorded at exactly 14.5 miles (23.3 km), leading to the theory that the distance was just approximated and not accurately measured.[3]

The first officially recognised record was set by Henri Desgrange at the Buffalo Velodrome, Paris in 1893 following the formation of the International Cycling Association, the forerunner of the modern-day UCI. Throughout the run up to the First World War, the record was broken on five occasions by Frenchmen Oscar Egg and Marcel Berthet, and due to the attempts being highly popular and guaranteeing rich attendances, it is said that each ensured he did not beat the record by too much of a margin, enabling further lucrative attempts by the other.[nb 1]

The hour was attempted sporadically over the following 70 years, with most early attempts taking place at the Buffalo Velodrome in Paris, before the Velodromo Vigorelli in Milan became popular in 1930s and 1940s sparking attempts from leading Italian riders and former Giro d'Italia winners such as Fausto Coppi and Ercole Baldini. Coppi's record set in 1942, during the Second World War, despite Milan being bombed nightly by Allied forces, was eventually broken in 1956 by Jacques Anquetil on his third attempt. In 1967, 11 years later, Anquetil again broke the hour record, with 47.493 km (29.511 mi), but the record was disallowed because he refused to take the newly introduced post-race doping test.[4] He had objected to what he saw as the indignity of having to urinate in a tent in front of a crowded velodrome and said he would take the test later at his hotel. The international judge ruled against the idea, and a scuffle ensued that involved Anquetil's manager, Raphaël Géminiani. In 1968, Ole Ritter broke the record in Mexico City, the first attempt at altitude since Willie Hamilton in 1898.[citation needed]

The women's hour record was first established in 1893 by Mlle de Saint-Sauveur at the Vélodrome Buffalo in Paris, setting a total distance of 26.012 km (16.163 mi). The record was improved several times over the next years, until Louise Roger reached 34.684 km (21.552 mi) in 1897 also at Vélodrome Buffalo.[5] In 1911 the longest standing men's or women's record (37 years) was set by the 157 cm (5 ft 2 in) tall Alfonsina Strada: 37.192 km (23.110 mi) riding a 20 kg (44 lbs) machine.[6][7] From 1947 to 1952, Élyane Bonneau and Jeannine Lemaire set several new hour records, the last of which was 39.735 km (24.690 mi) by Lemaire in 1952.[8][9] The first women's hour record approved by the UCI was by Tamara Novikova in 1955. However Lemaire's 1952 non-UCI record was not bettered until Elsy Jacobs' broke the 40 kmh barrier in 1958, the year Jacobs had won the inaugural women's road world championship. Jacobs' 1958 41.347 km UCI record would not be bettered until 1972.

Historical hour records[edit]

UCI hour record (1972–2014)[edit]

1972–1984: Merckx, Moser and new technology[edit]

Eddy Merckx's 1972 hour record steel-framed bike

In 1972, Eddy Merckx set a new hour record at 49.431 km (30.715 mi) in Mexico City at an altitude of 2,300 m (7,500 ft) where he proclaimed it to have been "the hardest ride I have ever done".[12]

The record would stand for 12 years until in January 1984, Francesco Moser set a new record at 51.151 km (31.784 mi). This was the first noted use of disc wheels, which provided an aerodynamic gain as well as Moser wearing a skin suit. Moser's record would eventually be moved in 1997 to "best human effort".[12]

1990s: non-traditional riding positions[edit]

In 1993 and 1994, Graeme Obree, who built his own bikes, posted two records with his hands tucked under his chest. In 1994, Moser set the veteran's record at 51.840 km (32.212 mi)[13] in Mexico City. Moser beat his 1984 record, using bullhorn handlebars, steel airfoil tubing, disk wheels and skinsuit. It was also faster than Obree's first record in 1993. Following the outlawing of the "praying mantis" style by the UCI in May 1994, Spaniard Miguel Indurain and Swiss Tony Rominger broke the record using a more traditional tri-bar setup with Rominger setting a distance of 55.291 km.

Lotus Type 108 bicycle
The Lotus 108 bicycle, a forerunner to the Lotus 110 Chris Boardman used to set a new hour record of 56.375 km (35.030 mi) in 1996.

Chris Boardman took up the challenge using a modified version of the Lotus 110 bicycle, a successor to the earlier Lotus 108 bicycle he'd ridden to victory at the 1992 Olympic Games. South African company Aerodyne Technology built the frame. Boardman set the UCI Absolute record of 56.375 km (35.030 mi) in 1996, using another position pioneered by Obree, his arms out in front in a "Superman" position. This too was considered controversial by the UCI, and while the record was allowed to stand, the position was banned making Boardman's record set in 1996, it was thought, effectively unbeatable using traditional bike position. The record stood as a best human effort until October 2022, when Filippo Ganna unified the records, beating Boardman's best human effort record (and Daniel Bigham's official UCI Hour record) on a traditionally shaped, though uniquely manufactured, bicycle.[12]

1997 UCI rule change[edit]

With the increasing gap between modern bicycles and what was available at the time of Merckx's record, the UCI established two records in 1997:

  • UCI Hour Record: which restricted competitors to roughly the same equipment as Merckx, banning time trial helmets, disc or tri-spoke wheels, aerodynamic bars and monocoque frames.
  • Best Human Effort: also known as the UCI "Absolute" Record[12] in which modern equipment was permitted.

As a result of the 1997 rule change, all records since 1972, including Boardman's 56.375 km (35.030 mi) in 1996, were moved to Best Human Effort and the distance of Eddy Merckx set in 1972 once more became the official UCI benchmark. In 2000, Boardman attempted the UCI record on a traditional bike, and rode 49.441 km (30.721 mi), topping Merckx by 10 metres (32.8 ft), an improvement of 0.02%.

In 2005, Ondřej Sosenka improved Boardman's performance at 49.700 km (30.882 mi) using a 54×13 gear. However, Sosenka failed a doping control in 2001 and then again in 2008, the latter resulting in a career-ending suspension which puts in doubt the validity of his record. All women's records from 1986 to 1996 were recategorized to Best Human Effort.

Hour record holders (men's)[edit]

UCI hour record (1972–2014)[14][15]
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Equipment
25 October 1972 Belgium Eddy Merckx 27 Agustín Melgar (333 meters outdoor concrete high-altitude), Mexico City, Mexico 49.431 Drop handlebar, round steel tubing frame, wire spokes. 5.5 kg Colnago (drilled chain & handlebars) [16]
27 October 2000 United Kingdom Chris Boardman 32 Manchester Velodrome (250 meters indoor wood sea-level), Manchester, UK 49.441 Drop handlebar, carbon fibre tubing frame, wire spokes.
19 July 2005 Czech Republic Ondřej Sosenka 29 Krylatskoye (333 meters indoor wood sea-level), Moscow, Russia 49.700 Drop handlebar, carbon fibre tubing frame, wire spokes.
UCI best human effort (1984–2014)[14][15]
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Equipment
19 January 1984 Italy Francesco Moser 32 Agustín Melgar (333 meters outdoor concrete high-altitude), Mexico City, Mexico 50.808 Bullhorn handlebar, oval steel tubing frame, disc wheels.
23 January 1984 Italy Francesco Moser 32 Agustín Melgar (333 meters outdoor concrete high-altitude), Mexico City, Mexico 51.151 Bullhorn handlebar, oval steel tubing frame, disc wheels.
17 July 1993 United Kingdom Graeme Obree 27 Vikingskipet (250 meters indoor wood sea-level), Hamar, Norway 51.596 Graeme Obree-style "praying mantis" handlebar, round steel tubing frame, carbon tri-spoke wheels.
23 July 1993 United Kingdom Chris Boardman 24 Velodrome du Lac (250 meters indoor wood sea-level), Bordeaux, France 52.270 Triathlon handlebar, carbon airfoil tubing frame, carbon 4-spoke wheels.
27 April 1994 United Kingdom Graeme Obree 28 Velodrome du Lac (250 meters indoor wood sea-level), Bordeaux, France 52.713 Graeme Obree-style "praying mantis" handlebar, round steel tubing frame, carbon tri-spoke wheels.
2 September 1994 Spain Miguel Indurain 30 Velodrome du Lac (250 meters indoor wood sea-level), Bordeaux, France 53.040 Wide triathlon handlebar, carbon monocoque aero frame, disc wheels.
22 October 1994 Switzerland Tony Rominger 33 Velodrome du Lac (250 meters indoor wood sea-level), Bordeaux, France 53.832 Triathlon handlebar, oval steel tubing frame, disc wheels.
5 November 1994 Switzerland Tony Rominger 33 Velodrome du Lac (250 meters indoor wood sea-level), Bordeaux, France 55.291 Triathlon handlebar, oval steel tubing frame, disc wheels.
6 September 1996 United Kingdom Chris Boardman 28 Manchester Velodrome (250 meters indoor wood sea-level), Manchester, UK 56.375 Graeme Obree "superman-style" handlebar, carbon monocoque aero frame, 5-spoke front and rear disc wheel.

Hour record holders (women's)[edit]

UCI hour record (1972–2014) [17]
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Equipment
25 November 1972 Italy Maria Cressari 28 Agustín Melgar Olympic Velodrome, Mexico City, Mexico 41.471 4.7-kilogram Colnago, drop handlebars, wire spokes.[18]
16 September 1978 Netherlands Keetie van Oosten 29 Munich, Germany 43.082 RIH superlight steel frame, drop handlebars, wire spokes.[19][20]
18 October 2000 Australia Anna Wilson-Millward 26 Vodafone Arena, Melbourne, Australia 43.501 Perkins, Columbus steel tubing, box section rims, wire spokes
5 November 2000 France Jeannie Longo-Ciprelli 42 Agustín Melgar Olympic Velodrome, Mexico City, Mexico 44.767 Drop handlebar, steel tubing frame, wire spokes.
7 December 2000 France Jeannie Longo-Ciprelli 42 Agustín Melgar, Mexico City, Mexico 45.094 Drop handlebar, steel tubing frame, wire spokes.
1 October 2003 Netherlands Leontien Zijlaard-van Moorsel 33 Agustín Melgar, Mexico City, Mexico 46.065 Drop handlebar, Koga chromoly tubing frame, box section rims, wire spokes[21]
UCI best human effort (1986–2014) [17]
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Equipment
20 September 1986 France Jeannie Longo-Ciprelli 27 OTC Velodrome, Colorado, United States of America 44.770
23 September 1987 France Jeannie Longo-Ciprelli 28 OTC Velodrome, Colorado, United States of America 44.933
1 October 1989 France Jeannie Longo-Ciprelli 30 Agustín Melgar Olympic Velodrome, Mexico City, Mexico 46.352
29 April 1995 France Catherine Marsal 24 Bordeaux, France 47.112 Corima carbon composite bicycle. Corima 12 spoke/Corima disc wheels. Tri-Bar.[22]
17 June 1995 United Kingdom Yvonne McGregor 34 Manchester Velodrome Manchester, England 47.411 Terry Dolan bicycle. Cinelli tri-bar, Corima disc wheels
26 October 1996 France Jeannie Longo-Ciprelli 38 Agustín Melgar Olympic Velodrome, Mexico City, Mexico 48.159

UCI unified hour record (2014–present)[edit]

Unified rule change (2014)[edit]

The bike used by Jens Voigt in the first attempt under the unified regulations in 2014
Former hour record holder Bradley Wiggins, pictured here at the 2013 UCI Road World Championships

In 2014, the UCI unified the two classifications into a single classification in line with regulations for current track pursuit bikes. Records previously removed for Chris Boardman and Graeme Obree were returned, however the benchmark record would remain at 49.7 km (30.9 mi) set in 2005 by Ondrej Sosenka, even though that was not the farthest distance.[23][24] Under the new regulations riders may use any bike allowed by the UCI standards for endurance track events in place at the time of the attempt.[25]

Riders are required to be part of the athlete biological passport program.[26] However, of the men to attempt the record since the rule change, only five were on a UCI World Tour team at the time: Jens Voigt of Trek Factory Racing,[27] Rohan Dennis of the BMC Racing Team, Alex Dowsett of the Movistar Team, Victor Campenaerts of Lotto Soudal, Filippo Ganna of Ineos Grenadiers. Matthias Brändle was with IAM Cycling, then a UCI Professional Continental team. Jack Bobridge was on Team Budget Forklifts, an Australian UCI Continental team. Thomas Dekker had been released from World Tour team Garmin-Sharp several months before. Gustav Larsson was riding for the Professional Continental team Cult Energy Pro Cycling, whilst Bradley Wiggins had left the World Tour's Team Sky shortly before his attempt, which was made in the colours of his own UCI Continental team WIGGINS.

As of October 2022, 26 attempts have been made for the men's record, eight successfully, while nine attempts have been made on the women's record, six of them successfully.

Unified hour record attempts (men's)[edit]

Following the change in the rules, German Jens Voigt became the first rider to attempt the hour, on 18 September 2014 at the Velodrome Suisse, Grenchen, Switzerland.[28][29] He set a new record of 51.110 km (31.758 mi), beating the previous record set by Sosenka by 1.41 km (0.88 mi).[12] On 30 October 2014, Matthias Brändle set a new record of 51.852 km (32.219 mi) at the World Cycling Center in Aigle, Switzerland.

Further attempts by Australians Jack Bobridge and Rohan Dennis, and the Dutchman Thomas Dekker came within a few weeks, between 31 January and 25 February 2015. Dennis was the only one of the three to set a new record, and in doing so was the first rider to cover more than 52 kilometres (32.3 mi). Dekker's attempt at the Aguascalientes Bicentenary Velodrome was the first attempt to take place at appreciable altitude. Aguascalientes is at 1,890 m (6,200 ft) above sea level, while Melbourne is at only 31 m (102 ft), and, although in Switzerland, Grenchen and Aigle are at 451 m (1,480 ft) and 415 m (1,362 ft) respectively, and not in the mountains. High altitude is thought to result in faster times, providing the rider takes the time to acclimatise to the conditions.[30] This is because the air density decreases with an increase in altitude, which reduces the aerodynamic drag.[31]

Having postponed an earlier scheduled attempt due to a broken collarbone incurred in a crash while training, British cyclist Alex Dowsett exceeded Dennis's mark, with a new record of 52.937 km (32.894 mi), at Manchester Velodrome on 2 May 2015.[32]

On 7 June 2015, Sir Bradley Wiggins broke Dowsett's record, by completing a distance of 54.526 km (33.881 mi) at the Lee Valley VeloPark in London.[33]

On 16 April 2019, Victor Campenaerts was the first to exceed 55 km/h by completing a distance of 55.089 km (34.231 mi) at the Velodromo Bicentenario in Aguascalientes.[34]

The UCI rules require an athlete to participate in its anti-doping system, including having a biological passport. When Daniel Bigham rode 54.723 km (34.003 mi) to break Wiggins's British national record on 1 October 2021[35] he was ineligible to attempt the UCI record as he was not part of the anti-doping system, estimating it would cost him £8,000.[36]

Men's UCI hour record attempts and record holders (since the rule revision in 2014)[14][15]
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Supported by Equipment Notes
18 September 2014 Germany Jens Voigt 43 Velodrome Suisse, Grenchen, Switzerland (altitude 450m) 51.110
(New record)
United States Trek Bicycle Corporation[37] Triathlon handlebar, Trek carbon fibre tubing frame, disc wheels,[38] chain on a 55/14 gear ratio.[39] Sport records icon WR.svg First attempt under the new rule-set and oldest record holder at 43 years old and one day.
Sport records icon NR.svg Set new German national record.
30 October 2014 Austria Matthias Brändle 24 World Cycling Centre Aigle, Switzerland (altitude 380m) 51.852
(New record)
Switzerland IAM Cycling[40] Triathlon handlebar, SCOTT carbon fibre tubing frame, disc wheels, chain on a 55/13 gear ratio.[39] Sport records icon WR.svg Sport records icon NR.svg Set new Austrian national record.
31 January 2015 Australia Jack Bobridge 24 Darebin International Sports Centre, Melbourne, Australia 51.300
(Failure)
Australia Cycling Australia[41] Triathlon handlebar, Cervelo carbon fibre tubing frame, disc wheels. Failed to set new hour record.
Sport records icon NR.svg Beat Brad McGee's previous Australian national record of 50.300 km set in 2000.[42]
8 February 2015 Australia Rohan Dennis 24 Velodrome Suisse, Grenchen, Switzerland (altitude 450m) 52.491
(New record)
United States BMC Racing Team Triathlon handlebar, BMC carbon fibre tubing frame, disc wheels, chain on a 56/14 gear ratio.[43] Sport records icon WR.svg Sport records icon NR.svg Beat Jack Bobridge's previous Australian national record of 51.300 km set in January 2015.
25 February 2015 Netherlands Thomas Dekker 30 Aguascalientes Bicentenary Velodrome, Aguascalientes, Mexico 52.221
(Failure)
Netherlands Koga[44] Koga TeeTeeTrack with Mavic Comete Track wheels, Koga components, Rotor cranks with a KMC (3/32") chain on a 58/14 gear ratio.[45] First attempt at altitude (2000 m). Failed to set new hour record.
Sport records icon NR.svg Set new Dutch national record.
14 March 2015 Sweden Gustav Larsson 34 Manchester Velodrome, Manchester, United Kingdom 50.016
(Failure)
United Kingdom Revolution Series
Denmark Cult Energy Pro Cycling[46]
Ridley carbon track bike with front and rear disc wheels, triathlon handlebars. Failed to set new hour record.
Sport records icon NR.svg Set new Swedish national record, beating previous record of 45.335 km.[47]
2 May 2015 United Kingdom Alex Dowsett 26 Manchester Velodrome, Manchester, United Kingdom[48] 52.937
(New record)
Spain Movistar Team Canyon Speedmax WHR carbon track bike, with Campagnolo Pista disc wheels, Pista crankset with 54 or 55 or 56t chainring.[49][50] Sport records icon WR.svg Sport records icon NR.svg Set new British national record, beating Chris Boardman's record of 49.441 km set in 2000.
7 June 2015 United Kingdom Bradley Wiggins 35 Lee Valley VeloPark, London, United Kingdom[51] 54.526
(New record)
United Kingdom Team Wiggins Pinarello Bolide HR, SRAM Crankset,[52] modified front fork, custom printed handlebars,[53] 58/14 gear ratio.[54] Sport records icon WR.svg Sport records icon NR.svg Set new British national record, beating Alex Dowsett's record.

Set CURRENT sea-level world best.

21 March 2016 Switzerland Micah Gross Velodrome Suisse, Grenchen, Switzerland 48.255
(Failure)
Switzerland RSC Aaretal Münsingen Sport records icon NR.svg Set a new Swiss national record, beating the previous record of 48.199 km.[55]
16 September 2016 United States Tom Zirbel 37 Aguascalientes Bicentenary Velodrome, Aguascalientes, Mexico 53.037
(Failure)
United States Rally Cycling Modified Diamondback Serios time trial bike, fitted with special HED disc wheels[56] and a gearing of 53/13[57] Failed to set new hour record.
Sport records icon NR.svg Set new American national record, beating Norman Alvis' record of 51.505 km set in 1997.[58]
28 January 2017 Denmark Martin Toft Madsen 31 Ballerup Super Arena, Ballerup, Denmark[59] 52.114
(Failure)
Denmark BHS–Almeborg Bornholm Argon 18 Electron Pro, Mavic Comete discs, SRM + Fibre-Lyte chain ring, and a gearing of 54/13 Failed to set new hour record. Attempt voided for doping, after Madsen's consumption of a contaminated food supplement.
25 February 2017 Switzerland Marc Dubois Velodrome Suisse, Grenchen, Switzerland 48.337
(Failure)
Switzerland Team Humard Vélo-Passion RB1213 track bike with double DT Swiss disc wheels Sport records icon NR.svg Set a new Swiss national record, beating the previous record of 48.255 km held by Micah Gross.[60]
2 July 2017 Poland Wojciech Ziolkowski 32 Arena Pruszków, Pruszkow, Poland 49.470
(Failure)
Poland Team JF Duet Prinzwear BMC Trackmachine TR01, Mavic Comete disc wheels, Custom Prinzwear TT Suit Sport records icon NR.svg Set a new Polish national record, beating the previous record of 47.618 km held by Andrzej Bartkiewicz.[61]
7 October 2017 Denmark Mikkel Bjerg 18 Odense Cykelbane, Odense, Denmark[62] 52.311
(Failure)
Denmark Team Giant–Castelli Giant trinity track bike, Mavic disc wheels Failed to set new hour record.
Sport records icon NR.svg Set new Danish national record, beating Ole Ritter's record of 48.879 km set in 1974.
11 January 2018 Denmark Martin Toft Madsen 32 Ballerup Super Arena, Ballerup, Denmark[63] 52.324
(Failure)
Denmark BHS–Almeborg Bornholm Argon 18 Electron Pro, Mavic Comete discs, SRM + Fibre-Lyte chain ring, and a gearing of 54/13 Failed to set new hour record.
Sport records icon NR.svg Set new Danish national record, beating Mikkel Bjerg's record of 52.311 km set in 2017.
26 July 2018 Denmark Martin Toft Madsen 33 Aguascalientes Bicentenary Velodrome, Aguascalientes, Mexico[64] 53.630
(Failure)
Denmark BHS–Almeborg Bornholm Argon 18 Electron Pro, Mavic Comete discs, SRM + Fibre-Lyte chain ring, and a gearing of 54/13 Failed to set new hour record.
Sport records icon NR.svg Set new Danish national record, beating his own previous record of 52.324 km set in January 2018.[65]
22 August 2018 Netherlands Dion Beukeboom 29 Aguascalientes Bicentenary Velodrome, Aguascalientes, Mexico[66] 52.757
(Failure)
Netherlands Vlasman Cycling Team Customized Giant Trinity road frame, with a gearing of 58/14 Failed to set new hour record.
Sport records icon NR.svg Set new Dutch national record.
4 October 2018 Denmark Mikkel Bjerg 19 Odense Cykelbane, Odense, Denmark[67] 53.730
(Failure)
United States Hagens Berman Axeon Giant trinity track bike, Mavic disc wheels Failed to set new hour record.
Sport records icon NR.svg Set new Danish national record, beating Martin Toft Madsen's record of 53.630 km set in July 2018.
16 April 2019 Belgium Victor Campenaerts 27 Aguascalientes Bicentenary Velodrome, Aguascalientes, Mexico (altitude 1887m)[68] 55.089
(New record)
Belgium Lotto Soudal Ridley Arena Hour Record bike, 330mm custom handlebars, custom handlebar extensions specifically moulded for Campenaerts's forearms, F-Surface Plus aero paint, Campagnolo drivetrain, full carbon disc Campagnolo Ghibli wheels, C-Bear bottom bracket bearings.[69] Sport records icon WR.svg Set new hour record
Sport records icon NR.svg Set new Belgian national record[34]
13 August 2019 Denmark Martin Toft Madsen 34 Odense Cykelbane, Odense, Denmark[70] 53.975
(Failure)
Denmark BHS–Almeborg Bornholm Failed to set new hour record.
Sport records icon NR.svg Set new Danish national record, beating Mikkel Bjerg's record of 53.730 km set in October 2018.
6 October 2019 Denmark Mathias Norsgaard 22 Odense Cykelbane, Odense, Denmark[71] 52.061
(Failure)
Denmark Riwal-Readynez Failed to set new hour record.
18 September 2020 Switzerland Claudio Imhof 30 Zurich, Switzerland 52.116
(Failure)
Sport records icon NR.svg Set new Swiss national record.
23 October 2020 Canada Lionel Sanders 32 Milton, Canada[72] 51.304
(Failure)
Germany Canyon Bicycles Sport records icon NR.svg Set new Canadian national record, beating record of Ed Veal's record of 48.587 km set in September 2017
3 November 2021 United Kingdom Alex Dowsett 33 Aguascalientes Bicentenary Velodrome, Aguascalientes, Mexico (altitude 1887m)[73] 54.555
(Failure)
United Kingdom Factor Bikes Factor Hanzo time trial bike (track version), Aerocoach Aten chainring with 61/13 gearing, Aerocoach Ascalon extensions, custom Vorteq skinsuit, HED Volo disc wheels, Izumi Super Toughness KAI chain[74] Failed to set new hour record.
19 August 2022 United Kingdom Daniel Bigham 30 Velodrome Suisse, Grenchen, Switzerland (altitude 450m) 55.548
(New record)
United Kingdom Ineos Grenadiers Prototype Pinarello Bolide F HR 3D[75] Sport records icon WR.svg Set new hour record
Sport records icon NR.svg Set new British national record
8 October 2022 Italy Filippo Ganna 26 Velodrome Suisse, Grenchen, Switzerland (altitude 450m) 56.792
(New record)
United Kingdom Ineos Grenadiers Pinarello Bolide F HR 3D, 64t chain ring, 14t rear sprocket, Princeton Carbonworks wheelset, custom Bioracer Katana suit[75] Sport records icon WR.svg Set new hour record
Sport records icon NR.svg Set new Italian national record
Beat Boardman's Best Human Effort

Unified hour record attempts (women's)[edit]

Former record holder, Evelyn Stevens (pictured in 2009)

The last women's hour record before the unified rule change was set on 1 October 2003 by Leontien van Moorsel, with a distance of 46.065 km (28.623 mi).

In December 2014, it was announced that British Paralympian Sarah Storey would be the first woman to attempt the record following the unified rule change. She attempted the record on 28 February 2015 at Lee Valley Velo Park in London, setting new British, Para-Cycling and Masters Age 35–39 records but missing out on the Elite record with a distance of 45.502 km (28.274 mi).[76]

American Molly Shaffer Van Houweling broke the women's UCI Hour Record, riding a distance of 46.273 km (28.753 mi) on 12 September 2015 in Aguascalientes, Mexico.[77] Van Houweling had set three new US Hour Records in the year prior. The first was set on 15 December 2014, in Carson, California, with a distance of 44.173 km (27.448 mi). The second was set on 25 February 2015, in Aguascalientes with a distance of 45.637 km (28.358 mi). The third was set on 3 July 2015, also in Aguascalientes, with a distance of 46.088 km (28.638 mi). This last mark was also the Pan-American and World Masters Age 40–44 record at the time, and exceeded the distance of the UCI hour record of van Moorsel. However, it did not qualify as the UCI Hour Record because Van Houweling had only been enrolled in the athlete biological passport program for three and a half months prior to setting this record. The UCI requires that riders be enrolled in this program for 5–10 months before they are eligible to set this mark.[78][79] From 24 August 2015, Van Houweling was eligible to attempt the UCI Hour Record.[80]

In October 2015, Australian rider Bridie O'Donnell announced her intention to aim for the hour record in January 2016. She broke the women's hour at the Adelaide Super-Drome on 22 January 2016, riding 46.882 km (29.131 mi). She was aged 41 years. Her record was broken by American rider Evelyn Stevens in the next month - the new record was 47.980 km (29.813 mi), more than a kilometre nearer to the 50 km (31 mi) barrier.

Italian rider Vittoria Bussi, after two unsuccessful attempts on 7 October 2017[81] and on 12 September 2018, broke Stevens' world record by 27 metres riding 48.007 km (29.830 mi) on 13 September 2018.[82]

British cyclist Joss Lowden set a new world record on 30 September 2021 with a distance of 48.405 km (30.077 mi), beating the previous record by just under 400 metres,[83] and also surpassing Jeannie Longo's Best Human Effort distance. Lowden completed a total of 193 laps of the Tissot Velodrome in Grenchen, Switzerland.[84]

Women's UCI hour record attempts and record holders (since the rule revision in 2014)
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Supported by Equipment Notes
28 February 2015 United Kingdom Sarah Storey 37 Lee Valley VeloPark, London, United Kingdom 45.502
(Failure)
United Kingdom Revolution Series Ridley Arena Carbon track bike with triathlon bars, Pro rear disc wheel, front disk wheel, Shimano Dura-Ace groupset.[85] Sport records icon NR.svg
Beat Yvonne McGregor's previous British national record of 43.689 set in April 2002. New C5 Para-record, New Masters Age 35–39 record.[86]
12 September 2015 United States Molly Shaffer Van Houweling 42 Aguascalientes Bicentenary Velodrome, Aguascalientes, Mexico (altitude 1887m) 46.273
(New record)
Metromint Cycling Cervelo T4 track bike with double Mavic Comete discwheels, running 56/14 gear ratio.[77][87] Sport records icon WR.svg Sport records icon NR.svg
Beat her own national record of 46.088 km set on 3 July 2015, also in Aguascalientes, Mexico.

[77][87]

22 January 2016 Australia Bridie O'Donnell 41 Super-Drome, Adelaide, Australia 46.882
(New record)
Cervelo T4 track bike.[88] Sport records icon WR.svg Sport records icon WR.svg Sport records icon NR.svg
Set a new World Record, new sea-level World Best and National Record, besting Anna Wilson's former Australian national record of 43.501 km (set on October 18, 2000).[89]
27 February 2016 United States Evelyn Stevens 32 OTC Velodrome, Colorado, United States of America (altitude 1840m) 47.980
(New record)
Netherlands SD Worx
United States USA Cycling
Specialized Shiv modified for the track, SRAM groupset with 53t or 54t chainrings, Zipp 900 front wheel, Zipp Super 9 rear disc, Bioracer skinsuit. Sport records icon WR.svg Sport records icon NR.svg
Beat American national record.
Outdoor 333.3 meter banked cement track.[90][91][92]
21 July 2017 New Zealand Jaime Nielsen 32 Avantidrome, Cambridge, New Zealand 47.791
(Failure)
Sport records icon WR.svg Sport records icon NR.svg
Failed to beat the absolute hour record. Set CURRENT sea-level world's best. New Zealand national record.[93]
7 October 2017 Italy Vittoria Bussi 30 Aguascalientes Bicentenary Velodrome, Aguascalientes, Mexico 47.576
(Failure)
Giant Trinity track bike with Walker Brothers double-disc wheels Sport records icon NR.svg
Failed to beat the hour record.
Beat Italian national record[81][94]
13 September 2018 Italy Vittoria Bussi 31 Aguascalientes Bicentenary Velodrome, Aguascalientes, Mexico (altitude 1887m) 48.007
(New record)
Endura skin suit, HVMN Ketone, and Liv Bike [95] Sport records icon WR.svg Sport records icon NR.svg
Failed to beat the hour record one day before, abandoning after 40 minutes.
Beat the hour record by 27 metres the next day.[82]
30 September 2021 United Kingdom Joscelin Lowden 33 Velodrome Suisse in Grenchen, Switzerland (altitude 450m) 48.405
(New record)
United Kingdom Drops–Le Col LeCol x McLaren Skinsuit, Poc Tempor Helmet Argon18 Electron Pro track frame, WattShop Cratus chainrings (64x15 gear ratio) and WattShop Pentaxia Olympic/Anemoi handlebars/extensions, FFWD Disc-T SL wheels (front and rear w/ 23c Vittoria Pista tyres). Lowden may have used an 8.5mm pitch chain supplied by New Motion Labs.[84] Sport records icon WR.svg

Beat Vittoria Bussi's record by 398 metres, and Jeannie Longo's best human effort by 246 metres.

23 May 2022 Netherlands Ellen van Dijk 35 Velodrome Suisse in Grenchen, Switzerland (altitude 450m) 49.254
(New record)
Trek Speed Concept, Bontrager Race Space handlebar, Zipp Sub 9 Track wheels, Bontrager Hilo XXX saddle, 58x14 gear ratio[96] Sport records icon WR.svg

Beat Joscelin Lowden's record by 849 metres.[97]

Statistics[edit]

Para-cycling records[edit]

The new regulations for the making of accepted hour record attempts were extended to para-cycling in 2016.[98] Although the first attempt on the hour record for women after the amendments to the regulations was made by Paralympian Sarah Storey, it was not a ratified attempt on the women's C5 hour record under the new conditions, which at that point still did not extend to paracycling - albeit that Storey's effort is recognized as a best C5 performance under the new rules, in addition to a British and masters world hour record in able-bodied cycling.

The first attempt on a para-cycling hour record after the new regulations were extended to para-cycling was by Irishman Colin Lynch in the C2 category, bettering the accepted best performance previously set by Laurent Thirionet in 1999 by 2 kilometres, and setting the first 'ratified' para-cycling world hour record. The mark of 43.133 km was achieved on 1 October at the National Cycling Centre in Manchester, Great Britain.[98]

Men's UCI para-cycling hour record[edit]

Unified regulations (since 2016)
C1 Men's UCI para-cycling hour record holders[99]
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Supported by Equipment Notes
1 December 2018 Germany Michael Teuber 50 Berlin, Germany 42.583
(New record)
[100]
C2 Men's UCI para-cycling hour record holders[99]
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Supported by Equipment Notes
1 October 2016 Republic of Ireland Colin Lynch 45 Manchester Velodrome, Manchester, England 43.133
(New record)

Women's UCI para-cycling hour record[edit]

Unified regulations (since 2016)
C5 Women's UCI para-cycling hour record holders[99]
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Supported by Equipment Notes
28 February 2015 United Kingdom Sarah Storey 37 Manchester Velodrome Manchester, England 45.502
(New record)

Historical para-cycling hour record[edit]

Men's UCI para-cycling hour record – Best Hour Performance & Absolute Hour Record (1991–2016)
C5 Men's UCI para-cycling hour record holders[99]
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Supported by Equipment Notes
11 September 1991 France Fransisco Trujillo Bordeaux, France 44.661 Best Hour Performance
13 December 2014 Italy Andrea Tarlao Montichiari Velodrome, Montichiari, Italy 47.569 Absolute Hour Record
C3 & CP3 Men's UCI para-cycling hour record holders[99]
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Supported by Equipment Notes
25 September 1995 United Kingdom Thomas Evans Manchester Velodrome Manchester, England 40.070 Best Hour Performance
8 January 2005 United Kingdom Darren Kenny Manchester Velodrome Manchester, England 41.817 Best Hour Performance
14 February 2009 United Kingdom Darren Kenny Copenhagen, Denmark 40.516 Absolute Hour Record
C2 Men's UCI para-cycling hour record holders[99]
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Supported by Equipment Notes
6 November 1999 France Laurent Thirionet Bordeaux, France 41.031 Best Hour Performance
C1 Men's UCI para-cycling hour record holders[99]
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Supported by Equipment Notes
8 May 2005 Germany Michael Teuber 37 Augsburg, Germany 39.326 Best Hour Performance
Tandem Men's UCI para-cycling hour record holders[99]
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Supported by Equipment Notes
11 November 1994 Netherlands Jan Mulder
Netherlands Richard Belmer
Moscow, Russia 48.696 Best Hour Performance
29 November 1997 France Herve Dechamp
France Guy Rouchouzo
Bordeaux, France 49.625 Best Hour Performance
Women's UCI para-cycling hour record – Best Hour Performance & Absolute Hour Record (1991–2016)
C5 Women's UCI para-cycling hour record holders[99]
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Supported by Equipment Notes
28 February 2015 United Kingdom Sarah Storey Lee Valley VeloPark, England 45.502
Tandem Women's UCI para-cycling hour record holders[99]
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Supported by Equipment Notes
19 September 2005 Australia Lindy Hou
Toireasa Gallagher
Dunc Gray Velodrome, Sydney, Australia 42.930 Absolute Hour Record

Masters records[edit]

Current records by age-group[edit]

Age group Male record [101] Distance (KM) Female record [102] Distance (KM)
30–34  Piotr Klin (POL) 50.094  Roxana Islas Garcia (MEX) 41.564
35–39  Gert Fouche (RSA) 51.599  Jane Emans (CAN) 42.425
40–44  James Ogilvie (AUS) 51.228  Molly Shaffer Van Houweling (USA) 47.061
45–49  Igor Kopse (SLO) 50.590  Molly Shaffer Van Houweling (USA) 47.080
50–54  Patrick Warner (USA) 51.013  Anna Davis (AUS) 44.427
55–59  Norman Alvis (USA) 49.387  Anna Davis (AUS) 45.213
60–64  Jim Mcmurray (NZ) 47.360  Elizabeth Heller (USA) 42.194
65–69  Roger Cull (AUS) 44.640  Jan Palchikoff (USA) 40.416
70–74  Scott Hennessy (USA) 43.216  Jan Palchikoff (USA) 38.191
75–79  Atty Duijn (NED) 38.903  Elizabeth Randall (AUS) 36.352
80–84  Giuseppe Marinoni (ITA) 39.004  Patricia Baker (USA) 27.447
85–89  Walter Fowler (GBR) 34.602 No record set
90–95  Carl Grove (USA) 34.498 No record set
96–99  Reg Rye (NZL) 20.151 No record set
100–104  Robert Marchand (FRA) 26.925 No record set
105+  Robert Marchand (FRA) 22.546 No record set

Men's UCI Masters best performances[edit]

Best Performances
Age 30–34
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Supported by Equipment Notes
20 November 2004 United States Curtis Gunn VELO Sports Center, Carson, United States of America 47.764
(New record)
[103]
29 July 2017 United Kingdom Ryan Davies Newport Velodrome, Newport, Wales 48.234
(New record)
[104]
24 September 2017 Canada David Hainish Mattamy National Cycling Centre, Milton, Canada 45.325
(Failed)
Failed to beat the previous hour record. Set a new national record.[105]
21 July 2019 Poland Piotr Klin Arena Pruszków, Pruszkow, Poland 49.649(New record)
18 August 2021 Poland Piotr Klin Aguascalientes, Mexico 50.094
(New record)
[101]
Age 35–39
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Supported by Equipment Notes
26 April 2009 United States Jayson Austin Dunc Gray Velodrome, Sydney, Australia 48.315
(New record)
[106]
6 October 2015 Belgium Filip Speybrouck 39 Manchester Velodrome Manchester, England 48.743
(New record)
[104]
21 December 2017 New Zealand Rob Scarlett 38 Cambridge, New Zealand 48.922
(New record)
[107]
22 August 2019 South Africa Gert Fouche 39 Aguascalientes Bicentenary Velodrome, Aguascalientes, Mexico 51.599
(New record)
Age 40–44
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Supported by Equipment Notes
9 February 2013 Australia Jayson Austin 43 Dunc Gray Velodrome, Sydney, Australia 48.411
(New record)
[104]
24 September 2017 Canada Ed Veal Mattamy National Cycling Centre, Milton, Canada 48.587
(New record)
[105]
27 January 2020 Australia James Ogilvie 40 Melbourne Arena Melbourne, Victoria 51.228
(New record)
[101]
Age 45–49
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Supported by Equipment Notes
25 September 1999 United States Kent Bostick Manchester Velodrome Manchester, England 49.361
(New record)
[104]
22 November 2016 Republic of Ireland Greg Swinand OTC Velodrome, Colorado, United States of America 46.895
(Failed)
Planet X track bike Set a new Irish national hour record, beating the previous record of 46.166 of Tommy Evans - set in 1999 - by 729 metres[108]
20 July 2017 United States Dan Bryant 47 Aguascalientes Bicentenary Velodrome, Aguascalientes, Mexico 47.458
(Failed)
Peet's Coffee Cycling Team [109]
22 September 2018 United States Colby Pearce 47 Aguascalientes Bicentenary Velodrome, Aguascalientes, Mexico 50.245
(New record)
7 October 2020  Igor Kopse (SLO) 46 Velodrom Novo Mesto, Novo Mesto, Slovenia 50.590

(New record)

[101]
Age 50–54
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Supported by Equipment Notes
44.890
(New record)
[110]
10 December 2009 United States Keith Ketterer 53 Home Depot Center velodrome, Carson, United States of America 45.386
(New record)
[111]
9 October 2012 United Kingdom Charles McCulloch Manchester Velodrome Manchester, England 47.960
(New record)
[112]
4 October 2015 Republic of Ireland John Madden 50 Vélodrome National de Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines, Saint-Quentin en Yvelines, France 45.799
(Failed)
[112]
6 November 2016 France Pascal Montier 53 Vélodrome National de Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines, Saint-Quentin en Yvelines, France 48.892
(New record)
[104]
24 September 2017 Canada Michael Nash Mattamy National Cycling Centre, Milton, Canada 46.434
(Failed)
Failed to beat the previous records. Set a new Canadian national record.
6 October 2017 United States Norman Alvis 54 OTC Velodrome, Colorado, United States of America 49.392
(New record)
Argon 18 Electron Pro, Mavic Comet front and rear disc wheels, 53/13 gearing[113] Set a new US Masters national hour record, beating the previous distance of 48.112 km (also held by Alvis).
17 November 2017 Republic of Ireland Greg Swinand Aguascalientes Bicentenary Velodrome, Aguascalientes, Mexico 48.469
(Failed)
Planet X track bike Set a new Irish national hour record, beating his own previous record of 46.860 km - set a year earlier in Colorado[114]
29 September 2019 United States Norman Alvis 56 OTC Velodrome, Colorado, United States of America 49.383
(New record)
22 June 2022  Patrick Warner (USA) Aguascalientes Bicentenary Velodrome, Aguascalientes, Mexico 51.013
(New record)
[115]
Age 55–59
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Supported by Equipment Notes
29 January 2012 United States Keith Ketterer 57 Home Depot Center velodrome, Carson, United States of America 45.019
(New record)
[111]
19 March 2016 New Zealand Jim McMurray 55 Cambridge, New Zealand 47.733
(New record)
[104]
20 July 2017 United States Kevin Metcalfe 55 Aguascalientes Bicentenary Velodrome, Aguascalientes, Mexico 49.121
(New record)
Peet's Coffee Cycling Team [109]
18 August 2021 United States Norman Alvis Aguascalientes Bicentenary Velodrome, Aguascalientes, Mexico 49.387(New record) [116]
Age 60–64
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Supported by Equipment Notes
United States Kenny Fuller 61 44.228
(New record)
[117]
30 September 2015 United Kingdom Robert Gilmour 64 Newport Velodrome, Newport, Wales 44.349
(New record)
Hounslow & District Wheelers 49x14 gearing with a trispoke front and a rear disc, fitted with track tubulars[104][117]
31 January 2020 Slovenia Andrej Žavbi 60 Arena Pruszków, Pruszków, Poland 45.732
(New record)
Alenka Žavbi Kunaver S WORKS SHIV TT bike, VISION METRON track disk, BERK DILA seddle Chainring 56, Track Cog 14
29 April 2021 Slovenia Andrej Žavbi 61 Velodrom Novo Mesto, Novo Mesto, Slovenia 46.255
(New record)
Alenka Žavbi Kunaver S WORKS SHIV TT bike, VISION METRON track disk, BERK DILA seddle Chainring 57, Track Cog 14
8 May 2021 New Zealand Jim McMurray 60 Cambridge, New Zealand 47.360
(New record)
[118]
Age 65–69
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Supported by Equipment Notes
11 October 2012 Netherlands Jim Brander 65 Manchester Velodrome Manchester, England 43.742
(New record)
[103]
26 October 2016 United Kingdom Robert Gilmour 65 Newport Velodrome, Newport, Wales 44.271
(New record)
Hounslow & District Wheelers [104]
23 February 2020 Australia Roger Cull 66 Dunc Gray Velodrome, Sydney, Australia 44.62
(New record)
[119]
Age 70–74
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Supported by Equipment Notes
14 September 2014 United Kingdom Mike Cotgreave 70 Newport Velodrome, Newport, Wales 41.227
(New record)
[104]
15 July 2017 United States Scott Hennessy 70 Aguascalientes Bicentenary Velodrome, Aguascalientes, Mexico 43.216
(New record)
[107]
Age 75–79
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Supported by Equipment Notes
33.000
(New record)
[120]
October 2012 Italy Giuseppe Marinoni 75 Montichiari Velodrome, Montichiari, Italy 35.728
(New record)
[120]
29 July 2014 United States Jim Turner 75 Aguascalientes Bicentenary Velodrome, Aguascalientes, Mexico 38.494
(New record)
[104]
28 March 2022  Atty Duijn (NED) Amsterdam, Netherlands 38.903
(New record)
[121]
Age 80–84
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Supported by Equipment Notes
2014 United Kingdom Sidney Schuman 84 Lee Valley VeloPark, London, United Kingdom 28.388
(New record)
London Cycling Campaign Condor track bike [122]
October 2015 New Zealand Peter Grandiek SIT Velodrome, Southland, New Zealand 29.187
(New record)
[120][123][124]
29 October 2015 United Kingdom Walter Fowler 81 Newport Velodrome, Newport, Wales 35.772
(New record)
Stourbridge Cycling Club [120][123][125]
25 June 2016 France Paul Martinez 82 Vélodrome National de Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines,

Saint-Quentin en Yvelines, France

38.657
(New record)
[104]
20 August 2017 Italy Giuseppe Marinoni Mattamy National Cycling Centre, Milton, Canada 38.334
(Failed)
Marinoni bike, 53/14 gearing [126]
24 September 2017 Italy Giuseppe Marinoni Mattamy National Cycling Centre, Milton, Canada 39.004
(New record)
Marinoni bike, 53/14 gearing [105]
Age 85–89
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Supported by Equipment Notes
8 October 2016 France Gilbert Douillard 87 Vélodrome du Lac, Bordeaux, France 34.095
(New record)
[107]
22 September 2019 United Kingdom Walter Fowler 85 Newport Velodrome, Newport, Wales 34.602
(New record)
Stourbridge Cycling Club [127]
Age 90–94
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Supported by Equipment Notes
23 October 2017 France René Gaillard 90 Vélodrome National de Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines,

Saint-Quentin en Yvelines, France

29.278
(New record)
Cyclosport Club de Vesoul [128]
6 August 2019 United States Carl Grove 91 OTC Velodrome, Colorado, United States of America 34.498
(New record)
[129]
Age 96–99
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Supported by Equipment Notes
27 April 2019 New Zealand Reg Rye 96 Cambridge, New Zealand 20.886
(New record)
Avantidrome Velodrome [130]
Age 100–104
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Supported by Equipment Notes
1 February 2012 France Robert Marchand 101 World Cycling Centre Aigle, Switzerland 24.250
(New record)
[131]
31 October 2014 France Robert Marchand 103 Vélodrome National de Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines,

Saint-Quentin en Yvelines, France

26.925
(New record)
[104]
Age 105+
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Supported by Equipment Notes
4 January 2017 France Robert Marchand 105 Vélodrome National de Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines,

Saint-Quentin en Yvelines, France

22.546
(New record)
[104]

Women's UCI Masters best performances[edit]

Best Performances [102]
Age 30–34
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Supported by Equipment Notes
6 April 2012 Mexico Roxana Islas Garcia 30 Aguascalientes Bicentenary Velodrome, Aguascalientes, Mexico 41.564
(New record)
[132]
Age 35–39
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Supported by Equipment Notes
2000 United States Jacqui Lockwood Manchester Velodrome Manchester, England 40.7556
(New record)
[133][134]
14 March 2015 South Africa Adelia Reynek 38 Dunc Gray Velodrome, Sydney, Australia 41.386
(New record)
Midland Cycle Club [133]
14 May 2016 United Kingdom Clarice Chung 35 Newport Velodrome, Newport, Wales 42.116
(New record)
SSLL Racing Team Cervelo T4 track bike, Zipp disc wheels[135] [132]
24 September 2017 Canada Jane Emans Mattamy National Cycling Centre, Milton, Canada 42.425
(New record)
[136]
Age 40–44
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Supported by Equipment Notes
3 July 2015 United States Molly Shaffer Van Houweling 42 Aguascalientes Bicentenary Velodrome, Aguascalientes, Mexico 46.088
(New record)
Metromint Cycling Cervelo T4 track bike with double Mavic Comete discwheels, running 56/14 gear ratio. [77][87]
14 July 2017 United States Molly Shaffer Van Houweling 44 Aguascalientes Bicentenary Velodrome, Aguascalientes, Mexico 47.061
(New record)
[132]
Age 45–49
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Supported by Equipment Notes
10 September 2006 United States Lilian Pfluke Manchester Velodrome Manchester, England 41.2397
(New record)
[136][137]
24 September 2017 Canada Jody Levine Mattamy National Cycling Centre, Milton, Canada 38.156
(Failure)
24 September 2018 United States Molly Shaffer Van Houweling 46 Aguascalientes Bicentenary Velodrome, Aguascalientes, Mexico 46.897
(New record)
[102]
19 August 2019 United States Molly Shaffer Van Houweling 47 Aguascalientes Bicentenary Velodrome, Aguascalientes, Mexico 47.080
(New record)
[102]
Age 50–54
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Supported by Equipment Notes
19 March 2011 Italy Patrizia Spadaccini 51 Montichiari Velodrome, Montichiari, Italy 39.402
(New record)
[132]
26 March 2017 Australia Anna Davis 52 Melbourne Arena Melbourne, Victoria 43.206
(New record)
[136]
24 September 2017 Canada Bryn Currie Mattamy National Cycling Centre, Milton, Canada 40.366
(Failed)
Failed to beat the previous record. Set a new national record.[105]
9 March 2018 Australia Anna Davis 53 Melbourne Arena Melbourne, Victoria 44.427
(New record)
[102]
Age 55–59
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Supported by Equipment Notes
31 October 2014 United States Clemence Ruth 55 VELO Sports Center, Carson, United States of America 40.946
(New record)
[132]
27 January 2020 Australia Anna Davis 55 Melbourne Arena Melbourne, Victoria 43.963
(New record)
4 February 2022 Australia Anna Davis 57 Melbourne Arena Melbourne, Victoria 45.213
(New record)
[102]
Age 60–64
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Supported by Equipment Notes
31 October 2014 United States Jan Palchikoff 63 VELO Sports Center, Carson, United States of America 41.116
(New record)
[132]
7 April 2019 United States Elizabeth Heller 62 Aguascalientes Bicentenary Velodrome, Aguascalientes, Mexico 42.194
(New record)
[102]
Age 65–69
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Supported by Equipment Notes
1 March 2010 Australia Elizabeth Randall 65 Melbourne Arena Melbourne, Victoria 37.214
(New record)
[132]
28 September 2017 United States Jan Palchikoff 66 VELO Sports Center, Carson, United States of America 38.191
(New record)
[136]
Age 70–74
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Supported by Equipment Notes
20 October 2018  Roi Speed (NZL) 72 Cambridge, New Zealand 36.581
(New record)
[102]
12 December 2021 United States Jan Palchikoff 71 Los Angeles, United States of America 40.416
(New record)
[102]
Age 75–79
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Supported by Equipment Notes
31 October 2014 United States Patricia Baker 75 VELO Sports Center, Carson, United States of America 27.894
(New record)
[132]
10 February 2019 Australia Elizabeth Randall 75 Melbourne Arena Melbourne, Victoria 36.352
(New record)
[102]
Age 80–84
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Supported by Equipment Notes
1 September 2019 United States Patricia Baker 80 VELO Sports Center, Carson, United States of America 27.447
(New record)
[138]

Junior records[edit]

Although the UCI does not recognise hour record attempts at the Junior age-group, there have been multiple record attempts made.

Men's UCI hour record attempts and record holders (since the rule revision in 2014)[14][15]
Date Rider Age Velodrome Distance (km) Supported by Equipment Notes
21 November 2016 United States Luke Mullis 17-18 Colorado Springs, USA 47.595
(New record)
Sport records icon WR.svg
Sport records icon NR.svg Set new national record.[139][140]
29 September 2021 Australia Aston Freeth 17 Adelaide Super-Drome, Adelaide, Australia 48.480
(New record)
Port Adelaide Cycling Club / South Australian Sports Institute Sport records icon WR.svg
Sport records icon NR.svg Set new national record.[141]
14 March 2022 Wales Fred Meredith 17 Geraint Thomas National Velodrome, Newport, Wales 49.184
(New record)
Holohan Coaching Race Team Sport records icon WR.svg
Sport records icon NR.svg Set new national record.[142]
17 October 2022 United States Jonas Walton 18 Aguascalientes Velodrome, Mexico 50.792
(New record)
Sport records icon WR.svg
Sport records icon NR.svg Set new national record.[139]

Other bicycle hour records[edit]

There are many alternative bicycle hour records that do not fit the UCI-sanctioned categories.[citation needed]

Other Hour records
Distance km Rider Gender Hour record type Comments Year
92.439 Switzerland Francesco Russo Men's HPV Vehicle: Metastretto - designed by rider,[143] streamlined 2-wheeled recumbent, backwards ridden, mirror navigated. 2016
84.02 France Barbara Buatois Women's HPV 4th fastest person at the time. Vehicle: Varna Tempest - low-racer, 2-wheeled FWD, SWB, canopy bubble 2009
83.013 Switzerland Rubin Koch, Dominik Dusek Men's HPV multi-rider, HPV tandem,

HPV tricycle.

Vehicle: Cieo Tandem tricycle - Independent drivetrain, captain supine elevated above stoker - laying on back headfirst 2013
81.63 AustraliaKyle Lierich Men's HPV tricycle (single rider) Vehicle: Phantom Mini-T - designed & built by Tim Corbett[144] 2019
66.042 France Barbara Buatois Women's HPV tricycle Vehicle: Varna 24 - Delta trike (two wheels in back), head bubble, FWD
60.61 United States Ron Elder Men's HPV upright position 1989
57.637 Germany Matthias König Men's Recumbent bike - Unfaired Vehicle: Modified M5 highracer recumbent, SRM crankset. Estimated 325 watts power output. 2016
51.31 United States Ron Skarin Men's Streamlined Enclosed Upright Bicycle Titanium road racing bike with stretched fabric fairing by Chet Kyle. First "modern" HPV record. 1979
51.194 England Zac Carr & Glenn Taylor Men's Tandem UK National Tandem. Unconfirmed as World Tandem Record. 2003
49.508 Australia Kyle Lierich Men's Recumbent Tricycle - unfaired Vehicle: Phantom Mini-T - Designed & built by Tim Corbett[144] 2019
46.7 England Daniel Bigham Men's Road Time Trial (TT) Bike Outdoor track, recorded on Strava. Vehicle: Trek Speed Concept 2015
44.749 Netherlands Jetze Plat Men's Arm Powered Vehicle: Recumbent trike 2019
42.93 Australia Lindy Hou & Toireasa Gallagher Women's Tandem open, Tandem paralympic Visually-impaired stoker (Lindy Hou) 2005
38.154 Slovenia Bor Ceh Men's Cargo Utility Bike Vehicle: Omnium - aerobars, rear 700c disk, front 20 inch, unloaded, wood platform removed due to windy conditions 2018
37.417 United States Erik Skramstad Men's No hands riding.

Mountain bike at altitude.

Vehicle: Aluminium mountain bike 2009
34.547 England Chris Opie Men's Penny farthing Unpaced. Also holds paced penny farthing record 35.743 km. (Penny farthing record rules allow pacing.) 2019
35.258 Czech Republic Eva Navratilova Women's Ice tricycle (unfaired, recumbent) Vehicle: Rear wheel powered, front skate steering, rear outrigger skate 2015
35.245 United States Mike Mowett Men's Mountain bike (low altitude) Outdoor, on hilly loop road. Vehicle: Mountain bike with knobby tires and aerobar, shirtless 2006
29.993 New Zealand Ken Looi Men's Unicycle Vehicle: 36-inch wheel unicycle 2009
25.86 United States Richard Flanagan Men's Wheelie (riding a bike on one wheel) Outdoor 2016
19.76 Germany Jochen Glasbrenner Men's Riding using one leg only Outdoor on road time trial bike 2020
19.3 Belgium Jonas De Brauwer Men's Wooden bike Vehicle: Wooden bike built by himself and students, wood chain, 8 spokes, aerobar 2016
17.7 Australia Nigel Barker Men's PediCab/Ricksaw No passenger 2019
0.918 Italy Maria Vittoria Sperotto Women's Slowest hour record Requires gears, no fixed gear, no brakes, always moving forward. Tied with Davide Formolo in Pursuit-style race.[145] 2021
0.918 Italy Davide Formolo Men's Slowest hour record Requires gears, no fixed gear, no brakes, always moving forward. Tied with Maria Sperotto in Pursuit-style race.[145] 2021

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Hutchinson, Michael (2007). The Hour. ISBN 9780224075206. (Michael Hutchinson. p. 119-120) It is reported that as professionals, Egg and Berthet ensured not to beat the record by too much of a distance, enabling them both to continue to repeatedly break the record and receive lucrative appearance fees
  2. ^ Heijmans, Jeroen; Mallon, Bill (2011-10-16). The Historical Dictionary of Cycling. ISBN 9780810871755. (Jeroen Heijmans, Bill Mallon) lists three further records after Dodds but before Herbert Cortis. Listed only by surname, 1877, Shopee in Cambridge, 26.960, 1878, Weir, in Oxford, 28.542 and Christie, in 1879, 30.374, also in Oxford.
  3. ^ "Berthet/Egg Hour Record". Oscar Egg's original distance was recorded at 42.122 km. In July 1913 Richard Weise beat this mark, but following protest from Egg the Buffalo track was re-measured and his result changed to 42.360 km, cancelling out Weise's record
  4. ^ "The history of the recumbent bicycle". On 7 July 1933 Francis Faure rode 45.055 km on a "Velocar" beating Egg's record. This led to the UCI imposing rules regarding bicycle dimensions on 1 April 1934 and Faure's record was moved into a new category, "Records Set By Human Powered Vehicles (HPV's) without Special Aerodynamic Features"
  5. ^ Howard, Paul (2008). Sex Lies and Handlebar tape, p237-239. ISBN 9781845963019. (Paul Howard) Anquetil set a record time in 1967 of 47.493 km but the record was never ratified by the UCI following Anquetil's refusal to take a post race doping control, and on 13 October the UCI voted not to allow the record.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mallon, Jeroen Heijmans, Bill (2011-09-09). Historical dictionary of cycling. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, Inc. ISBN 978-0-8108-7369-8. Archived from the original on 2018-12-08. Retrieved 2016-11-06.
  2. ^ Heijmans, Jeroen; Mallon, Bill (2011-10-16). Historical Dictionary of Cycling. p. 381. ISBN 9780810871755.
  3. ^ "Hour Record: The tangled history of an iconic feat - Cycling Weekly". Cycling Weekly. 2015-04-15. Archived from the original on 2015-12-08. Retrieved 2015-12-02.
  4. ^ Cycling 26 November 1987
  5. ^ Revolutionary Times – The Birth of the Women’s Hour Record Archived 2018-09-21 at the Wayback Machine - SB Nation's Podium Café, Feargal McKay, 11 September 2018
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External links[edit]