Housay

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Housay
Norse name Húsey
Meaning of name House Island
Location
Housay is located in Shetland
Housay
Housay
Housay shown within Shetland
OS grid reference HU680717
Physical geography
Island group Shetland
Area 163 hectares (0.63 sq mi)
Area rank 119 [1]
Highest elevation 53 metres (174 ft)
Political geography
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Country Scotland
Council area Shetland Islands
Demographics
Population 50
Population rank 55[2][1]
Population density 23 people/km2[2][3]
Lymphad3.svg
References [3][4]

Housay, also known as West Isle,[3] is one of the three islands that form the Out Skerries island group, the most easterly part of the Shetland Isles.

Geography and geology[edit]

The North Mouth (bay) which separates the islands of Housay and Bruray.
A bay on Housay

Housay has the most complex geology of the Out Skerries, with granite in Mio Ness in the far south west, limestone on the south coast, and large concentrations of gneiss and schist.[3]

The island of Housay consists of several thin headlands, with the biggest pointing to the south west, and over 1 mile (1.6 km) long. To the north, another headland extends, and then turns towards the south west, running parallel to the biggest one, and separated by West Voe.

The island is surrounded by a number of stacks including the Hevda Stacks in the north and the Stack a Mooth & Stack a Pillar in the south. There are also some sea caves in the south, and Da Steig, which connects the island to Mio Ness is a collapsed one.

It is separated from Bruray by North Mouth and South Mouth.

The island occasionally suffers from water shortages. There is little peat on the Out Skerries, so the residents have been granted rights to cut it on Whalsay.[3]

History[edit]

The large number of Norse placenames suggest that it has been inhabited since at least then, if not earlier.

The island's population peaked in 1891 with nearly ninety people, now it is approximately half that. 45 people were recorded in 1991,[3] although the population increased to 50 by 2001.

At the autumn 2010, the islands of Housay and Bruray (600.00 acres) were on sale for £250,000. "The main islands are held under crofting tenure. the Crofting community have been offered the opportunity to register their interest in acquiring the property but have formally declined from doing so."[5]

Infrastructure[edit]

The post office, one of Skerries two shops, the church and the public hall are located here.

The Skerries Bridge was built in 1957 to provide a fixed link from Bruray to the neighbouring and larger island of Housay.


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Area and population ranks: there are c. 300 islands >20ha in extent and 93 permanently inhabited islands were listed in the 2011 census.
  2. ^ a b National Records of Scotland (15 August 2013) (pdf) Statistical Bulletin: 2011 Census: First Results on Population and Household Estimates for Scotland - Release 1C (Part Two). "Appendix 2: Population and households on Scotland’s inhabited islands". Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Haswell-Smith, Hamish (2004). The Scottish Islands. Edinburgh: Canongate. ISBN 978-1-84195-454-7. 
  4. ^ Ordnance Survey. Get-a-map (Map). 1:25,000. Leisure. Ordinance Survey. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  5. ^ Out Skerries, Shetland

Coordinates: 60°25′24″N 0°46′01″W / 60.42343°N 0.76687°W / 60.42343; -0.76687