Albizzi

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Albizzi family
Patrician noble family
Arm of Albizzi.svg
Country Republic of Florence
Flag of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany (1562-1737).svg Duchy of Florence
Flag of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany (1562-1737).svg Grand Duchy of Tuscany
 Kingdom of Italy
EtymologyFrom the given name "Albizzo"
Foundedc. 1100 (1100)
FounderRaimondino of Arezzo
Current headNone; extinct
Final headVittorio degli Albizzi
Titles
Members
Connected families
Dissolution1877 (1877)
Cadet branches

The Albizzi family (Italian pronunciation: [ˈalbittsi]) was a Florentine family originally based in Arezzo, who were rivals of the Medici and Alberti families. They were at the centre of Florentine oligarchy from 1382, in the reaction that followed the Ciompi revolt, to the rise of the Medici in 1434.[1] The most infamous and influential members of the family were Maso and his son Rinaldo degli Albizzi (1370–1442) who countered the rise of Cosimo de' Medici, exiling him in 1433. Luca, another son of Maso was head of the Florentine galleys; his diary is an important source for historians.[2] Luca was a loyal friend to Cosimo de' Medici. As a result, Luca was permitted to stay in Florence when the rest of his clan, including his brother, were exiled under the Medici regime in 1434. Moreover, in 1442, Luca Albizzi actually became the Gonfalonier of Justice and stayed a key ally of Cosimo during this time.

The family palazzo in Borgo degli Albizzi, was rebuilt with the return of the family in the early 16th century.

Eleonora degli Albizzi was a mistress of the Grand-Duke Cosimo I de Medici.

Filippo degli Albizzi was a Florentine naturalist from the 18th century on behalf of whom Albizia julibrissin was named.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ A. Rado, Dalla republica fiorentina alla signoria Medicea: Maso degli Albizzi e il partito oligarchico in Firenze dal 1382 al 1393, 1926
  2. ^ Michael E. Mallett, The Florentine Galleys in the Fifteenth Century: with the diary of Luca di Maso degli Albizzi, Captain of the Galleys, 1429–1430 (Oxford University Press) 1967.