House of Assembly (Zimbabwe)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from House of Assembly of Zimbabwe)
Jump to: navigation, search
House of Assembly of Zimbabwe
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Leadership
Jacob Mudenda, ZANU-PF
Since 3 September 2013
Structure
Seats 210
House of Assembly Zimbabwe 2013.svg
Political groups
  ZANU-PF (160)
  MDC-T (49)
  Independents (1)
Elections
Last election
31 July 2013
Meeting place
Parliament House, Harare, Zimbabwe

The House of Assembly of Zimbabwe is the lower chamber of the country's bicameral Parliament. It was the unicameral legislative body from 1989 until late November 2005, when the Senate was re-introduced.

Under the 1980 Constitution, 20 of the 100 seats in the House of Assembly were reserved for the country's white minority, although whites and other ethnic minorities made up only five per cent of the population. These seats were abolished in 1987.

The sixth House of Assembly, formed following elections held on 31 March 2005, had a total of 150 members. 120 members were directly elected in single member constituencies using the plurality (or First-past-the-post) system. The President appointed 12 additional members and 8 provincial governors who held reserved seats in the House. The remaining 10 seats were held by traditional chiefs who were chosen by their peers. All members served five-year terms.

A 2007 law, to take effect after the 2008 election, expanded the House of Assembly to 210 seats and made it a fully elected body.[1] The appointed and ex officio members were transferred to the Senate. The Seventh House of Assembly was opened on August 26, 2008.

Jacob Mudenda has been Speaker of the House of Assembly since September 2013.

Previous House of Assembly election results[edit]

2013 election[edit]

Party Votes % Seats
Elected Women Total
ZANU-PF 2,116,116 62.39 159 37 196
MDC-T 1,027,412 30.29 49 21 70
MDC-N 159,274 4.70 0 2 2
ZAPU 14,312 0.42 0 0 0
Mavambo/Kusile/Dawn 6,713 0.20 0 0 0
United Movement for Democracy 1,445 0.04 0 0 0
ZANU-Ndonga 1,152 0.03 0 0 0
FreeZim Congress 739 0.02 0 0 0
Alliance Khumbula Ekhaya 380 0.01 0 0 0
Progressive and Innovative Movement of Zimbabwe 351 0.01 0 0 0
Freedom Front 200 0.01 0 0 0
CTD 147 0.00 0 0 0
Zimbabwe Development Party 145 0.00 0 0 0
People's Democratic Union 76 0.00 0 0 0
Zimbabwe People's Movement 70 0.00 0 0 0
Voice of the People 38 0.00 0 0 0
Independents[a] 63,011 1.86 2 0 2
Invalid/blank votes
Total 3,391,581 100 210 60 270
Registered voters/turnout
Source: Adam Carr, Election Passport

Elections before 2013[edit]

Political Party Election Year
1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2008
Zimbabwe African National Union - Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) 57 64 117 118 62 78 99
Patriotic Front - Zimbabwe African People's Union (PF-ZAPU) 20 15 - - - - -
Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) - - - - 57 41 -
Zimbabwe African National Union - Ndonga (ZANU-Ndonga) - - 1 2 1 - -
Rhodesian Front (RF) 20 - - - - - -
United African National Council (UANC) 3 - - - - - -
Conservative Alliance of Zimbabwe (CAZ) - 15 - - - - -
Independent Zimbabwe Group (IZG) - 4 - - - - -
Zimbabwe Unity Movement (ZUM) - - 2 - - - -
Zimbabwe Youth in Alliance (ZYA) - - - - - - -
Zimbabwe People's Democratic Party (ZPDP) - - - - - - -
Movement for Democratic Change-Tsvangirai (MDC-T) - - - - - - 100
Movement for Democratic Change-Mutambara (MDC-M) - - - - - - 10
Presidential appointees - - - - - 20 -
Ex officio members (Chiefs) - - - - - 20 -
Independent - - - - - 1 1
Total 100 100 120 120 120 150 210

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Carole Gombakomba, "Zimbabwe's Mugabe Finalizes Constitutional Amendment On Elections", VOA News, November 1, 2007.