House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

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House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Casa de Bragança-Saxe-Coburgo e Gotha
Bragance-Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
Country Flag Portugal (1830).svg Kingdom of Portugal
Parent house House of Braganza
House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (male line)
Titles
Founded 9 April 1836
Final ruler Manuel II
Current head Extinct
Deposition 5 October 1910

The House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha[1] (also known as the House of Coburg-Braganza)[2] is a term use categorize the last four rulers of the Kingdom of Portugal, and their families, from 1853 until the declaration of the republic in 1910. Its name derives from the four kings having descended in a patrilineal line from King Ferdinand II of Portugal (of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha) and in a matrilineal line from Queen Maria II of Portugal (of the House of Braganza).

The designation Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha is prevalent mainly in the writings of non-Portuguese historians and genealogists, as European custom classifies a descendant branch on the basis of patrilineal descent, which means that the House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha is a cadet branch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.

Nonetheless, the 1838 Portuguese constitution stated that the House of Braganza was the ruling house of Portugal, by way of Queen Maria II, and her descendants still continued to style themselves as members of the House of Braganza, as opposed to Saxe-Coburg-Gotha-Braganza.[3]

The house is extinct.

History[edit]

The royal house was founded by Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha and Koháry who on 9 April 1836 married Queen Maria II of Portugal from the House of Braganza. Members of the royal house held the title Infante (or Infanta) of Portugal and Duke (or Duchess) of Saxony.[4] On 15 November 1853, Queen Maria II died, and her eldest son succeeded to the throne as Pedro V, the first king of the Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha dynasty.

The dynasty remained on the throne until the outbreak in Portugal of the 5 October 1910 revolution when King Manuel II of Portugal was deposed and the Portuguese First Republic was established. Manuel II went into exile in Fulwell Park, England, and, with his death on 2 July 1932, the House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha became extinct.[1]

Before his death in 1932, King Manuel II had been in negotiations with the rival Miguelist branch of the House of Braganza, who had claimed the Portuguese throne since 1834, in opposition to the Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha dynasty. On the King's death, the claim to the exctinct throne of Portugal passed to Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza.[5][6]

Modern claims[edit]

In 1932, a woman, calling herself Maria Pia de Saxe-Coburgo e Bragança,[7][8] claimed to be the illegitimate daughter of King Carlos I of Portugal and claimed the right to the titles of Duchess of Braganza and to be the rightful Queen of Portugal.[9] Maria Pia claimed that King Carlos I legitimized her through a royal decree and placed her in the line of succession, however no proof was presented to demonstrate this and the King similarly did not have the personal authority to do so. Maria Pia's paternity was never proven and her claim not widely accepted.

Rulers[edit]

Family tree[edit]

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fernando II
 
Maria II
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stephanie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
 
Pedro V
 
Luís I
 
Maria Pia of Savoy
 
João, Duke
of Beja
 
Maria Anna
 
George, King of Saxony
 
Antónia
 
Leopold, Prince of Hohenzollern
 
Augusto, Duke of Coimbra
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amélie of Orléans
 
Carlos I
 
Afonso, Duke of Porto
 
Nevada Stoody Hayes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Prince Luís Filipe
 
Manuel II
 
Augusta Victoria of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
 
 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Almanach de Gotha (175th ed.). Justus Perthes. 1938. p. 112. 
  2. ^ Maclagan, Michael (2002). Lines of Succession. Tables by Jiri Louda. Time Warner Books. p. 187. ISBN 0-316-72428-9. 
  3. ^ CONSTITUIÇÃO POLITICA DA MONARCHIA PORTUGUEZA p. Title 1, Chapter 1, Article 5.
  4. ^ Almanach de Gotha (146th ed.). Justus Perthes. 1909. p. 66. 
  5. ^ "Monarchist Breach Closed In Portugal". The New York Times. 1930-05-18. p. N1. 
  6. ^ "Successor Expects Throne". The New York Times. 1932-07-06. p. 19. 
  7. ^ "Princess Maria Pia of Saxe-Coburg, duchess of Braganza" in CHILCOTE, Ronald H.; The Portuguese Revolution: State and Class in the Transition to Democracy, page 37. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers; Reprint edition (August 31, 2012).
  8. ^ "...Her Royal Highness D. Maria Pia of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Braganza, the Crown Princess of Portugal" in Jean Pailler; Maria Pia of Braganza: The Pretender. New York: ProjectedLetters, 2006;
  9. ^ Jean Pailler; Maria Pia of Braganza: The Pretender. New York: ProjectedLetters, 2006.

Further reading[edit]

  • PINTO, Albano Anthero da Silveira; VISCONDE, Augusto Romano Sanches de Baêna e Farinha; Resenha das familías titulares e grandes de Portugal (Volume 1). Lisboa: Empreza Editora de Francisco Arthur da Silva (1883). Pág. 313
  • McCULLOCH, John Ramsay; A Dictionary, Geographical, Statistical, and Historical: of the various Countries, Places, and Principal Natural Objects in the World (Volume 4). Longmans: Green (1866). Pág. 14
  • Almanach de Gotha. Justus Perthes Publishing House in Gotha; 175th ed.
  • American Annals of Education (Volume 18). Otis: Broaders (1869).
  • ROBINSON, James Harvey; BEARD, Charles Austin; The development of modern Europe: an introduction to the study of current history. Ginn & Company (1908). Pág. 27.
  • The British Almanac: Containing Astronomical, Official and Other Information Relating to the British Isles, the Dominions Oversea and Foreign Countries. Stationers Company (1909). Pág. 457
  • W.H. De Puy; The Century Reference Library of Universal Knowledge (Volume 8). National Newspapers Company (1909).
  • ROLT-WHEELER, Francis; DRINKER, Frederick E.; The World War for Liberty: A Comprehensive and Authentic History of the War by Land, Sea and Air. C.H. Robinson Company (1919). Pág. 382
  • COLENBRANDER, Herman Theodoor; deel. Algemeene koloniale geschiedenis. M. Nijhoff (1925). Pág. 26.
  • Current History (Volume 38). New York Times Company (1933). Pág. 239.
  • The Catholic Encyclopedia: Laprade-Mass. Appleton (1950). Pág. 282.
  • FRANCIS, John Michael (Editor); Iberia and the Americas: Culture, Politics, and History (Transatlantic Relations), 3 Volumes Set. ABC-CLIO (November 21, 2005). Págs. 724 e 1112.
  • OLIVEIRA, Barradas de; Quando os cravos murcham (Volume 2). Edições FP (1984). Pág. 41.
  • FIGUEIREDO, Fidelino de; Revista de História (Volumes 10-11). Emprêsa Literária Fluminense (1921). Pág. 220.
  • PAILLER, Jean; Maria Pia of Braganza: The Pretender. New York: ProjectedLetters, 2006;
  • CHILCOTE, Ronald H.; The Portuguese Revolution: State and Class in the Transition to Democracy, page 37. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers; Reprint edition (August 31, 2012).

External links[edit]

House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Cadet branch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Preceded by
House of Braganza
Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Portugal (1640-1910).png
Ruling House of the Kingdom of Portugal

1853–1910
Monarchy Abolished