House of Lippe
|House of Lippe|
|Current head||Stephan, Prince of Lippe|
|Final ruler||Leopold IV|
|Titles||Lord, Count, Prince|
|Cadet branches||Lippe-Biesterfeld |
The House of Lippe (German: Haus Lippe) is the former reigning house of a number of small German states, two of which existed until the German Revolution of 1918–19. Princess Beatrix of the Netherlands, former Queen of the Netherlands (1980-2013), is an agnatic member of this house.
The House of Lippe descends from Jodocus Herman, Count of Lippe (died c. 1056), whose descendant Bernhard I was the founder of the state of Lippe in 1123. The family has produced several of the longest-reigning monarchs in Europe, including the longest reigning, Bernard VII, Lord of Lippe.
In 1613, the House's territory was split into the counties of Lippe-Detmold, Lippe-Brake and Lippe-Alverdissen. In 1643, Count Philipp of Lippe-Alverdissen founded the Schaumburg-Lippe line of the House of Lippe. After the other lines became extinct, their territories were inherited by either Lippe-Detmold (which in 1789 became the Principality of Lippe) or Schaumburg-Lippe (a principality since 1807).
In 1905, with the death of Prince Alexander, the senior Lippe-Detmold branch of the family became extinct and Count Leopold of Lippe-Biesterfeld (head of a non-ruling junior branch line) succeeded him as Prince.
During the German Revolution of 1918–19, the ruling Princes of Lippe and Schaumburg-Lippe were forced to abdicate, ending the family's 795-year rule. Stephan, Prince of Lippe (b. 1959) still owns the estate and castle at Detmold.
In 1937, Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld married Princess Juliana of the Netherlands. On the accession of their daughter Beatrix in 1980, the Netherlands Royal House officially remained known as the House of Orange-Nassau, although Beatrix and her sisters are agnatically members of the House of Lippe.
States ruled by the House of Lippe
- Lippe (1123–1918), known as Lippe-Detmold from 1613
- Lippe-Brake (1613–1709)
- Lippe-Alverdissen (1613–1640 and 1681–1777)
- Schaumburg-Lippe (1643–1918)
- The Netherlands (1980-2013) (although known as the House of Orange-Nassau)
— Royal house —
House of Lippe
|New title|| Ruling House of Lippe
| Ruling House of Schaumburg-Lippe|