House of Lords Reform Act 2014

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House of Lords Reform Act 2014
Long titleAn Act to make provision for resignation from the House of Lords; and to make provision for the expulsion of Members of the House of Lords in specified circumstances.
Citation2014 c. 24
Introduced byDan Byles
Territorial extentUnited Kingdom
Dates
Royal assent14 May 2014
Commencement
  • 14 August 2014 (Sections 1–2)
  • 14 May 2014 (Sections 3–7)
Status: Current legislation
Text of statute as originally enacted

The House of Lords Reform Act 2014 is an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom.[1] It received Royal Assent on 14 May 2014. The act allows members of the House of Lords to retire or resign – actions previously constitutionally impossible. It also makes provision to exclude members who commit serious criminal offences resulting in a jail sentence of at least one year, and members who fail to attend the House for a whole session. The act does not have retrospective effect.

To this day, 98 members resigned or retired and 6 memberships ceased under the provisions of the act because of non-attendance.

Peers retired or resigned under the provisions of the act[edit]

Key
  Conservative       Labour       Crossbench       Liberal Democrats       Non-affiliated       Democratic Unionist
Peer Affiliation Date joined Date retired Ref.
Julian Grenfell, 3rd Baron Grenfell Labour 17 April 2000[a] 1 October 2014 [2]
David Lytton-Cobbold, 2nd Baron Cobbold Crossbench 6 June 2000[b] 13 October 2014 [3]
Roger Chorley, 2nd Baron Chorley Crossbench 15 October 2001[c] 17 November 2014 [4]
Flora Fraser, 21st Lady Saltoun of Abernethy Crossbench 3 December 1979 12 December 2014 [5]
Patrick Jenkin, Baron Jenkin of Roding Conservative 3 November 1987 6 January 2015 [6]
David Waddington, Baron Waddington Conservative 4 December 1990 26 March 2015 [7]
Anthony Lloyd, Baron Lloyd of Berwick Crossbench 1 October 1993 27 March 2015 [8]
David Nickson, Baron Nickson Crossbench 22 March 1994 27 March 2015 [9]
Joel Joffe, Baron Joffe Labour 6 February 2000 30 March 2015 [10]
Michael Shaw, Baron Shaw of Northstead Conservative 30 September 1994 31 March 2015 [11]
Francis Tombs, Baron Tombs Crossbench 28 February 1990 31 March 2015 [12]
Michael Ashcroft, Baron Ashcroft Conservative 20 October 2000 3 April 2015 [13]
John Evans, Baron Evans of Parkside Labour 10 June 1997 20 April 2015 [14]
David Hope, Baron Hope of Thornes Crossbench 31 March 2005[d] 30 April 2015 [15]
Colin Sharman, Baron Sharman Liberal Democrat 2 August 1999 30 April 2015 [16]
William Lloyd George, 3rd Viscount Tenby Crossbench 17 November 1983 1 May 2015 [17]
Andrew Phillips, Baron Phillips of Sudbury Liberal Democrat 25 July 1998 7 May 2015 [18]
Michael Sandberg, Baron Sandberg Liberal Democrat 2 October 1997 8 May 2015 [19]
William Goodhart, Baron Goodhart Liberal Democrat 23 October 1997 15 May 2015 [20]
Robert Sheldon, Baron Sheldon Labour 22 June 2001 18 May 2015 [21]
Geoffrey Howe, Baron Howe of Aberavon Conservative 30 June 1992 19 May 2015 [22]
Gwilym Prys Prys-Davies, Baron Prys-Davies Labour 9 February 1983 23 May 2015 [23]
John Roper, Baron Roper Liberal Democrat 12 May 2000 23 May 2015 [24]
Patrick Mayhew, Baron Mayhew of Twysden Conservative 12 June 1997 1 June 2015 [25]
Mary Warnock, Baroness Warnock Crossbench 6 February 1985 1 June 2015 [26]
John Eden, Baron Eden of Winton Conservative 3 October 1983 11 June 2015 [27]
Arthur Lawson Johnston, 3rd Baron Luke Conservative 8 July 1996 24 June 2015 [28]
Robert Edmiston, Baron Edmiston Conservative 14 January 2011 22 July 2015 [29]
David Montgomery, 2nd Viscount Montgomery of Alamein Crossbench[e] 27 June 2005[f] 23 July 2015 [30]
Rosalie Wilkins, Baroness Wilkins Labour 30 July 1999 23 July 2015 [31]
John Sewel, Baron Sewel Non-affiliated[g] 10 January 1996 30 July 2015 [32]
George Simpson, Baron Simpson of Dunkeld Labour 5 November 1997 30 July 2015 [33]
Cecil Parkinson, Baron Parkinson Conservative 29 June 1992 14 September 2015 [34]
Peter Brooke, Baron Brooke of Sutton Mandeville Conservative 30 July 2001 18 September 2015 [35]
Alun Gwynne Jones, Baron Chalfont Crossbench 11 November 1964 10 November 2015 [36]
Ian Stewart, Baron Stewartby Conservative 20 July 1992 12 November 2015 [37]
Lawson Soulsby, Baron Soulsby of Swaffham Prior Conservative 22 May 1990 31 December 2015 [38]
Donald Dixon, Baron Dixon Labour 9 June 1997 9 February 2016 [39]
Shirley Williams, Baroness Williams of Crosby Liberal Democrat 1 February 1993 11 February 2016 [40]
Veronica Linklater, Baroness Linklater of Butterstone Liberal Democrat 1 November 1997 12 February 2016 [41]
Nicolas Browne-Wilkinson, Baron Browne-Wilkinson Crossbench 1 October 1991 1 March 2016 [42]
Richard Vincent, Baron Vincent of Coleshill Crossbench 3 September 1996 9 March 2016 [43]
Jill Knight, Baroness Knight of Collingtree Conservative 23 September 1997 24 March 2016 [44]
Derek Barber, Baron Barber of Tewkesbury Crossbench 12 August 1992 25 March 2016 [45]
Antony Armstrong-Jones, 1st Earl of Snowdon Crossbench 6 October 1961 31 March 2016 [46]
Tim Renton, Baron Renton of Mount Harry Conservative 9 June 1997 14 April 2016 [47]
Kenneth Cameron, Baron Cameron of Lochbroom Crossbench 8 June 1984 21 April 2016 [48]
Peter Inge, Baron Inge Crossbench 21 July 1997 25 April 2016 [49]
Pauline Perry, Baroness Perry of Southwark Conservative 16 July 1991 26 May 2016 [50]
Douglas Hurd, Baron Hurd of Westwell Conservative 13 June 1997 9 June 2016 [51]
Norman Macfarlane, Baron Macfarlane of Bearsden Conservative 29 July 1991 21 July 2016 [52]
Margaret Sharp, Baroness Sharp of Guildford Liberal Democrat 1 August 1998 31 July 2016 [53]
Geoffrey Tordoff, Baron Tordoff Liberal Democrat 11 May 1981 13 October 2016 [54]
William Wade, Baron Wade of Chorlton Conservative 16 May 1990 1 November 2016 [55]
Richard Scott, Baron Scott of Foscote Crossbench 17 July 2000 21 December 2016 [56]
Donald Mackay, Baron Mackay of Drumadoon Crossbench 13 December 1995 17 January 2017 [57]
John McCluskey, Baron McCluskey Crossbench 29 September 1976 1 March 2017 [58]
Donald Nicholls, Baron Nicholls of Birkenhead Crossbench 3 October 1994 3 April 2017 [59]
Gus Macdonald, Baron Macdonald of Tradeston Labour 2 October 1998 27 April 2017 [60]
Robert May, Baron May of Oxford Crossbench 18 July 2001 2 May 2017 [61]
Peter Millett, Baron Millett Crossbench 1 October 1998 4 May 2017 [62]
Betty Lockwood, Baroness Lockwood Labour 27 February 1978 18 May 2017 [63]
Roy Hattersley, Baron Hattersley Labour 24 November 1997 19 May 2017 [64]
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 7th Marquess of Salisbury Conservative 29 April 1992 8 June 2017 [65]
David Simon, Baron Simon of Highbury Non-affiliated 16 May 1997 9 June 2017 [66]
Robert Walpole, 10th Baron Walpole Crossbench 19 September 1989 13 June 2017 [67]
Basil Feldman, Baron Feldman Conservative 15 January 1996 30 June 2017 [68]
James Erskine, Earl of Mar and Kellie Liberal Democrat 19 April 2000[h] 30 June 2017 [69]
Andrew Lloyd Webber, Baron Lloyd-Webber Conservative 18 February 1997 17 October 2017 [70]
Jean Barker, Baroness Trumpington Conservative 4 February 1980 24 October 2017 [71]
Eileen Paisley, Baroness Paisley of St George's Democratic Unionist 14 June 2006 30 October 2017 [72]
Henry Plumb, Baron Plumb Conservative 6 April 1987 3 November 2017 [73]
Simon Mackay, Baron Tanlaw Conservative 21 May 1971 3 November 2017 [74]
Pamela Sharples, Baroness Sharples Conservative 18 June 1973 18 December 2017 [75]
Paul Condon, Baron Condon Crossbench 27 June 2001 21 December 2017 [76]
Ian MacLaurin, Baron MacLaurin of Knebworth Conservative 18 October 1996 22 December 2017 [77]
James Blyth, Baron Blyth of Rowington Conservative 24 July 1995 1 January 2018 [78]
Stanley Clinton-Davis, Baron Clinton-Davis Labour 8 May 1990 10 January 2018 [79]
Charles Sanderson, Baron Sanderson of Bowden Conservative 5 June 1985 29 March 2018 [80]
Robin Renwick, Baron Renwick of Clifton Crossbench 26 September 1997 31 March 2018 [81]
Brian Hutton, Baron Hutton Crossbench 6 January 1997 23 April 2018 [82]
John Smith, Baron Kirkhill Labour 17 July 1975 30 April 2018 [83]
Edward Baldwin, 4th Earl Baldwin of Bewdley Crossbench 15 November 1977 9 May 2018 [84]
Robin Dixon, 3rd Baron Glentoran Conservative 13 November 1995 1 June 2018 [85]
Ronnie Fearn, Baron Fearn Liberal Democrat 11 July 2001 11 July 2018 [86]
May Blood, Baroness Blood Labour 31 July 1999 4 September 2018 [87]
Christopher James, 5th Baron Northbourne Crossbench 5 November 1982 4 September 2018 [88]
Anthony Lester, Baron Lester of Herne Hill Non-affiliated[i] 13 October 1993 12 December 2018 [89]
Kathleen Richardson, Baroness Richardson of Calow Crossbench 3 August 1998 20 December 2018 [90]
Terence Higgins, Baron Higgins Conservative 28 October 1997 1 January 2019 [91]
Rosalind Howells, Baroness Howells of St Davids Labour 21 July 1999 10 January 2019 [92]
John Mogg, Baron Mogg Crossbench 28 May 2008 14 January 2019 [93]
Trevor Arthur Smith, Baron Smith of Clifton Liberal Democrat 4 November 1997 31 January 2019 [94]
William Cullen, Baron Cullen of Whitekirk Crossbench 17 June 2003 1 February 2019 [95]
Sally Oppenheim-Barnes, Baroness Oppenheim-Barnes Conservative 9 February 1989 25 February 2019 [96]
Herman Ouseley, Baron Ouseley Crossbench 26 June 2001 24 May 2019 [97]
Joyce Gould, Baroness Gould of Potternewton Labour 6 October 1993 22 July 2019 [98]
John MacGregor, Baron MacGregor of Pulham Market Conservative 5 July 2001 26 July 2019 [99]
  1. ^ Previously sat 1976–1999.
  2. ^ Previously sat 1987–1999.
  3. ^ Previously sat 1978–1999.
  4. ^ Previously sat 1991–2005, as Bishop of London to 1995 and then as Archbishop of York.
  5. ^ Sat as Conservative from 1976 to 1999.
  6. ^ Previously sat 1976–1999.
  7. ^ Labour until 2012.
  8. ^ Previously sat 1993–1999.
  9. ^ Liberal Democrat until 2018.

Additionally, Edward Douglas-Scott-Montagu, 3rd Baron Montagu of Beaulieu had given a written notice that he would retire on 17 September 2015, however he died on 31 August 2015.[100]

Peers removed for non-attendance under the provisions of the act[edit]

Peer Affiliation Date joined Date removed Ref.
Thomas Bridges, 2nd Baron Bridges Crossbench 27 August 1969 18 May 2016 [101]
Patrick Neill, Baron Neill of Bladen Crossbench 28 November 1997 18 May 2016 [102]
Terence James Thomas, Baron Thomas of Macclesfield Labour 05 November 1997 18 May 2016 [103]
Susan Thomas, Baroness Thomas of Wallisford Liberal Democrat 06 October 1994 18 May 2016 [104]
Muriel Turner, Baroness Turner of Camden Labour 29 May 1985 13 June 2017 [105]
David Wolfson, Baron Wolfson of Sunningdale Conservative 26 March 1991 13 June 2017 [106]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ UK Parliament. House of Lords Reform Act 2014 as amended (see also enacted form), from legislation.gov.uk.
  2. ^ "Lord Grenfell". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  3. ^ "Lord Cobbold". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  4. ^ "Lord Chorley". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  5. ^ "Lady Saltoun of Abernethy". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  6. ^ "Lord Jenkin of Roding". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  7. ^ "Lord Waddingtong". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  8. ^ "Lord Lloyd of Berwick". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  9. ^ "Lord Nickson". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  10. ^ "Lord Joffe". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  11. ^ "Lord Shaw of Northstead". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  12. ^ "Lord Tombs". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  13. ^ "Lord Ashcroft". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  14. ^ "Lord Evans of Parkside". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  15. ^ "Lord Hope of Thornes". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  16. ^ "Lord Sharman". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  17. ^ "Viscount Tenby". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  18. ^ "Lord Phillips of Sudbury". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  19. ^ "Lord Sandberg". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  20. ^ "Lord Goodhart". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  21. ^ "Lord Sheldon". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  22. ^ "Lord Howe of Aberavon". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  23. ^ "Lord Prys-Davies". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  24. ^ "Lord Roper". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  25. ^ "Lord Mayhew of Twysden". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  26. ^ "Baroness Warnock". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  27. ^ "Lord Eden of Winton". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  28. ^ "Lord Luke". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  29. ^ "Lord Edmiston". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  30. ^ "Viscount Montgomery of Alamein". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  31. ^ "Baroness Wilkins". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  32. ^ "Lord Sewel". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  33. ^ "Lord Simpson of Dunkeld". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  34. ^ "Lord Parkinson". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  35. ^ "Lord Brooke of Sutton Mandeville". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  36. ^ "Lord Chalfont". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  37. ^ "Lord Stewartby". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  38. ^ "Lord Soulsby of Swaffham Prior". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  39. ^ "Lord Dixon". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  40. ^ "Baroness Williams of Crosby". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  41. ^ "Baroness Linklater of Butterstone". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  42. ^ "Lord Browne-Wilkinson". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  43. ^ "Lord Vincent of Coleshill". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  44. ^ "Baroness Knight of Collingtree". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  45. ^ "Lord Barber of Tewkesbury". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  46. ^ "Earl of Snowdon". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  47. ^ "Lord Renton of Mount Harry". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  48. ^ "Lord Cameron of Lochbroom". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  49. ^ "Lord Inge". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  50. ^ "Baroness Perry of Southwark". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  51. ^ "Lord Hurd of Westwell". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  52. ^ "Lord Macfarlane of Bearsden". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  53. ^ "Baroness Sharp of Guildford". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  54. ^ "Lord Tordoff". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  55. ^ "Lord Wade of Chorlton". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  56. ^ "Lord Scott of Foscote". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  57. ^ "Lord Mackay of Drumadoon". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  58. ^ "Lord McCluskey". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  59. ^ "Lord Nicholls of Birkenhead". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  60. ^ "Lord Macdonald of Tradeston". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  61. ^ "Lord May of Oxford". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  62. ^ "Lord Millett". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  63. ^ "Baroness Lockwood". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  64. ^ "Lord Hattersley". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  65. ^ "Marquess of Salisbury". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  66. ^ "Lord Simon of Highbury". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  67. ^ "Lord Walpole". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  68. ^ "Lord Feldman". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  69. ^ "The Earl of Mar and Kellie". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  70. ^ "Lord Lloyd-Webber". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  71. ^ "Baroness Trumpington". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  72. ^ "Baroness Paisley of St George's". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  73. ^ "Lord Plumb". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  74. ^ "Lord Tanlaw". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  75. ^ "Baroness Sharples". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  76. ^ "Lord Condon". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  77. ^ "Lord MacLaurin of Knebworth". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  78. ^ "Lord Blyth of Rowington". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  79. ^ "Lord Clinton-Davis". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  80. ^ "Lord Sanderson of Bowden". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  81. ^ "Lord Renwick of Clifton". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  82. ^ "Lord Hutton". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  83. ^ "Lord Kirkhill". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  84. ^ "Earl Baldwin of Bewdley". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  85. ^ "Lord Glentoran". UK Parliament. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
  86. ^ "Lord Fearn". UK Parliament. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
  87. ^ "Baroness Blood". UK Parliament. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  88. ^ "Lord Northbourne". UK Parliament. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  89. ^ "Lord Lester of Herne Hill". UK Parliament. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
  90. ^ "Baroness Richardson of Calow". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
  91. ^ "Lord Higgins". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  92. ^ "Baroness Howells of St Davids". UK Parliament. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
  93. ^ "Lord Mogg". UK Parliament. Retrieved 15 January 2019.
  94. ^ "Lord Smith of Clifton". UK Parliament. Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  95. ^ "Lord Cullen of Whitekirk". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2 February 2019.
  96. ^ "Baroness Oppenheim-Barnes". UK Parliament. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  97. ^ "Lord Ouseley". UK Parliament. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  98. ^ "Baroness Gould of Potternewton". UK Parliament. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
  99. ^ "Lord MacGregor of Pulham Market". UK Parliament. Retrieved 26 July 2019.
  100. ^ "Minutes of Proceedings of Wednesday 15 July 2015". House of Lords, UK Parliament.
  101. ^ "Lord Bridges". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  102. ^ "Lord Neill of Bladen". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  103. ^ "Lord Thomas of Macclesfield". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  104. ^ "Baroness Thomas of Walliswood". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  105. ^ "Baroness Turner of Camden". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  106. ^ "Lord Wolfson of Sunningdale". UK Parliament. Retrieved 20 May 2018.