House of Munsö
|House of Munsö|
House of Björn Ironside
|Protohistoric Swedish royal dynasty|
|Place of origin||Munsö, Ekerö, Sweden|
The House of Munsö, also called House of Björn Ironside, was a protohistoric Swedish royal dynasty, reportedly founded by King Björn Ironside, active circa 9th century – 1060. Its early members of the 8th or 9th century are considered legendary or semi-legendary, while its later scions of the 10th to 11th centuries are more firmly accepted as historical.
It is also known as the House of Ivar Vidfamne, the House of Uppsala, or simply the "Old Dynasty". Munsö in Ekerö, not far from Birka, is the island in Lake Mälaren where a barrow has been claimed to be the grave of Björn Ironside, a legendary founding member. The expression "Munsöätten" (House of Munsö) was first coined in a comprehensive work on Swedish kingship issued in 1956.
The sagas, such as the Hervarar saga, contain extensive information on this dynasty for as many as 10 generations, but although some of the 9th-century kings are held to be historical, modern Swedish historiography begins it with the late 10th-century king, Eric the Victorious. The king Björn, who was the father of Eric the Victorious, according to the sagas, is not accepted as historical by critical historians, unlike another 10th-century king named Emund Eriksson who appears in the work of Adam of Bremen.
Full list of Swedish legendary kings. The names in parentheses are kings who are not mentioned in Hervarar saga, but who are mentioned in other sources:
- Sigurd Hring
- Ragnar Lodbrok
- Björn Ironside
- Erik Björnsson perhaps co-ruling with Refil (early 9th century)
- Erik Refilsson (early 9th century)
- Anund Uppsale (early 9th century)
- Björn at Hauge (c. 829 – c. 831)
- (Olof, mid-9th century)
- Erik Anundsson (Erik Emundsson or Erik Weatherhat?, mid-9th century)
- (Ring, c. 910 – c. 940)
- (Erik Ringsson, c. 940 – c. 950)
- (Emund Eriksson, mid-10th century)
- Björn (III) Eriksson (second half of the 10th century)
- Olof (II) Björnsson (second half of the 10th century)
- c 950–995 : Eric the Victorious (Erik Segersäll)
- 995–1022 : Olof III of Sweden (Olof Skötkonung)
- 1022–1050 : Anund Jacob (Anund Jakob)
- 1050–1060 : Emund the Old (Emund den gamle)
Aslaug, Ragnar's wife and the mother of his sons, was the daughter of Sigurd, whose ancestor Sigi was a descendant of Odin (Sigurd Signundsson, not to be confused with Sigurd Randversson, King at Lethra, Ragnar's father). Therefore, the entire house of Munso (and all their descendants) are descended from Odin.
Notes and references
- The article Regentlängd on the site of the Swedish Museum of National Antiquities.
- Hadenius, Stig; Nilsson, Torbjörn; Åselius, Gunnar (1996) Sveriges historia: vad varje svensk bör veta. Bonnier Alba, Borås. ISBN 91-34-51857-6 p. 88
- Lagerquist, Lars O. (1997). Sveriges Regenter, från forntid till nutid. Norstedts, Stockholm. ISBN 91-1-963882-5 p. 24
Ynglingaätten var nu utdöd sedan kanske 1000 år. Det är naturligtvis möjligt, att de kungar över svearna som är omnämnda under 800-talet och av vilka några verkligen är historiska, också var släkt med dessa forntida härskare. I varje fall återkommer flera namn från sagotiden. Den förste härskaren Björn järnsida behöver vi inte acceptera som historisk. Han skall ha varit den förste av den nya ätten. Han härjade i utlandet. En storhög på Munsö i Mälaren blev i början av 1700-talet attribuerad till honom, säkert vad vi brukar kalla för en de lärdas antikvariernas spekulation. Men högen hette faktiskt "Biörne-backen" och liknande... Translation: The House of Yngling had been extinct for maybe 1000 years. It is naturally possible that the kings of the Swedes who are mentioned during the 9th century and of whom some really are historical, also were related to these ancient rulers. In any case several names return from the legendary period. The first ruler Björn Ironside we need not accept as historical. He is supposed to have been the first of his dynasty. He pillaged abroad. A mound on Munsö in Lake Mälaren was attributed to him in the beginning of the 18th century, certainly speculation of learned antiquarians. But this mound was actually called "Biörne slope" and similar....
- Bernadotte, Carl, et al. (eds) (1956) Sveriges hundra konungar. Stockholm: Biblioteksböcker.
- N. Kershaw's English translation of the Hervarar saga. Archived 2006-03-28 at the Wayback Machine
- Lagerquist, Lars O. (1997). Sveriges Regenter, från forntid till nutid. Norstedts, Stockholm. ISBN 91-1-963882-5 p. 26
Näste kung skall ha hetat Björn. Inte heller denne accepteras av stränga historiker. Enligt Hervararsaga regerade han i länge, i 50 år, påstår Snorre. Translation: The next king is said to have been named Björn. Not even this king is accepted by critical historians. According to Hervarar saga he ruled for a long time, for 50 years, claims Snorri.
- Lagerquist, Lars O. (1997). Sveriges Regenter, från forntid till nutid. Norstedts, Stockholm. ISBN 91-1-963882-5 p. 27
Ytterligare en kung får anses historiskt belagd, Emund Eriksson, som skall ha varit son till nyss nämnde Erik och väl var uppkallad efter sin farbror Emund. Translation: Another king should be considered historically attested, Emund Eriksson, who is supposed to have been the son of the aforementioned Erik and should have been named after his uncle Emund.
House of Munsö
Possibly House of Ynglings/Scylfings (legendary)
| Ruling House of the Kingdom of Sweden
c. 800 – 1060
House of Stenkil