House of Nassau

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House of Nassau
Arms of Nassau.svg
Arms of Nassau: Azure billetty or, a lion rampant of the last armed and langued gules
CountryGermany, Netherlands, Belgium, France, England, Scotland, Ireland, Luxembourg, Nassau, Orange
Founded1093; 928 years ago (1093)
FounderDudo of Laurenburg
Current headHenri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (in cognatic line)
Titles
Estate(s)Nassau Castle
Dissolution1985 (in agnatic line)
Cadet branchesHouse of Nassau-Weilburg
House of Orange-Nassau
House of Nassau-Corroy

The House of Nassau is a diversified aristocratic dynasty in Europe. It is named after the lordship associated with Nassau Castle, located in present-day Nassau, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. The lords of Nassau were originally titled "Count of Nassau", then elevated to the princely class as "Princely Counts". Early on they divided into two main branches: the elder (Walramian) branch, that gave rise to the German king Adolf, and the younger (Ottonian) branch, that gave rise to the Princes of Orange and the monarchs of the Netherlands.

At the end of the Holy Roman Empire and the Napoleonic Wars, the Walramian branch had inherited or acquired all the Nassau ancestral lands and proclaimed themselves, with the permission of the Congress of Vienna, the "Dukes of Nassau", forming the independent state of Nassau with its capital at Wiesbaden; this territory today mainly lies in the German Federal State of Hesse, and partially in the neighbouring State of Rhineland-Palatinate. The Duchy was annexed in 1866 after the Austrian-Prussian War as an ally of Austria by Prussia. It was subsequently incorporated into the newly created Prussian Province of Hesse-Nassau.

Today, the term Nassau is used in Germany as a name for a geographical, historical and cultural region, but no longer has any political meaning. All Dutch and Luxembourgish monarchs since 1815 have been senior members of the House of Nassau. However, in 1890 in the Netherlands and in 1912 in Luxembourg, the male lines of heirs to the two thrones became extinct, so that since then, they have descended in the female line from the House of Nassau.

According to German tradition, the family name is passed on only in the male line of succession. The House would therefore, from this German perspective, have been extinct since 1985.[1][2] However, both Dutch and Luxembourgish monarchial traditions, constitutional rules and legislation in that matter differ from the German tradition, and thus neither country considers the House extinct. The Grand Duke of Luxembourg uses "Duke of Nassau" as his secondary title and a title of pretense to the dignity of Chief of the House of Nassau (being the most senior member of the eldest branch of the House), but not to lay any territorial claims to the former Duchy of Nassau which is now part of the Federal Republic of Germany.

Origins[edit]

County of Nassau in 1547 between the Rhine and Frankfurt
Confessional Map of the Duchy of Nassau in 1815 showing the result of years of family and religious division.

Dudo of Laurenburg (ca. 1060 – ca. 1123) is considered the founder of the House of Nassau. He is first mentioned in the purported founding-charter of Maria Laach Abbey in 1093 (although many historians consider the document to be fabricated). The Castle Laurenburg, located a few kilometres upriver from Nassau on the Lahn, was the seat of his lordship. His family probably descended from the Lords of Lipporn. In 1159, Nassau Castle became the ruling seat, and the house is now named after this castle.

The Counts of Laurenburg and Nassau expanded their authority under the brothers Rupert (Ruprecht) I (1123–1154) and Arnold I (1123–1148). Rupert was the first person to call himself Count of Nassau, but the title was not confirmed until 1159, five years after Rupert's death. Rupert's son Walram I (1154–1198) was the first person to be legally titled Count of Nassau.

The chronology of the Counts of Laurenburg is not certain and the link between Rupert I and Walram I is especially controversial. Also, some sources consider Gerhard, listed as co-Count of Laurenburg in 1148, to be the son of Rupert I's brother, Arnold I.[3] However, Erich Brandenburg in his Die Nachkommen Karls des Großen ('The Descendants of Charlemagne') states that it is most likely that Gerhard was Rupert I's son, because Gerard was the name of Beatrix of Limburg's maternal grandfather.[4]

Counts of Laurenburg (ca. 1093–1159)[edit]

  • ca. 1060 – ca. 1123: Dudo
  • 1123–1154: Rupert (Ruprecht) I – son of Dudo
  • 1123–1148: Arnold I – son of Dudo
  • 1148: Gerhard – son (probably) of Rupert I
  • 1151–1154: Arnold II – son of Rupert I
  • 1154–1159: Rupert II – son of Rupert I

Counts of Nassau (1159–1255)[edit]

The Walram Line (1255–1985)[edit]

Walram Nassau wapen
Arms with crest and motto
Walramian Nassau Arms with crowned lion
Walramian Nassau Arms with crowned lion
Crowned Lion Arms and crest of the Walram line now seen in the Coat of arms of Luxembourg: "d'azur, semé de billettes d'or, au lion couronné du second, armé, lampassé de gueules.'"[5]

Counts of Nassau in Wiesbaden, Idstein, and Weilburg (1255–1344)[edit]

  • 1255–1276: Walram II
  • 1276–1298: Adolf of Nassau, crowned King of Germany in 1292
  • 1298–1304: Rupert VI of Nassau
  • 1298–1324: Walram III, Count of Nassau in Wiesbaden, Idstein, and Weilnau
  • 1298–1344: Gerlach I, Count of Nassau in Wiesbaden, Idstein, Weilburg, and Weilnau

After Gerlach's death, the possessions of the Walram line were divided into Nassau-Weilburg and Nassau-Wiesbaden-Idstein.

Nassau-Weilburg (1344–1816)[edit]

Flag of Nassau-Weilburg

Count Walram II began the Countship of Nassau-Weilburg, which existed to 1816. The sovereigns of this house afterwards ruled the Duchy of Nassau until 1866 and from 1890 the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. The branch of Nassau-Weilburg ultimately became rulers of Luxembourg. The Walram line received the lordship of Merenberg in 1328 and Saarbrücken (by marriage) in 1353.

Counts of Nassau-Weilburg (1344–1688)[edit]

Princely counts of Nassau-Weilburg (1688–1816)[edit]

Dukes of Nassau (1816–1866)[edit]

In 1866, Prussia annexed the Duchy of Nassau as the duke had been an ally of Austria in the Second Austro-Prussian War. In 1890, Duke Adolf would become Grand Duke Adolphe of Luxembourg.

Duchy of Nassau in 1812 as part of the Confederation of the Rhine.
Duchy of Nassau in 1848.

Grand Dukes of Luxembourg (from the House of Nassau-Weilburg) – 1890–1912 and succession through a female onwards[edit]

From a morganatic marriage, contracted in 1868, descends a family, see Count of Merenberg, which in 1907 was declared non-dynastic. Had they not been excluded from the succession, they would have inherited the headship of the house in 1912.

Counts of Nassau-Wiesbaden-Idstein (1344–1728)[edit]

After Frederick Louis's death, Nassau-Wiesbaden-Idstein fell to Charles, Prince of Nassau-Usingen

Counts of Nassau-Saarbrücken (1429–1797)[edit]

After Henry Louis's death, Nassau-Saarbrücken fell to Charles William, Prince of Nassau-Usingen until Adolph came of age in 1805.

Princes of Nassau-Usingen (1659–1816)[edit]

In 1816, Nassau-Usingen merged with Nassau-Weilburg to form the Duchy of Nassau. See "Dukes of Nassau" above. The princely titles continued to be used, however, evidenced by the carrying of the title Prince of Nassau-Weilburg by the Grand Duke of Luxembourg. Following Frederick Augustus' death, the princely title was adopted (in pretense) by his half brother through an unequal marriage, Karl Philip. As head of the House in 1907, Wilhelm IV declared the Count of Merenberg non-dynastic; by extension, this would indicate that (according to Luxembourgish laws regarding the House of Nassau) this branch would assume the Salic headship of the house in 1965, following the death of the last male Count of Merenberg.[6]

The Ottonian Line[edit]

Ottonian Nassau wapen
Arms with crest and motto
Ottonian Nassau Arms
Ottonian Nassau Arms
Arms and crest of the Ottonian line (since the 13th century) now part of the Coat of arms of the Netherlands: "d'azur semé de billettes d'or, au lion du même, armé et lampassé de gueules, brochant sur le tout".[5]
Electoral Hesse and the Nassau lands in the early 19th century showing the multiple divisions based on family lines.
  • 1255–1290: Otto I, Count of Nassau in Siegen, Dillenburg, Beilstein, and Ginsberg
  • 1290–1303: Joint rule by Henry, John and Emicho I, sons of Otto I

In 1303, Otto's sons divided the possessions of the Ottonian line. Henry received Nassau-Siegen, John received Nassau-Dillenburg and Emicho I received Nassau-Hadamar. After John's death. Nassau-Dillenburg fell to Henry.

Counts of Nassau-Dillenburg[edit]

In 1739, Nassau-Dillenburg fell to Nassau-Dietz, a.k.a. Orange-Nassau.

Counts of Nassau-Beilstein[edit]

In 1343, Nassau-Beilstein was split off from Nassau-Dillenburg.

After John III's death, Nassau-Beilstein fell back to Nassau-Dillenburg. It was split off again in 1607 for George, who inherited the rest of Nassau-Dillenburg in 1620.

Counts and Princes of Nassau-Hadamar[edit]

  • 1303–1334: Emicho I, Count in Driedorf, Esterau, and Hadamar, married Anna of Nuremberg
  • 1334–1364: John, married Elisabeth of Waldeck
  • ?-1412: Elisabeth, daughter of John, Countess of Nassau-Hadamar
  • 1334–1359: Emicho II, son of Emicho I, married Anna of Dietz
  • 1364–1369: Henry, son of John, Count of Nassau-Hadamar
  • 1369–1394: Emicho III, son of John

After Emicho III's death, Nassau-Hadamar fell back to Nassau-Dillenburg.

In 1620, the younger line of Nassau-Hadamar was split off from Nassau-Dillenburg

In 1711, Nassau-Hadamar was divided between Nassau-Dietz, Nassau-Dillenburg, and Nassau-Siegen.

Nassau-Siegen[edit]

The branch of Nassau-Siegen was a collateral line of the House of Nassau, and ruled in Siegen. The first Count of Nassau in Siegen was Count Henry I (d. 1343), the elder son of Count Otto I of Nassau. His son Count Otto II of Nassau ruled also in Dillenburg.

In 1328, John of Nassau-Dillenburg died unmarried and childless, and Dillenburg fell to Henry of Nassau-Siegen. For counts of Nassau-Siegen in between 1343 and 1606, see "Counts of Nassau-Dillenburg" above.

In 1606 the younger line of Nassau-Siegen was split off from the House of Nassau-Dillenburg. After the main line of the House became extinct in 1734, Emperor Charles VI transferred the county to the House of Orange-Nassau.

Counts and Princes of Nassau-Siegen[edit]

Gozdzki – de Nassau Palace in Warsaw that belonged to wealthy Karolina Gozdzka (1747–1807) and her husband Charles Henry de Nassau-Siegen (1745–1808).[7]

In 1734, Nassau-Siegen fell to Nassau-Dietz, a.k.a. Orange-Nassau.

Counts and Princes of Nassau-Dietz[edit]

Princes of the House of Nassau-Dietz from the Stadhouderlijk Hof of Paleis in Leeuwaarden, H.Prince of Nassau, Henry Casimir, Prince of Nassau, George, Prince of Nassau, and Willem Frederick, Prince of Nassau-Dietz

When the Nassau lands were divided by the sons of John, Count of Nassau-Dillenburg, the brother of William the Silent, the main part of the Counts of Nassau-(in)Dietz was the town of Diez:

In 1702, the Nassau-Dietz branch followed the House of Orange that had become extinct with William III of England (d. 1702). The counts of Nassau-Dietz not only descended from William I., the Silent's, brother, but in female line also from himself, as William Frederick, Prince of Nassau-Dietz, had married Countess Albertine Agnes of Nassau, the fifth daughter of Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange in 1652. She had Oranienstein Palace built from 1672 as her new residence at Diez.

Their grandson Johan Willem Friso (1687-1711) became Stadholder in Friesland and Groningen, and in 1702 became the heir of William III of England and thus the founder of the younger House of Orange-Nassau and of the Dutch Royal Family. However, he had to split the Dutch properties with the King of Prussia who also descended from William I. Johan Willem Friso's son, William IV, Prince of Orange, inherited a number of Nassau territories besides his paternal Nassau-Dietz, namely Nassau-Hadamar in 1711, Nassau-Siegen in 1734, and Nassau-Dillenburg in 1739. In 1732, Frederick William I of Prussia left him his Dutch properties, including Huis ten Bosch palace and Het Loo Palace. William IV became stadtholder of the Netherlands in 1747 and reunited all of the Dutch and German possessions of his family (except for Nassau-Weilburg) in his hand, styling himself Prince of Orange and Nassau.

The county of Nassau-Diez, like other Nassau territories, was occupied by Napoleonic France in 1795 and in 1806 was annexed by the Duchy of Nassau (ruled by the branch of Nassau-Weilburg) on 16–17 September 1796 as a consequence of the 2nd Coalition war between Austrians and French in the area between Diez and Limburg. By the end of the 18th century the entire west bank of the Rhine went to France and in 1803 a new Principality of Orange was formed from other territories, however only to be divided between the Duchy of Nassau and the Grand Duchy of Berg in 1806. William I of the Netherlands recovered his former counties in 1813, but gave Nassau-Diez, Nassau-Hadamar und Nassau-Dillenburg to Prussia, in exchange with Luxembourg, two years later. Prussia kept only Nassau-Siegen and soon ceded the other counties to the Duchy of Nassau which was however annexed by Prussia, including Diez, after the Austro-Prussian War in 1866, for Nassau's support of Austria.

Orange-Nassau[edit]

The House of Orange-Nassau stems from the Ottonian Line. The connection was via Engelbert I, who offered his services to the Duke of Burgundy and married a Dutch noblewoman, Johanna van Polanen, who inherited the vast lands of the House of Polanen in the Netherlands, with the barony of Breda as the core of the future Dutch possessions of the House of Nassau-Dillenburg.

William I. "the Silent" (1545–1584), founder of the Netherlands, statue at Wiesbaden

The importance of the Nassaus grew throughout the 15th and 16th century. Henry III of Nassau-Breda was appointed stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland and Utrecht by Emperor Charles V in the beginning of the 16th century. Henry was succeeded by his son, René of Châlon-Orange in 1538, who was, as can be inferred from his name, a Prince of Orange. When René died prematurely on the battlefield in 1544 his possessions and the princely title passed to his cousin, William the Silent, a Count of Nassau-Dillenburg. By dropping the suffix name "Dillenburg" (of the Orange-Nassau-Dillenburg), from then on the family members called themselves "Orange-Nassau."

Painting by Willem van Honthorst (1662), showing four generations of Princes of Orange: William I, Maurice and Frederick Henry, William II, and William III.

With the death of William III, the legitimate direct male line of William the Silent became extinct and thereby the first House of Orange-Nassau. John William Friso, the senior agnatic descendant of William the Silent's brother and a cognatic descendant of Frederick Henry, grandfather of William III, inherited the princely title and all the possessions in the low countries and Germany, but not the Principality of Orange itself. The Principality was ceded to France under the Treaty of Utrecht that ended the wars with King Louis XIV. John William Friso, who also was the Prince of Nassau-Dietz, founded thereby the second House of Orange-Nassau (the suffix name "Dietz" was dropped of the combined name Orange-Nassau-Dietz).

The Revolutionary and Napoleonic era was a tumultuous episode of the history of both the Ottonian and Walramian branches of the House of Nassau. France's dominance of the international order severely strained the House of Nassau's traditional strategy of international conflict resolution, which was to maintain links with all serious power-brokers through a dynastic network in the hope of maintaining a balance of power. Despite that both branches of the House of Nassau reinvigorated the dynastic network in the years of liberation, 1812–1814, the post-Napoleonic European order saw both branches set on different historical paths.[8]

After the post-Napoleonic reorganization of Europe, the head of House of Orange-Nassau gained the title "King/Queen of the Netherlands" and "Grand Duke of Luxembourg". The latter was gained, with permission of the Congress of Vienna by trading the ancestral Ottonian Nassau lands in Germany to their Walramian cousins for the duchy of Luxembourg, which was closer to their power center of Holland, and remained in personal union with the Kingdom of the Netherlands until the death of the last male Ottonian, King William III of the Netherlands. The King of Prussia, who also had a claim to the principality of Orange received lands in the Ruhr. In this way, everyone consolidated more land nearer their power bases.

Princes of Orange[edit]

House of Orange-Nassau(-Dillenburg), first creation[edit]
  • 1544–1584: William I, also Count of Katzenelnbogen, Vianden, Dietz, Buren and Leerdam and Lord of IJsselstein
  • 1584–1618: Philip William, also Count of Nassau-Dillenburg, Count of Vianden, Buren and Leerdam and Lord of IJsselstein
  • 1618–1625: Maurice, also Count of Nassau-Dillenburg, Count of Vianden, Buren and Leerdam and Lord of IJsselstein
  • 1625–1647: Frederick Henry, also Count of Nassau-Dillenburg, Count of Vianden, Buren and Leerdam and Lord of IJsselstein
  • 1647–1650: William II, also Count of Nassau-Dillenburg, Count of Vianden, Buren and Leerdam and Lord of IJsselstein
  • 1650–1702: William III, also Count of Nassau-Dillenburg, Count of Vianden, Buren and Leerdam, Lord of IJsselstein and (from 1689) King of England, Scotland, and Ireland

In 1702, the Orange-Nassau-Dillenburg line died out and its possessions fell to the Nassau-Dietz line.

House of Orange-Nassau(-Dietz), second creation[edit]
Lands of Nassau in 1796
  • 1702–1711: John William Friso, also Prince of Nassau-Dietz, Count of Vianden, Buren and Leerdam and Lord of IJsselstein
  • 1711–1751: William IV, also Prince of Nassau-Dietz, Count of Vianden, Buren and Leerdam and Lord of IJsselstein
  • 1751–1806: William V, also Prince of Nassau-Dietz, Count of Vianden, Buren and Leerdam and Lord of IJsselstein
  • 1806–1815: William VI, also Prince of Fulda and Count of Corvey, Weingarten and Dortmund; in 1815 became King William I of the Netherlands
Royal coat of arms of the Netherlands

Kings and Queens of the Netherlands (from the House of Orange-Nassau-Dietz)[edit]

  • 1815–1840: William I, also Duke and Grand Duke of Luxemburg and Duke of Limburg
  • 1840–1849: William II, also Grand Duke of Luxemburg and Duke of Limburg
  • 1849–1890: William III, also Grand Duke of Luxemburg and Duke of Limburg
  • 1890–1948: Wilhelmina

Following German laws, the House of Orange-Nassau(-Dietz) has been extinct since the death of Wilhelmina (1962). Dutch laws and the Dutch nation do not consider it extinct.

Family tree[edit]

Family tree of the House of Nassau

The following family tree is compiled from Wikipedia and the reference cited in the note[9]

Dudo of Laurenburg
(c. 1060c. 1123)
Count of Laurenburg
r.1093
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Arms of Nassau.svg
Rupert (Ruprecht) I
of Nassau
(c. 1090c. 1154)
co-Count of Laurenburg
r.1123
1st Count of Nassau
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Arms of Nassau.svg
Arnold I
Count of Laurenburg
(d.c. 1148)
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Arms of Nassau.svg
Rupert (Ruprecht) II
Count of Laurenburg
(1154–1158)(d.c. 1159)
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Arms of Nassau.svg
Walram I
(French: Valéran)
(c. 1146–1198)
was the first
(legally titled)
Count of Nassau
(1154–1198)
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Arms of Nassau.svg
Henry (Heinrich) I
co-Count of Nassau
(1160 – August 1167)
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Arms of Nassau.svg
Rupert (Ruprecht) III
the Bellicose
(d.1191)
co-Count of Nassau
(1160–1191)
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Arms of Nassau.svg
Henry (Heinrich) II
the Rich
Count of Nassau
(1180–1251)
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Arms of Nassau.svg
Rupert (Ruprecht) IV
Count of Nassau
(1198–1230)
Teutonic Knight Teuton flag.svg
(1230–1240)
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Arms of Nassau.svg
Herrmann
(d.aft. 3 December 1240)
Canon of Mainz Cathedral
Walram II
of Nassau
(c. 1220 – 1276)
WALRAMIAN Branch
Present-day rulers of Luxembourg
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Arms of Nassau.svg
Rupert (Ruprecht) V
d.before 1247
Teutonic Knight
(1230–1240)Teuton flag.svg
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Arms of Nassau.svg
Otto I of Nassau
(reigned c. 1247 – 1290)
OTTONIAN branch
Present-day rulers of the Netherlands
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Arms of Nassau.svg
John
(c. 1230 – 1309)
Bishop-Elect of Utrecht
(1267–1290)
Adolf
(c. 1255–1298)
King of Germany
(1292–1298)
Crown of Holy Roman Empire.png
Armoiries empereur Adolphe de Nassau.svg
Henry
(d.1343)
Count of Nassau in Siegen
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Arms of Nassau.svg
Emich
(d.7 June 1334)
Count of Nassau in Hadamar
extinct 1394
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Arms of Nassau.svg
John
(d.1328)
Count Nassau in Dillenburg
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Arms of Nassau.svg
Ruprecht
(d.1304)
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Arms of Nassau.svg
Gerlach I
Count of Nassau-Wiesbaden
(bef.1288–1361)
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Arms of Nassau.svg
Walram III
Count of Nassau-Wiesbaden
Otto II
(c. 1305 – 1330/1331)
Count of Nassau-Dillenburg
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Blason Nassau-Dillenbourg.svg
Henry
(1307–1388)
Count of Nassau-Beilstein
ext. 1561
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Arms of Nassau.svg
Adolph
(1307–1370)
Count of Nassau in
Wiesbaden-Idstein
ext 1605
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
John I
(1309–1371)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Blason Nassau-Weilbourg.svg
Rupert
the Bellicose
(c. 1340–1390)
Count of Nassau-Sonnenberg
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
John I
(1340–1416)
Count of Nassau-Dillenburg
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Blason Nassau-Dillenbourg.svg
Philip I
(1368–1429)
Count of Nassau in Weilburg,Saarbrücken, etc.
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Nassau-Saarbrücken 1381.svg
Adolph
(1362–1420)
Count of Nassau-Dillenburg-Dietz
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Blason Nassau-Dietz.svg
John II
"The Elder"
(c.1365–1443)
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Blason Nassau-Dillenbourg.svg
Engelbert I
(c. 1370/80–1442)
Count of Nassau, Baron of Breda
founder of the Netherlands Nassaus
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Nassau-Dillenburg 1420.svg
John III
"The Younger"
d.1429/1430 or 1433
Count of Nassau in Siegen
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Philip II
(1418–1492)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Blason Philippe de Nassau-Sarrebrück (selon Gelre).svg
John II
(1423–1472)
Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken
ext. 1574
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Blason Philippe de Nassau-Sarrebrück (selon Gelre).svg
John IV (Jan)
(1410–1475)
Count of Nassau-Dillenburg-Dietz
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Nassau-Dillenburg 1420.svg
Henry II
(1414–1450)
Count of Nassau-Dillenburg
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
John III
(1441–1480)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Blason Philippe de Nassau-Sarrebrück (selon Gelre).svg
Philip
(1443–1471)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Engelbert II
the Valorious
(1451–1504)
Count of Nassau and Vianden, Baron of Breda(fr), Lek, Diest, Roosendaal en Nispen and Wouw
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Nassau-Dillenburg 1420.svg
John V
(1455–1516)
Count of Nassau in Dillenburg, Siegen, Hadamar, Herborn, Vianden, Dietz
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Blason Nassau-Dietz.svg
House of Nassau-Weilburg and the Grand Ducal Family of LuxembourgHouse of Orange-Nassau

House of Orange and Nassau[edit]

A summary family tree of the House of Orange-Nassau[10]

From the joining of the house of Nassau-Breda/Dillenburg and the House of Châlon-Arlay-Orange to the end of the Dutch Republic is shown below. The family spawned many famous statesmen and generals, including two of the acknowledged "first captains of their age", Maurice of Nassau and the Marshal de Turenne.

John V
Count of Nassau-Dietz
1455–1516
Stadholder of Gelderland
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Blason Nassau-Dietz.svg
John IV
Prince of Orange, 1475–1502
Princely crown.svg
Blason famille fr Chalon Orange.svg
William
the Rich
Count of Nassau-Dillenburg 1487- 1559
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Blason Nassau-Dillenbourg.svg
Henry III
Count of Nassau-Breda
1483–1538
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Blason Nassau-Vianden.svg
Claudia
of Châlon
1498–1521
Philibert
of Châlon
of Châlon
Prince of Orange
1502–1530
Princely crown.svg
William I
"the Silent"
1533–1584
Prince of Orange 1544
Stadholder of Holland, Zealand & Utrecht
Princely crown.svg
Willem van Oranje wapen.svg
Louis
1538–1574
Blason Nassau-Dillenbourg.svg
Adolf
1540–1568
Blason Nassau-Dillenbourg.svg
Henry
1550–1574
Blason Nassau-Dillenbourg.svg
John VI
"the Elder"
1535–1606
Stadholder of Gelderland
Blason Nassau-Dillenbourg.svg
René
of Châlon
1519–1544
Prince of Orange
r.1521
Princely crown.svg
Blason René de Nassau-Dillenbourg, Prince de Châlon-Orange.svg
Philip William
1554–1618
Prince of Orange
r.1584
Princely crown.svg
Blason Nassau-Orange.svg
Maurice
1567–1625
Prince of Orange
r.1618
Stadholder of Holland, Zealand, Utrecht, etc.
Princely crown.svg
Arms of Maurice or Nassau Prince of Orange.PNG
Frederick Henry
1584–1647
Prince of Orange
r.1625
Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, & etc.
Princely crown.svg
Willem van Oranje wapen.svg
Louise Juliana
1576–1644
married Frederick IV Elector Palatine from whom the British royal family descends
Elisabeth
1577–1642
married Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne
Duke of Bouillon
(illeg.)
Justinus van Nassau
1559–1631
Admiral & General
Governor of Breda 1601–1625
Justinus van Nassau wapen.svg
William Louis
"Us Heit"
Count of Nassau-Dillenburg
1560–1620
Stadtholder of Friesland, Groningen, and Drenthe
Blason Nassau-Dillenbourg.svg
Ernst Casimir
Count of Nassau-Dietz
1573–1632
Stadtholder of Friesland, Groningen, and Drenthe
Nassau-Diez 1636 wapen.svg
John VII
"the Middle"
Count of Nassau-Siegen
r.1561–1623
Blason Nassau-Dillenbourg.svg
(illeg.)
William
of Nassau
1601–1627
Lord of de Lek
(illeg.)
Louis of Nassau
Lord of De Lek and Beverweerd
1602–1665
Blason Nassau-LaLecq Beverweert Ouwerkerk Odijk.PNG
Charles II
King of England
1630-1685
Crown of Saint Edward (Heraldry).svg
Frederick V
Elector Palatine
r.1610
King of Bohemia
r.1619–1621
Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne
Vicomte de Turenne & Marshal-General of France
1611–1675
William II
1626–1650
Prince of Orange & Stadholder of Holland, Zealand, etc, r.1647
Princely crown.svg
Willem van Oranje wapen.svg
Mary
Princess Royal
Coronet of a Child of the Sovereign.svg
Royal Arms of England (1603-1707).svg
James II
King of England
Princely crown.svg
Royal Arms of England (1603-1707).svg
Louise Henriette
1627–1667
married Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg
(illeg.)
Frederick Nassau de Zuylestein
1608–1672
general of the army
Blason Nassau-Zuylestein.svg
Albertine Agnes
1634–1696)
William Frederick
1613–1664
Count —later Prince— of Nassau-Dietz, Stadtholder of Friesland, Groningen and Drenthe
Nassau-Diez 1640 wapen.svg
Henry Casimir I
Count of Nassau-Dietz
1612–1640
Stadtholder of Friesland, Groningen and Drenthe
Nassau-Diez 1636 wapen.svg
John Maurice
"the Brazilian"
Prince of Nassau-Siegen
1604–1679
Governor of Dutch Brazil
Field Marshal of the Dutch Army
Blason Nassau-Dillenbourg.svg
William III
1650–1702
Prince of Orange 1650
Stadholder of Holland, Zealand, etc, 1672
King of England, 1689
Princely crown.svgCrown of Saint Edward (Heraldry).svg
Willem van Oranje wapen.svgRoyal Arms of England (1694-1702).svg
Mary II
Queen of England
Crown of Saint Edward (Heraldry).svg
Royal Arms of England (1689-1694).svg
ceded claims to the lands of Orange to France in 1713 but kept right to use the title in its German form.
Kings of Prussia and later German Emperors
currently Georg Friedrich, Prince of Prussia, "Prinz von Oranien"
Earls of Rochford in EnglandHenry Casimir II
Prince of Nassau-Dietz
1657–1696
Stadtholder of Friesland, Groningen and Drenthe
Nassau-Diez 1640 wapen.svg
John William Friso
1687–1711
appointed heir by William III
Prince of Orange
r.1702
Stadholder of Frieslandr.1696
Princely crown.svg
Arms of Johan Willem Friso as Prince of Orange.JPG
Anne
Princess Royal of England
William IV
1711–1751
Prince of Orange
Stadholder of Holland, Zealand, etc. 1747
Princely crown.svg
Arms of Johan Willem Friso as Prince of Orange.JPG
Wilhelmina of PrussiaWilliam V
1748–1806
Prince of Orange
r.1751
Stadholder of Holland, Zealand, etc.
r.1751–1795
Princely crown.svg
Arms of Johan Willem Friso as Prince of Orange.JPG
Carolina
1743–1787
Charles Christian
Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
r.1735–1788
Princess Louise
of Orange-Nassau
1770–1819
married Karl, Hereditary Prince of Braunschweig(-Wolfenbuttel)
Prince Frederick
of Orange-Nassau
1774–1799
William VI
Fürst of Nassau-Orange-Fulda
1803–1806
Fürst of Nassau-Orange
Prince of Orange
r.1806
later
William I
King of the Netherlands
r.1815
Princely crown.svg
Arms of Sovereign Prince William I of Orange.svg
Frederick William
Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
1768–1816
Royal Family of the NetherlandsWilliam
Duke of Nassau
1792–1839
Adolphe
1817–1905
Duke of Nassau
r.1839–1866
Grand Duke of Luxembourg
r.1890–1905
Grand Ducal Family of Luxembourg

Illegitimate Lines[edit]

Family tree Nassau-den Lek[edit]
Family tree of the House of Nassau-den Lek
William I
"the Silent"
(1533–1584)
Prince of Orange 1544, Stadholder of Holland, Zealand & Utrecht
Princely crown.svg
Willem van Oranje wapen.svg
Margaretha van Mechelen
(c. 1580 – 1662)
Maurice
of Nassau
Prince of Orange
(1567–1625)
Prince of Orange
1618, Stadholder of Holland, Zealand, Utrecht, etc.
Princely crown.svg
Arms of Maurice or Nassau Prince of Orange.PNG
William of Nassau
(1601–1627)
"Chevalier de Nassau"
Lord of de Lek
Louis of Nassau
(1602– 1665)
Lord of De Lek and Beverweerd
Nassau laLecq.svg
Isabella van Hornes
Willem Jonker van Nassau
(1620–1679)
Maurits Lodewijk van Nassau
(1631–1683)
Lord of den Lecq
William Adrian of Nassau
(1632–1705)
Lord of Odijk
Elisabeth of Nassau
(1633–1718)
married Henry Bennet, Earl of Arlington
Emilia
(1635–1688)
married Thomas Butler, 6th Earl of Ossory
Wilhelmina
(c. 1638 – 1688)
married Aelbert van Ruytenburgh
Henry of Nassau
(1640– 1708)
Lord of Ouwerkerk
Count of Nassau, 1679
Master of the Horse to William III of England
William of Nassau
(1654-)
Barbara of Nassau
(1659-)
Alida of Nassau
(1661-)
John of Nassau
(1663-)
Maurits Lodewijk of Nassau
(1670–1740)
Lord of den Lek
Lodewijk Adriaan of Nassau
(1670–1742)
Lord of Odijk
Elisabeth Wilhelmina of Nassau
(1671–1729)
married her cousin Maurits Lodewijk II van Nassau-LaLecq
Charlotte of Nassau
(1677–1715)
married her cousin Willem Maurits van Nassau-Ouwerkerk
Isabella of Nassau
(1668–1692)
married Charles Granville, Earl of Bath
Lodewijk van Nassau
(1669–1687)
Lucia van Nassau
(1671–1673)
Henry of Nassau
(1673–1754)
Earl of Grantham
Cornelis van Nassau
(1675–1712)
Lord of Woudenberg
Willem Maurits van Nassau
(1679–1753)
Lord of Ouwerkerk
married his cousin Charlotte of Nassau
Frans van Nassau
(1682–1710)
Lucia Anna van Nassau
(1684–1744)
married Nanfan Coote, Earl of Bellomont
Willem Hendrik van Nassau
(1693–1762)
Lord of Ouderkerk
Anna Isabella van Nassau
1695–1765)
married Mattheus Hoeufft Jr.
Hendrik Carel van Nassau
(1696–1781)
Lord of Beverweerd and Odijk
Lodewijk Theodoor van Nassau
1701–1748)
Jan Nicolaas Floris van Nassau
(1709–1782)
Lord of Ouderkerk
Alida Cornelia van Nassau
(1705-170?)
Willem Adriaan II van Nassau
(1704–1759)
Graaf van Nassau, Lord of Odijk, vrijheer van Bergen (1708)
Henry of Nassau
(1697–1718)
Viscount Boston
1698
Thomas of Nassau
(1700–1730)
Viscount Boston
1718
Frances of Nassau
(1711–1772)
married Captain (later Lieutenant-Colonel) William Elliot of Wells
Emilia Mary of Nassau
(1702–1712)
Henrietta de Nassau
(1712–1747)
married William Clavering-Cowper, Earl Cowper
William Henry
(1710–1735)
Elisabeth
(1712-)
Francoise Henriette
(1711-)
Catherina Elisabeth Wilhelmina van Nassau
(1736–1777)
Lodewijk Theodoor II van Nassau
(1741–1795)
Lord of de Lek, Lord of Ouderkerk (1762–1773)
Jan Floris van Nassau
(1751–1814)
Lord of de Lek, Lord of Ouderkerk
Louise Suzanna van Nassau
(1726–1803)
married Frederik Christoffel, Graaf van Degenfeld-Schönburg (1721–1781)
Willem Lodewijk van Nassau
(1727–1792)
Vrijheer van Bergen
Wigbold Adriaan van Nassau
(1729–1797)
Lord of Odijk, etc. and Vrijheer van Bergen
Jan Floris Hendrik Carel van Nassau
(1782–1824)
Count of Nassau-la Lecq
Arms of Nassau.svg


Family Tree Nassau-Zuylestein[edit]
Family tree of the House of Nassau-Zuylestein
William I
"the Silent"
(1533–1584)
Prince of Orange 1544
Stadholder of Holland, Zealand & Utrecht
Princely crown.svg
Willem van Oranje wapen.svg
Margaretha Catharina Bruyns
(1595–1625)
Frederick Henry
(1584–1647)
Prince of Orange, 1625,
Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, & etc.
Princely crown.svg
Willem van Oranje wapen.svg
Mary Killigrew
(1627-)
daughter of Sir William Killigrew
Frederick of Nassau
(1624–1672)
Lord of Zuylestein
Nassau Zuijlestein stamwapen.svg
Hendrik van Nassau
(c. 1650–?1673)
Heer van Leersum
William van Nassau
(1649–1708)
Earl of Rochford
Anna Nassau de Zuylestein
(c. 1681–?1701)
William Nassau de Zuylestein
(1682–1710)
Earl of Rochford
Frederik Nassau de Zuylestein
(1684–1738)
heer van Zuylestein, Leersum en Waayenstein 1709–1738,
Earl of Rochford,1710
Maurits van Nassau-Zuylestein
(1685–1720)
Colonel, English Army
Maria van Nassau-Zuylestein
(1687–1765)
married baron Godard Adriaan van Reede (16xx–?1730)
heer van Herreveld and Earl of Athlone, son of Godard van Reede heer van Ginckel (1644–1703)
Elizabeth van Nassau-Zuylestein
(1688–?c. 1720)
Henriette
(1688–1759)
married Frederik Christiaan van Reede, baron van Reede, Earl of Athlone
Frederik Hendrik (Henry) van Nassau-Zuylestein
(1692?–?1740)
William Nassau de Zuylestein
(1717–1781)
Earl of Rochford
British courtier, diplomat and statesman
illeg. desc.
Richard Savage Nassau de Zuylestein
(1723–1780)
Member of Parliament, 1747–1754, 1774–1780
Mary[11][12]
(1762/3-1850)
Frederick Nassau[11][12]
(1771–1857)
Master of St. Osyth Priory
Ann[11][12]
(1773/4-1848)
William Henry Nassau
(1754–1830)
Earl of Rochford
George Richard Savage Nassau
(1758–1823)
bibliophile
Lucy Nassau
(1752–1830)
William Frederick Nassau[11][12]
(1798–1857)
Master of St. Osyth Priory
Ann Nassau[11][12]
(1800–1868)
John Augustus Nassau[11][12]
(1806–?)
Elizabeth Catherina Nassau[11][12]
(1827–1926)
Mistress of St. Osyth Priory
married John Roberts Kirby
Eliza Nassau[11][12]
(1833–1912)
Rochford Augustus Nassau[11][12]
(1853–1902)
Letta Mary Nassau[11][12]
(1884–+young)
Frederik "Frank" Rochford Nassau[11][12]
(1889–1959)
Herbert Arthur Nassau[11][12]
(1892–1932)
Harold Charles Nassau[11][12]
(1894–1895)
Nellie Nassau[11][12]
(?-+young)
Ethel Violet Nassau[11][12]
(1896–?)
married Frederick Savage
Doris Elsie Nassau[11][12]
(1915–1952)
married Stanley Philip Painter
Frederik (Freddie) Herbert Nassau[11][12]
(1919–1990)
one daughter
Herbert John Nassau[11][12]
(1920–1969)
2 daughters
Family Tree Nassau-Grimhuizen[edit]
Family tree of the House of Nassau-Grimhuizen
William I "the Silent"
(1533–1584), Prince of Orange 1544, Stadholder of Holland, Zealand & Utrecht
Princely crown.svg
Willem van Oranje wapen.svg
Eva Elincx
Justinus van Nassau
(1559–1631)
Admiral & General, Governor of Breda 1601–1625

Justinus van Nassau wapen.svg
Anne, Baronesse de Mérode
(1567–1634)
William
(1603–1638)
jonker van Nassau, heer van Grimhuizen
Louise Henriëtte van Nassau
(1604 – bet 1637/45)
married Henry Philip Herbert lt. col. in Dutch Army,
1 son, Philips Henry Herbert (1634–1657)
Philips van Nassau
(1605 – between 1672/1676)
jonker van Nassau, heer van Grimhuizen, Hoekelom en Wijchen
Justinus II van Nassau
(1633–1658)
Jonker van Nassau heer van Grimhuizen
Justina van Nassau
(1635–1721)
married George van Cats (1632 – na 1676) heer van Cats, Coulster en Schagen
Anna Justina van Nassau
(1638–1721)
married Willem Adriaan II van Horne graaf van Horne, baron van Kessel en heer van Batenburg
Philips van Nassau
died young
Anna Margaretha van Nassau
(1634–1676)
married (1) Diederik Schenk van Nydeggen heer van Blijenbeek, Afferden en Grubbenvorst
married (2) Johan Gerard van Oostrum heer van Moersbergen, Cattenbroek en Zeist, col in Dutch Army, 2 daughters.

House of Nassau-Dillenburg[edit]

Family tree of the House of Nassau-Dillenburg

Compiled from Wikipedia and:[13][14]

Johann VI "the Old/de Oude"
(1536–1606)
Count of Nassau-Dillenburg, 1559,
Stadholder of Gelderland
r.1578–1581
Rangkronen-Fig. 15.svg
Nassau-Dillenburg 1559-1739.svg
Willem Lodewijk of Nassau "Us Heit"
(1560–1620)
Count of Nassau-Dillenburg, 1606
stadholder of Friesland and Groningen(1584–1620)
married his cousin Anna van Nassau(1563–1588) d. of William the Silent
John VII
"the Middle/de Middelste" of Nassau-Siegen
(1561–1623)
Count of Nassau-(in) Siegen
r.1606
George
"the Old/de Oude" of Nassau-Dillenburg
(1562–1623)
Count of Nassau-(in) Dillenburg
r.1606
Philip of Nassau
(1566–1595)
Dutch States Army officer
Ernest Casimir I
(1573–1632)
Count of Nassau-(in) Dietz
r.1606
stadholder of Friesland
(1620–1632)
Louis Gunther of Nassau
(1575–1604)
Dutch States Army officer
John Louis of Nassau-Hadamar
(1590–1653)
Count later Prince (1650) of Nassau-(in) Hadamar
r.1606
Anna Johanna
(1594–1654)
married John Wolfert van Brederode, Field marshal Dutch States Army
Johann Ernst of Nassau
(1582–1617)
Venetian General
John VIII or II
"the Younger/de Jongste" of Nassau-Siegen
(1583–1638)
Count of Nassau-(in)(South) Siegen
r.1623–1632, 1638 South (catholic) Siegen
Adolf of Nassau
(1586–1608)
Dutch States Army officer
William of Nassau
(1592–1642)
Count of Nassau-(in)Hilchenbach
Dutch States Army officer
John Maurice of Nassau-Siegen
(1604–1679)
de facto Count and later Prince (1664) of Nassau-(in) (North/protestant) Siegen
r.1632 (all Siegen), 1638 North (protestant) Siegen
Field marshal Dutch States Army commander 1664–1668
Governor of Dutch Brazil
George Frederick Louis of Nassau-Siegen
(1606–1674)
married Mauritia Eleonora of Portugal, daughter of Emilia of Nassau, daughter of William the Silent and daughter-in-law of António, Prior of Crato
Dutch States Army officer
William Otto or Nassau
(1607–1641)
Sophie Margarete of Nassau
(1610–1665)
married 1656 Count Georg Ernst of Limburg Stirum
Henry of Nassau-Siegen
(1611–1652)
Dutch States Army officer
Nassau Siegen wapen.svg
Christian of Nassau-Siegen
(1616–1644)
Johann Ernst of Nassau-Siegen
(1618–1639)
John Philip of Nassau-Dillenburg
(1590–1607)
George II
"the Younger/de Jonge" of Nassau-Dillenburg
(1591–1616)
Louis Henry of Nassau-Dillenburg
(1594–1662)
Count later Prince (1654) of Nassau-(in) Dillenburg jointly with Albert from 1623–1626, alone from 1626
Albert of Nassau-Dillenburg
(1596–1626)
ruled Nassau-Dillenburg with Louis Henry,1623–1626
Maurice Henry of Nassau-Hadamar
(1626–1679)
Prince of Nassau-(in) Hadamar
John Francis Desideratus of Nassau-Siegen
(1627–1699)
Count and Prince (1652) of Nassau-(in)(South) Siegen
r.1638
Spanish General and Stadholder
Maurice of Nassau-Siegen
(1621–1638)
killed in battle of Kallo
William Maurice of Nassau-Siegen
(1649–1691)
Count and later Prince (1664) of Nassau-(in) (North/protestant) Siegen
r.1679
Dutch States Army officer
Frederick of Nassau-Siegen
(1651–1676)
George Louis of Nassau-Dillenburg
(1618–1656)
Hereditary Prince of Nassau-Dillenburg
Adolph of Nassau-Dillenburg
(1629–1676)
Prince of Nassau-(in) Schaumburg
r.1662
Francis Alexander of Nassau-Hadamar
(1674–1711)
Francis Fortunatus of Nassau
(1666–1672)
William Hyacinth of Nassau-Siegen
(1667–1743)
Prince of Nassau-(in)(South) Siegen
r.1699
claimed Principality of Orange
principality inherited by Nassau-Deitz (William IV, Prince of Orange), who reunited all of Ottonian Nassau
Hermann
(1667–1672)
twin with William Hyacinth
(Morganatic?)
Alexis Anton Christian Ferdinand of Nassau-Siegen
(1673–1734)
titulair aartsbisschop van Trapezopolis
(Morganatic?)
Francis Hugo Ferdinand Gereon of Nassau-Siegen
(1678–1735)
Vice-Regent of Nassau-Siegen (1727)
(Morganatic?)
Emmanuel Ignatius of Nassau-Siegen
(1688–1735)
Baron de Renaix (1699), Prince-Regent of Nassau-Siegen, (1727), Fieldmarshal of the Spanish Army, Knight of the Order of Malta (1697), Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece (1715), Knight of the Order of St. Hubertus (1720)
Frederick William Adolf of Nassau-Siegen
(1680–1722)
Prince of Nassau-(in) (North/protestant) Siegen
r.1691
Dutch States Army officer
Charles Louis Henry of Nassau-Siegen
(1682–1694)
Henry of Nassau-Dillenburg
(1641–1701)
Prince of Nassau-(in) Dillenburg
r.1662
inherited Nassau part of Shaumburg
Francis Joseph
(1689–1703)
(?)
Maximilian William Adolph of Nassau-Siegen
(1722–1728)
Frederick William II of Nassau-Siegen
(1706–1734)
Prince of Nassau-(in) (North/protestant) Siegen
r.1722
no heirs, principality inherited by William Hyacinth, Prince of Nassau-Siegen
William II of Nassau-Dillenburg
(1670–1724)
Prince of Nassau-(in) Dillenburg
r.1701
inherited part of Hadamar 1711
Christian of Nassau-Dillenburg
(1688–1739)
Prince of Nassau-(in) Dillenburg
r.1724
married Isabella of Nassau-Dietz, d of Henry Casimir II, Prince of Nassau-Dietz
Dillenburg divided between William IV, Prince of Orange (Nassau-Dietz) and William Hyacinth of Nassau-Siegen
Charles Henry of Nassau-Siegen
(1743–1808)
Russian Admiral
Henry Augustus William of Nassau-Dillenburg
(1700–1718)


House of Nassau-Weilburg[edit]


Family tree of the House of Nassau-Weilburg

Compiled from Wikipedia and these references.[15][16]

For ancestors of the House of Nassau-Weilburg, see House of Nassau#Family Tree

John III
(1441–1480)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Blason Philippe de Nassau-Sarrebrück (selon Gelre).svg
Louis I
(1473–1523)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Philip III
(1504–1559)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Albert
(1537–1593)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Philip IV
(1542–1602)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
in Saarbrucken
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Blason Philippe de Nassau-Sarrebrück (selon Gelre).svg
Louis II
(1565–1627)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
in Ottweiler
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
William
(1570–1597)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
in Weilburg
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
John Casimir
(1577–1602)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
in Gleiberg
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
William Louis
(1590–1640)
Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Blason Nassau-Weilbourg-Saarbrucken.svg
John
(1603–1677)
Count of Nassau-Idstein
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
Counts of Nassau-Idstein
ext.1721
Ernest Casimir
(1607–1655)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
John Louis
(1625–1690)
Count of Nassau-Ottweiler
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
ext. 1728
Gustav Adolph
(1632–1677)
Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
ext. 1723
Walrad
(1635–1702)
Count & Prince of Nassau-Usingen
Princely crown.svg
ext. 1816
Frederick
(1640–1675)
Count of Nassau-Weilburg
Rangkronen-Fig. 18.svg
John Ernst
(1664–1719)
Count & Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
Princely crown.svg
Charles August
(1685–1753)
Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
Princely crown.svg
Charles Ernst
(1689–1709)
Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
Princely crown.svg
Princess Carolina of Orange-Nassau
(1743–1787)
Charles Christian
(1735–1788)
Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
Princely crown.svg
Frederick William
(1768–1816)
Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
Princely crown.svg
William
(1792–1839)
Duke of Nassau
Royal Crown of the Netherlands (Heraldic).svg
Blason Guillaume, duc de Nassau (1816-1839).svg
Adolphe
(1817–1905)
Duke of Nassau 1839–1866
Grand Duke of Luxembourg
1890–1905
Crown of the Grand Duke of Luxembourg.svgCrown of the Grand Duke of Luxembourg.svg
CoA Grand Duke of Luxembourg 1890-1898.svgArms of the Grand Dukes of Luxembourg prior to 2000.svg
Grand Ducal Family of Luxembourg


The Grand-Ducal Family of Luxembourg[edit]

Grand Ducal Family of Luxembourg
Adolphe
(1817–1905)
Duke of Nassau r.1839–1866
Grand Duke of Luxembourg
r.1890–1905
Crown of the Grand Duke of Luxembourg.svgCrown of the Grand Duke of Luxembourg.svg
CoA Grand Duke of Luxembourg 1890-1898.svgArms of the Grand Dukes of Luxembourg prior to 2000.svg
Adelheid-Marie
Princess of Anhalt-Dessau
William IV
(1852–1912)
Grand Duke of Luxembourg
r.1905–1912
Lesser coat of arms of the Grand Dukes of Luxembourg prior to 2000.svg
Marie Anne
Infanta of Portugal
Marie-Adélaïde
(1894–1924)
Grand Duchess of Luxembourg
r.1912–1919
Lesser coat of arms of the Grand Dukes of Luxembourg prior to 2000.svg
Charlotte
(1896–1985)
Grand Duchess of Luxembourg
r.1919–1964
Lesser coat of arms of the Grand Dukes of Luxembourg prior to 2000.svg
Felix
Prince of Bourbon-Parma
Lesser Arms of Bourbon-Parma.svg
Jean
(1921–2019)
Grand Duke of Luxembourg
r.1964–2000
CoA Jean de Luxembourg (1939-1953).svgCoA Jean de Luxembourg (1953-1964).svg
Lesser coat of arms of the Grand Dukes of Luxembourg prior to 2000.svg
Joséphine-Charlotte
Princess of Belgium
Charles
Prince of Luxembourg
Marie-Astrid
Archduchess of Austria
Henri
(1955–present)
Grand Duke of Luxembourg
r.2000–present
Crown of the Grand Duke of Luxembourg.svg
Arms of Grand Duke of Luxembourg (House of Bourbon-Parma).svg
Maria Teresa MestreJean
Prince of Luxembourg
Margaretha
Princess of Liechtenstein
Guillaume
Prince of Luxembourg
Guillaume
Hereditary
Grand Duke of Luxembourg
Lesser coat of arms of the Grand Duke hereditary of Luxembourg.svg
Félix
Prince of Luxembourg
Louis
Prince of Luxembourg
Alexandra
Princess of Luxembourg
Sébastien
Prince of Luxembourg

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Grand Duchess Charlotte abdicated in 1964, but she died in 1985
  2. ^ Clotilde Countess of Nassau-Merenberg is the last patrilineal descendant of the House of Nassau though she descends from a family considered to be non-dynastic
  3. ^ Family tree of the early House of Nassau, retrieved on 2009-01-22.
  4. ^ Table 11, Page 23 and note on page 151, quoted at Genealogy of the Middle Ages Archived 2011-06-29 at the Wayback Machine, retrieved on 2009-01-23
  5. ^ a b Rietstap, Johannes Baptist (1861). G.B. van Goor (ed.). Armorial général, contenant la description des armoiries des familles nobles et patriciennes de l'Europe : précédé d'un dictionnaire des termes du blason. p. 297. ISBN 9780806304427. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
  6. ^ Pütter, Johann Stephan. Primae lineae juris privati Principum speciatim Germanicae. Göttingen, 1789 (3rd ed.).
  7. ^ "Pałac Gozdzkich – de Nassau". www.warszawa1939.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 2009-03-23.
  8. ^ Hay, Mark Edward (1 June 2016). "The House of Nassau between France and Independence, 1795–1814: Lesser Powers, Strategies of Conflict Resolution, Dynastic Networks". The International History Review. 38 (3): 482–504. doi:10.1080/07075332.2015.1046387. S2CID 155502574.
  9. ^ Louda, Jiri; Maclagan, Michael (December 12, 1988), "Netherlands and Luxembourg, Table 33", Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (1st (U.S.) ed.), Clarkson N. Potter, Inc.
  10. ^ "Official Website of the Dutch Royal House". Rijksvoorlichtingsdienst (RVD), The Hague, the Netherlands. Retrieved 2013-04-30.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r MAREK, Miroslav (2012). "GENEALOGY.EU, The House of Nassau". GENEALOGY.EU. Retrieved 2016-11-18.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "Ancestry.com". ANCESTRY.COM. 2016. Retrieved 2016-11-18.
  13. ^ Hay, Mark Edward (1 June 2016). "TheHouse of Nassau between France and Independence, 1795–1814: Lesser Powers, Strategies of Conflict Resolution, Dynastic Networks". The International History Review. 38 (3): 482–504. doi:10.1080/07075332.2015.1046387. S2CID 155502574.
  14. ^ Louda, Jiri; Maclagan, Michael (December 12, 1988), "Netherlands and Luxembourg, Table 33", Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (1st (U.S.) ed.), Clarkson N. Potter, Inc.
  15. ^ Louda, Jiri; Maclagan, Michael (December 12, 1988), "Netherlands and Luxembourg, Table 33", Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (1st (U.S.) ed.), Clarkson N. Potter, Inc.
  16. ^ Hay, Mark Edward (1 June 2016). "The House of Nassau between France and Independence, 1795–1814: Lesser Powers, Strategies of Conflict Resolution, Dynastic Networks". The International History Review. 38 (3): 482–504. doi:10.1080/07075332.2015.1046387.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]