House of Representatives (Nepal)
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|House of Representatives
|Mixed member majoritarian (first past the post for 165 members, proportional representation for 110 members)|
|November and December, 2017|
The House of Representatives (Nepali: Pratinidhi Sabha) is the lower house of the bicameral Federal Parliament of Nepal, the upper house being the Rastriya Sabha. The composition and powers of the house are established by Part 8 and 9 of the Constitution of Nepal. There are a total of 275 members; 165 are elected from single-member constituencies by first-past-the-post voting method and 110 are elected through proportional electoral system where voters vote for political parties, with the whole country being considered a single election constituency.
Unless dissolved earlier, the term of the House of Representatives is five years. The Prime Minister has to obtain the support of the majority of members of the House of Representatives to be elected in office.
The House of Representatives was first provisioned by the "Constitution of the Kingdom of Nepal 1990". It consisted of 205 members elected directly from single member constituency. It had five-year terms, but it could be dissolved by the King on the advice of the Prime Minister before the ending of its term.
There were three elections held for the House of Representative.
- General Election 1991 (Term May 1991 - August 1994) Dissolved by Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala announcing Mid-term Election.
- Mid Term Election 1994 (Term October 1994 - May 1999)
- General Election 1999 (Term May 1999 - May 2002) Dissolved by Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba announcing Mid-term Election.
The last House of Representative was dissolved by King Gyanendra on advice of Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba on May 2002 in order to hold new elections. Elections could not take place due to the ongoing civil war which eventually led King Gyanendra to stage a royal coup. Following the democracy movement of 2006, the King reinstated the earlier legislature. On 15 January 2007, the House of Representatives was transformed into an Interim legislature. The Interim legislature consisted of members appointed by an agreement between the Seven Party Alliance and the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist).
The qualifications for being a member of the House of Representative are laid out in Article 87 of the constitution and House of Representative Election Act, 2017 :
- must be a citizen of Nepal
- must have completed the age of twenty five years on date of nomination
- must have name listed on voter list
- should not have been convicted of a criminal offense involving moral turpitude
- must not be disqualified by any Federal law
- must not be holding any office of profit (paid by the government).
|Daman Nath Dhungana||1991 - 1994|
|Ram Chandra Poudel||1994 - 1999|
|Taranath Ranabhat||1999 - 2002|
- Article 86 (2) Constitution of Nepal
- Ran as independents. Figures based on http://www.eastwestcenter.org/fileadmin/stored/pdfs/ps034.pdf
- List of the Political Parties
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