House of Siri Sanga Bo

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House of Siri Sanga Bo
සිරි සඟ බෝ රාජ වංශය
Flag of Sitawaka Kingdom (1521 - 1594).png
Country Kingdom of Dambadeniya
Kingdom of Gampola
Kingdom of Kotte
Kingdom of Sitawaka
Kingdom of Kandy
Ethnicity Sinhalese
Founded 1220 (1220)
Founder Vijayabahu III of Dambadeniya
Current head No [1]
Final ruler Rajasinha I of Sitawaka
Titles King of Dambadeniya
King of Gampola
King of Kotte
King of Sitawaka
King of Kandy
Dissolution 1597 (1597)

House of Siri Sanga Bo was a powerful dynasty which ruled parts of Sri Lanka from Vijayabahu III of Dambadeniya (1220–1224) until Rajasinha I of Sitawaka (1581–1591). Vijayabahu III of Dambadeniya routed Kalinga Magha's armies from Maya Rata and established his fortress at Dambadeniya. This dynasty was able to protect their independence by facing so many foreign invasions thereafter. They had to change their capital city to Dambadeniya, Yapahuwa and Kurunagala because of continuous invasions from southern India.[2]

Rise of Dambadeniya[edit]

In the reign of Kalinga Magha, native Sinhala people moved to south and Maya Rata because of his remorseless governance in Kingdom of Polonnaruwa. Meanwhile, this reign, a descendant of King Sirisangabo called "Vijayabahu III", fought against Kalinga Magha's armies and became the king of Dambadeniya. He obtained Lord Buddha's tooth relic and alms chalice to Dambadeniya from the place which Magha's people had buried them in Kotmale. He helped to reconstruct the destroyed Buddhist dispensation. He was the founder of the House of Siri Sanga Bo.[3]

Rajasinha I of Sitawaka (Prince Tikiri Bandara)

The decline of the Kingdom of Sitawaka[edit]

The Last King of this dynasty was Rajasinha I of Sitawaka. He was a warrior and a great king of Sitawaka. He was also the son of Mayadunne. Later, he designated a South Indian, called "Aritta Kivendu" (Mannamperuma Mohottala) as his chief advisor. Kivendu influenced him to be converted to Hinduism. Rajasinha was advised by Kivendu to destroy significant Buddhist sites such as Sigiriya and Sri pada. These attacks caused to a discontent among Buddhist people and prelates about the king. It was one of the main reasons of the decline of the Kingdom of Sitawaka and House of Siri Sanga Bo. Because of his actions Buddhists led a rebellion against Rajasinha. He suppressed the rebellion and the leaders who supported the rebellion were caught. Most of them were Buddhist prelates. Over hundreds of Buddhist monks (with the chief prelate of Sitawaka) were killed by Rajasinha. These acts created a huge resentment among the Buddhists and the King.

After the annexation of Kandy, Rajasinha killed "Weerasundara Bandara", his agent (Samantha) of Kandy. Weerasundara Bandara's son escaped to Portuguese army in Mannar from Sitawaka. His name was Konappu Bandara. Later, he returned to Kandy and rebelled against Rajasinha with the help of Portuguese army. He captured Kandy from Rajasinha and became the King of Kandy. Even though, Rajasinha didn't stop his attempts to recapture Kandy. The last attempt of Rajasinha (Battle of Balana) was defeated by Konappu Bandara. While he was returning from Balana, he was wounded by a pointed bamboo segment and died at the garden of Pethangoda in March 1592. Rajasinha had no heirs to the throne of Sitawaka. His kingdom was sacked by Konappu Bandara (Vimaladharmasuriya I of Kandy) and the Portuguese.

Monarchs of House of Siri Sanga Bo[edit]

Kingdom of Dambadeniya (1220–1345)[edit]

Portrait Name Birth Death King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Vijayabahu III - - 1220 1224 *A patriotic Prince of Sinhala Royal blood
Parakramabahu II - Massa Photo 1.jpg Parakkamabahu II - - 1234 1269 *Eldest son of Vijaya Bahu III
Vijayabahu IV - Massa.jpg Vijayabahu IV - October 1270 1267/8 October 1270 *Eldest son of Panditha Parakrama Bahu II
Buwanekabahu - Massa.jpg Bhuvanaikabahu I
(from Yapahuwa)
- - 1271 1283 *Brother of Vijaya Bahu IV
Interregnum - - 1283 1302
Parakkamabahu III
(from Polonnaruwa)
- - 1302 1310 *Nephew of Buvaneka Bahu I
*Son of Vijaya Bahu IV
Bhuvanaikabahu II
(from Kurunagala)
- - 1310 1325/6 *Son of Buvaneka Bahu I
*Cousin of Parakrama Bahu III
Parakkamabahu IV
(from Kurunagala)
- - 1325/6 1325/6 *Son of Buvanekka Bahu II
Bhuvanaikabahu III
(from Kurunagala)
- - 1325/6 1325/6 *Known as Vanni Buvaneka Bahu
Vijayabahu V
(from Kurunagala)
- - 1325/6 1344/5 *Second son of Chandra Banu of Jaffnapatnam

Kingdom of Gampola (1345–1412)[edit]

Portrait Name Birth Death King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Bhuvanaikabahu IV - - 1344/5 1353/4 *Son of Vijaya Bahu V
Parakkamabahu V
(from Dedigama)
1311 - 1344/5 1359 *Son of Vijaya Bahu V
*Brother of Buvaneka Bahu IV
Vikramabahu III - - 1357 1374 *Son of Buvaneka Bahu IV
Bhuvanaikabahu V - - 1372/3 1391/2 *Nissanka Alakeswara’s son by the sister of Vikrama Bahu III
Vira Bahu II - - 1391/2 1397 *Brother in law of King Buvaneka Bahu V
Son of Vira Bahu II - - 1397 1397 *Son of Vira Bahu II
Son of Vira Bahu II - - 1397 1397 *Son of Vira Bahu II
Vira Alakesvara
(a.k.a. Vijaya Bahu VI)
- - 1397 1409
Parakrama Bahu Epa - - 1409 1412 *Grandson of Senalankahikara Senevirat
minister of Bhuvanaikabâhu IV.

Kingdom of Kotte (1412–1597)[edit]

Portrait Name Birth Death King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Coin Lion P bahu obvin.jpg Parakramabahu VI - - 1412 1467 *Son of Vijaya Bahu VI and his Queen Sunetra Devi
*Or the third son of Chandra Banu of Yapa Patuna (Jaffnapatnam)
Flag of Kotte.jpg Jayabahu II
(Vira Parakrama Bahu VII)
- - 1467 1472 *Son of Parakrama Bahu II’s natural daughter, Ulakudaya Devi
Flag of Kotte.jpg Bhuvanekabahu VI
(a.k.a. Sapumal Kumara)
- - 1472 1480 *Son of Parakrama Bahu VI
Flag of Kotte.jpg Parakramabahu VII - - 1480 1484
Flag of Kotte.jpg Parakramabahu VIII - - 1484 1518 *Ambulagala Kumara
*Son of Parakrama Bahu VI
Flag of Kotte.jpg Dharma Parakramabahu IX
(from Kelaniya)
- - 1509 1528 *Son of Vira Parakrama Bahu VIII
Flag of Kotte.jpg Vijayabahu VII - 1521 1509 1521 *Brother of Dharma Parakrama Bahu IX
*Rajah of Menik Kadavara
Flag of Kotte.jpg Bhuvanekabahu VII - 1551 1521 1551 *Eldest son of Vijaya Bahu
Flag of Kotte.jpg Dharmapala
(a.k.a. Dom Joaõ Dharmapala)
- May 27, 1597 1551 May 27, 1597 *Grandson and heir of Bhuvanekabãhu VII

Kingdom of Sitawaka (1521–1593)[edit]

Portrait Name Birth Death King From King Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Flag of Sitawaka Kingdom (1521 - 1594).png Mayadunne 1501 1581 1521 1581 *Brother of Bhuvaneka Bahu VII
*Son of Vijaya Bahu VII
Flag of Sitawaka Kingdom (1521 - 1594).png Rajasinha I
(a.k.a. Tikiri Banda)
1544 1593 1581 1593 *Son of Mayadunne

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Relatives and descendants do exists such as "Mayadunne" extended family
  2. ^ Codrington, H. W. (1994). Short History of Ceylon. Asian Educational Services. p. 76.
  3. ^ Kalani Ruwanpathirana, Dambadeniya,