House of Thani

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Emblem of Qatar.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Qatar

The House of Thani (Arabic: اَل ثاني Al Thani‎‎) is the ruling family of Qatar, whose origins can be traced back to the Ma'adid clan of the Banu Tamim tribal confederation.[1]

History and structure[edit]

The Al Thanis, an Arabic Family part which belongs to the Ma'adid sect of the Banu Tamim tribe,[2] can be traced back to Mudar bin Nizar who settled at Gebrin oasis in southern Najd (present-day Saudi Arabia) before he moved to Qatar.[3] Around the 17th century, the tribe lived in Ushayqir, a settlement north-east of Riyadh. They settled in Qatar around the 1740s. Their first settlement in Qatar was in the southern town of Sikak, and from there they moved north-west to Zubarah and Al Ruwais.[4] They settled in Doha in the 19th century under their leader Mohammed bin Thani.[3] The group was named after the father of Mohammad, Thani bin Mohammad.[3]

The family is made of four main factions.[5] There were three major branches in the early 1990s: Bani Qassim, Bani Ahmed, Bani Jaber and Bani Thamer[6] The number of the family members during the same period was estimated to be about 6,000.[6]

The leadership transitions in 1913, 1949, 1960, and 1995 were all forced abdications.[5] These abdications were forced by a nephew in one incident and sons in the others.[5] However, none of these forced abdications was a real challenge for the Al Thanis since they have managed to retain the power in each case.[7]

Rulers[edit]

List of Hakims and Emirs:

Family tree[edit]

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Thani
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mohammed
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Jassim Ahmed
 
Fahad
 
Eid
 
Jabr
 
Thamir

Jassim bin Mohammed Al Thani Branch[edit]

Sheikh Jassim bin Mohammed Al Thani (ca. 1825–1913) Founder of Modern Qatar

1. Sheikh Fahad bin Jassim Al Thani I (18??–18?? Died young)
2. Sheikh Khalifa bin Jassim Al Thani (1851–1931)
3. Sheikh Thani bin Jassim Al Thani (1856–1943), Sheikh of Al Gharafa
4. Sheikh Abdulrahman bin Jassim Al Thani (1871–1930), Sheikh of Al Wakra
5. Sheikh Abdullah bin Jassim Al Thani (1880–1957), Former Sheikh of Al Rayyan, Ruler of Qatar (1914–1940, 1948–1949)
6. Sheikh Ali bin Jassim Al Thani (18??–18?? Died when he was young)
7. Sheikh Mohammed bin Jassim Al Thani (1881–1971), Sheikh of Umm Salal Mohammed
7.1. Sheikh Jassim bin Muhammed bin Jassim Al Thani
7.1.1. Sheikh Fahad bin Jassim Al Thani (18??–1977)
7.1.1.1. Sheikh Faisal bin Fahad Al Thani
7.1.1.2. Sheikh Hamad bin Fahad Al Thani
7.1.1.3. Sheikh Abdullah bin Fahad Al Thani
7.1.2. Sheikh Nasir bin Jassim Al Thani
7.1.2.1. Sheikh ??? bin Nasir Al Thani
7.1.2.2. Sheikh ??? bin Nasir Al Thani
7.1.2.3. Sheikh ??? bin Nasir Al Thani
7.1.2.4. Sheikh ??? bin Nasir Al Thani
7.1.2.5. Sheikh ??? bin Nasir Al Thani
7.1.3. Sheikh Abdulaziz bin Jassim Al Thani (18??–1970)
7.1.4. Sheikh Khalid bin Jassim Al Thani
7.1.4.1. Sheikh ??? bin Khalid Al Thani
7.1.4.2. Sheikh ??? bin Khalid Al Thani
7.1.5. Sheikh Hamad Bin Jassim Al Thani
7.1.5.1. Sheikh ??? bin Hamad Al Thani
7.1.5.2. Sheikh ??? bin Hamad Al Thani
7.1.6. Sheikh Abdulrahman bin Jassim Al Thani
7.1.6.1. Sheikh ??? bin Abdulrahman Al Thani
7.1.6.2. Sheikh ??? bin Abdulrahman Al Thani
7.1.6.3. Sheikh ??? bin Abdulrahman Al Thani
7.1.6.4. Sheikh ??? bin Abdulrahman Al Thani
7.1.7. Sheikh Ali bin Jassim Al Thani
7.1.8. Sheikh Abdullah bin Jassim Al Thani
7.1.8.1. Sheikh ??? bin Abdullah Al Thani
7.1.8.2. Sheikh ??? bin Abdullah Al Thani
7.1.8.3. Sheikh ??? bin Abdullah Al Thani
7.1.8.4. Sheikh ??? bin Abdullah Al Thani
7.1.9. Sheikh Khalifa bin Jassim Al Thani (1959)
7.1.9.1. Sheikh Jassim bin Khalifa Al Thani
7.1.9.2. Sheikh Mohammed bin Khalifa Al Thani
7.1.9.3. Sheikh Sultan bin Khalifa Al Thani
7.1.9.4. Sheikh Ahmed bin Khalifa Al Thani
7.1.9.5. Sheikha Najla bint Khalifa Al Thani
7.1.9.6. Sheikha Reem bint Khalifa Al Thani
7.1.10. Sheikh Salman Bin Jassim Al Thani
7.1.10.1. Sheikh ??? bin Salman Al Thani
7.1.10.2. Sheikh ??? bin Salman Al Thani
7.1.10.3. Sheikh ??? bin Salman Al Thani
7.1.11. Sheikh Saud Bin Jassim Al Thani
7.1.11.1. Sheikh ??? bin Saud Al Thani
7.1.11.2. Sheikh ??? bin Saud Al Thani
7.1.11.3. Sheikh ??? bin Saud Al Thani
7.1.11.4. Sheikh ??? bin Saud Al Thani
7.1.12. Sheikh Sultan bin Jassim Al Thani, Married
7.1.13. Sheikh Faysal bin Jassim Al Thani
7.1.13.1. Sheikh ??? bin Faysal Al Thani
7.1.14. Sheikh Hasan bin Jassim Al Thani
7.1.14.1. Sheikh ??? Hamid Mohammed
7.1.15. Sheikha Noor bint Jassim Al Thani, Married
7.1.16. Sheikha Rowdha bint Jassim Al Thani, Married with Abdullah bin Ahmad Bin Abdullah
7.1.17. Sheikha Amna bint Jassim Al Thani, Married with Khalid bin Hamad bin Abdullah
7.1.18. Sheikha Al-Anoud bint Jassim Al Thani, Married, 2 sons and 2 daughters
7.1.19. Sheikha Tamather bint Jassim Al Thani
7.1.20. Sheikha Fatma bint Jassim Al Thani
7.1.21. Sheikha Muna bint Jassim Al Thani
7.1.22. Sheikha Jawaher bint Jassim Al Thani
7.1.23. Sheikha Sheikha bint Jassim Al Thani
7.1.24. Sheikha Maha bint Jassim Al Thani
7.1.25. Sheikha Moneera bint Jassim Al Thani
7.1.26. Sheikha Khowla bint Jassim Al Thani
7.1.27. Sheikha Leena bint Jassim Al Thani
7.1.28. Sheikha Loolwa bint Jassim Al Thani
7.1.29. Sheikha Mariam bint Jassim Al Thani
7.1.30. Sheikha Noora bint Jassim Al Thani
8. Sheikh Ghanim bin Jassim Al Thani (188?–1???)
9. Sheikh Ali bin Jassim Al Thani II (1893–1972), Sheikh of Umm Salal Ali
10. Sheikh Fahad bin Jassim Al Thani II (18??–18?? Died when he was young)
11. Sheikh Fahad bin Jassim Al Thani III (1895-ca.1980), Sheikh of Al Khiesa, Lusail, Rumeilah and Adba
12. Sheikh Abdulaziz bin Jassim Al Thani (1896–1985), Sheikh of Al Markhiya
13. Sheikh Salman bin Jassim Al Thani (18??–18?? Died while he was born)
14. Sheikh Idris bin Jassim Al Thani (18??–18?? Died while he was born)
15. Sheikh Mubarak bin Jassim Al Thani (18??–18?? Died while he was born)
16. Sheikh Salman bin Jassim Al Thani II (1899–1984), Sheikh of Dukhan
17. Sheikh Nasser bin Jassim Al Thani (190?–1978), Sheikh of Nasiriya
18. Sheikh Sultan bin Jassim Al Thani (190?–1976), Sheikh of Umm Al Amad
19. Sheikh Ahmed bin Jassim Al Thani (190?–1995), Sheikh of Al Khor
19.1. Sheikh Khawar bin Ahmed Al Thani Emir of Al Khor Since 1996
19.1.1 Sheikh Fahad bin Khawar Al Thani
19.1.2 Sheikha ??? bint Khawar Al Thani
19.1.3 Sheikha ??? bint Khawar Al Thani

The Ahmed bin Muhammed Al Thani Branch[edit]

1. Thani bin Mohammed
1.1. Mohammed bin Thani
1.1.2. Sheikh Ahmed bin Muhammed Al Thani – Governor of Doha

The Fahad bin Muhammed Al Thani Branch[edit]

1. Thani bin Mohammed
1.1. Mohammed bin Thani
1.1.3. Sheikh Fahad bin Muhammed Al Thani

The Jaber bin Muhammed Al Thani Branch[edit]

1. Sheikh Jabr bin Muhammed Al Thani (1878–1934)
1.2 Sheikh Muhammad bin Jabr Al Thani (1916–1983)
1.2.1 Sheikh Jaber bin Muhammad Al Thani
1.2.1.1 Sheikh Jassim bin Jaber Al Thani
1.2.1.1.1 Yousif bin Jassim Al Thani
1.2.1.1.2 Sheikh Jabor bin Jassim Al Thani
1.2.1.1.4 Sheikh Fahad bin Jassim Al Thani
1.2.1.1.5 Sheikh Hamad bin Jassim bin Jaber Al Thani (1959), Foreign Minister of Qatar (1992-today), Prime Minister of Qatar (2007-today) retired (2013)
1.2.1.1.3.1 Sheikh Jabor bin Hamad Al Thani
1.2.1.1.3.2 Sheikh Jassim bin Hamad Al Thani
1.2.1.1.3.3 Sheikh Mohammed bin Hamad Al Thani
1.2.1.1.3.4 Sheikh Fahad bin Hamad Al Thani
1.2.1.1.3.5 Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani
1.2.1.1.3.6 Sheikh Falah Bin Hamad Al Thani
1.2.1.1.6 Sheikh Falah bin Jassim Al Thani
1.2.1.1.7 Mansoor bin Jassim Al Thani
1.2.1.1.8 Nawaf bin Jassim Al Thani

The Thamir bin Muhammed Al Branch[edit]

1. Thani bin Mohammed
1.1. Mohammed bin Thani
1.1.6. Sheikh Thamir bin Muhammed Al Thani
1.1.6.1. Sheikh Issa bin Thamir bin Muhammed Al Thani
1.1.6.5 Sheikh Qassim bin Tamim Al Thani

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Meet the world’s other 25 royal families
  2. ^ Althani, Mohamed (2013). Jassim the Leader: Founder of Qatar. Profile Books. p. 25. ISBN 978-1-78125-070-9. 
  3. ^ a b c "Line of succession: The Al Thani rule in Qatar". Gulf News. 24 June 2013. Retrieved 27 June 2013. 
  4. ^ Mohamed Althani, p. 26
  5. ^ a b c Kamrava, Mehran (Summer 2009). "Royal Factionalism and Political Liberalization in Qatar". The Middle East Journal. 63 (3): 401–420. doi:10.3751/63.3.13. Retrieved 27 June 2013. 
  6. ^ a b Helem Chapin Metz, ed. (1993). "The Al Thani". Persian Gulf States: A Country Study. Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress. 
  7. ^ Crystal, Jill (July 1989). "Coalitions in Oil Monarchies: Kuwait and Qatar". Comparative Politics. 21 (4): 427–443. doi:10.2307/422006. Retrieved 27 June 2013. 
  8. ^ "Qatari emir Sheikh Hamad hands power to son Tamim". BBC. 25 June 2013. Retrieved 25 June 2013. 

External links[edit]