List of monarchs of Tonga
|King of Tonga|
since 18 March 2012
|Heir apparent||Tupoutoʻa ʻUlukalala|
|First monarch||George Tupou I|
|Formation||4 November 1875|
|Residence||Royal Palace, Nukuʻalofa|
This is a list of monarchs of Tonga since 1875, after the constitutional role of the monarch was established. Tonga is the only sovereign indigenous monarchy in Oceania. The first monarch was George Tupou I.
2008 cession of powers
Three days before his coronation on 1 August 2008, then-King George Tupou V announced that he would relinquish most of his powers and be guided by his Prime Minister's recommendations on most matters.
Lists of earlier monarchs of Tonga
- Tuʻi Tonga, rulers of Tonga from c. 950 to c. 1470.
- Tuʻi Haʻatakalaua, rulers of Tonga from c. 1470 to c. 1600.
- Tuʻi Kanokupolu, rulers of Tonga from c. 1600 to the present day. George Tupou I, the first king of Tonga, was the 19th Tuʻi Kanokupolu.
List of monarchs of Tonga (1872–present)
|George Tupou I
||c. 1797 – 18 February 1893
|1 January 1872||18 February 1893||Son of Tupoutoʻa, 17th Tuʻi Kanokupolu||Tupou|
|George Tupou II
||18 June 1874 – 5 April 1918 (aged 43)||18 February 1893||5 April 1918||Double Great-grandson of George Tupou I||Tupou|
|Sālote Tupou III
||13 March 1900 – 16 December 1965 (aged 65)||5 April 1918||16 December 1965||Daughter of George Tupou II||Tupou|
|Tāufaʻahau Tupou IV
||4 July 1918 – 10 September 2006 (aged 88)||16 December 1965||10 September 2006||Son of Sālote Tupou III||Tupou|
|George Tupou V
||4 May 1948 – 18 March 2012 (aged 63)||11 September 2006||18 March 2012||Son of Tāufaʻahau Tupou IV||Tupou|
||12 July 1959||18 March 2012||Incumbent||Son of Tāufaʻāhau Tupou IV||Tupou|
Tupou family tree
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
- Lists of incumbents
- Tonga – history of Tonga-monarchy and royal genealogy
- "Tonga's king to cede key powers", BBC, 29 July 2008